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Collection Title: “The Ku Klux Klan in Jones County” by Eleanor B. Lang

Collection Number: M416

Dates: 1976

Volume: .25 cu ft

Provenance: Donated by Dr. Kenneth G. McCarty, Jr., June 26, 1996.

Restrictions: Available for research use by the serious student and scholar.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is a fraternal organization that promotes white supremacy. It was first established in the United States in 1866 just after the Civil War ended. During the Civil Rights Movement era, the KKK operated as a secret society that terrorized African Americans and other minority groups in an attempt to prevent desegregation. They distributed propaganda materials, organized pro-segregation activities, and often used violence to intimidate African Americans and Civil Rights activists.

The White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi formed as an offshoot of the Original Knights of Louisiana. Each county in Mississippi housed a separate chapter of the KKK. The Jones County, Mississippi chapter of the KKK was an especially active and violent unit centered in Laurel, Mississippi, home of the Imperial Wizard Sam Bowers. During the 1960’s this chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was responsible for many atrocious acts committed against Civil Rights activists and African Americans.


Contents of the Collection

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of a research paper entitled “The Ku Klux Klan in Jones County” written by Ms. Eleanor B. Lang in 1976, for Dr. Kenneth G. McCarty’s “History in Mississippi” course in the Department of History at The University of Southern Mississippi. The paper focuses on the history of the Ku Klux Klan in Jones County, Mississippi, and includes accompanying documentary material. The collection includes a photocopy of the research paper as well as the original.

Related Collections:

AM01-92 Bynum (Victoria E.) Papers
M99 Citizens Council/Civil Rights Collection
M191 Johnson Family Papers


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