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Collection Title : Martin (Josephine D.) Papers

Collection Number: M375

Provenance: Materials generated and/or collected by Dr. Josephine D. Martin

Donor: Dr. Robert J. Schwartz

Volume: 3.70 cu. ft.

Dates: ca. 1939 - 2000

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Josephine Diaz Martin was born in Tampa, Florida, on December 31, 1915, the daughter of a cigar maker who emigrated from Spain. During her childhood, the family moved to New York City, where she completed her elementary and secondary education. She received her bachelor's degree from Hunter College in 1945; earned her M.D. from State University of New York College of Medicine in 1954; and did post-graduate work at West London Hospital School of Medicine from 1955-1956. She served as senior house officer in psychiatry at University College and St. Pancras Hospital in London, England in 1958, and she completed her residency in psychiatry at Bellevue Medical Center in New York in 1962.

As a teenager, Josephine was diagnosed with tuberculosis and spent two years in a sanatorium. While there, she met fellow patient and social worker, Earl Martin, whom she married when she was 19. Together, the two fought to secure better treatment for tuberculosis patients. She and Earl Martin later divorced, and Josephine married Cedric H. Belfrage, British-born founder and co-editor of the leftist weekly, The National Guardian. In 1955, Belfrage was deported to England for refusing to tell Senator Joseph McCarthy's Committee whether he was or ever had been a Communist. Dr. Martin accompanied her husband to England, and while in London, she worked for the National Health System. She returned to New York in 1958 to help care for two nephews whose mother had died of cancer. After a lengthy separation, she and Cedric Belfrage were divorced, and in 1967, she married Dr. Robert J. Schwartz, a New York banker and longtime friend.

Dr. Martin served for ten years in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at New York University's Bellevue Hospital. In 1968 she left Bellevue to pursue more direct community work. In the ensuing years, she held a variety of positions in hospitals and organizations, including Director of Children’s Neighborhood Care Teams in the Department of Community Psychiatry of Roosevelt Hospital and then at William F. Ryan Community Health Center. She was also involved in a series of clinical community care programs for the Jewish Board of Family and Children’s Services (JBFCS), including a juvenile diagnostic center for court referrals (Geller House); an educational and clinical day care program for troubled adolescents (West Side School); and finally, a JBFCS-sponsored project for homeless families in a “welfare” hotel (Regent Hotel).

In the 1960s, Dr. Martin also developed a keen interest in the civil rights movement of the 1960s. In 1964, as a member of the Medical Committee for Human Rights (MCHR), she traveled to Mississippi, where she worked in the Mississippi Child Development Center (forerunner of the Head Start program). As a result, she developed lasting friendships with such Mississippi civil rights pioneers as Bob Moses, James Forman, and Unita Blackwell. In 1991 Dr. Martin was the recipient of the American Orthopsychiatric Association’s Vera S. Paster Award, which is given to people who have contributed significantly to the well-being of persons of color.

Dr. Josephine Martin died July 6, 2000 at the age of 84. At a memorial service held in her honor on September 12, 2000, her husband Dr. Robert Schwartz said, "Jo was an angel, and if there were enough like her, the lion would lie down with the lamb and the problems of world conflict, human and environmental destructiveness would be no more."

Contents of the Collection
Martin, Douglas. "Josephine Martin, Healer of Rights Workers, Dies at 84", The New York Times, 23 July 2000.
Schwartz, Robert J. "Jo, the Woman I Loved",

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of materials generated and/or collected by child psychiatrist, Dr. Josephine D. Martin, and includes correspondence, publications, speeches, articles, newspaper clippings and other materials that document her life and work. The collection has been divided into four series: Professional Materials, Civil Rights Materials, Religious and Political Materials, and Oversize Materials. Folder titles assigned by Dr. Martin have been preserved, but titles were created for loose materials and unnamed folders. Items within each series are arranged alphabetically.

Series I: Professional Materials is made up of items collected by Dr. Martin regarding her psychiatric practice. Materials in this series are primarily articles from various journals and newspapers, but several audiocassettes on psychiatric subjects are included as well.

Series II: Civil Rights Materials is comprised of materials relating to civil rights in general and civil rights issues and activities that are specific to Mississippi. Included are newspaper clippings, publications, and files on civil rights leaders Unita Blackwell, W.E.B. Du Bois, Fannie Lou Hamer, Martin Luther King, and Paul Robeson. A manuscript draft of And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner (1993) could be considered the centerpiece of this series.

Series III: Political and Religious Materials contains anti-war materials, campaign flyers, and a file on Greenham Common Peace Camp, among other things.

Series IV: Oversize Materials consists primarily of posters, newspapers and oversize articles gleaned from the previous three series and housed in a map case.

The Josephine D. Martin Papers should be of interest to researchers in the areas of social work, mental health, civil rights, and other social issues.

Box and Folder List

Series I: Professional Materials
Box 1  
Folder 1 Adolescence-Behavior (1964-1994; undated)
Folder 2 American Orthopsychiatric Association, Inc. (1988-1992)
Folder 3 Audiocassette: “Managing Chronic Ambulatory Outpatients”(1998)
Folder 4 Audiocassette: “The Patient’s Right to Refuse Treatment”(1987)
Folder 5 Audiocassette: “Treatment of Geriatric Patients” (1998)
Folder 6 Audiocassette: “Update on Schizophrenia” (1986)
Folder 7 Audiocassettes: “Damaged Care” by Greg LaGana, M.D. and Barry Levy, M.D. (April 27, 1997)
Folder 8 Auster, Simon, M.D. (1983; March 1998)
Folder 9 Autism (1957-1995)
Folder 10 Bellevue (1961-1968; undated)
Folder 11 Book Proposal: How to Improve the Quality of Life by Dr. Marion Langer (undated)
Folder 12 Brain Function and Neurology (1958-1984; undated)
Box 2  
Folder 1 Child Abuse (1965-1975; undated)
Folder 2 Child Psychiatry Materials (1956-1969)
Folder 3 Child Psychiatry Materials (1970-1972)
Folder 4 Child Psychiatry Materials (1989-2000; undated)
Folder 5 Children’s Day Center R. H. [Roosevelt Hospital] (1969; undated)
Folder 6 Citizens’ Committee for Children of New York, Inc. – Blue Book (January 1971)
Folder 7 Community Health (1964-1970; undated)
Folder 8 Day Care Papers (1961; 1965; undated)
Folder 9 Day Hospital (1955; 1960; undated)
Folder 10 Desk Reference on Drug Abuse by the New York State Department of Health (1970)
Folder 11 Drugs: Addiction (1965-1985; undated)
Box 3  
Folder 1 Epilepsy (1963-1968; undated)
Folder 2 Female Homosexuality (1960-1974)
Folder 3 Fish, Barbara, M.D. (1958-1968; undated)
Folder 4 Genes-Chromosomes-Metabolic (1965-1989; undated)
Folder 5 Health Issues (1966-1998; undated)
Folder 6 Herman Rorschach Psychodiagnostics Tables (undated)
Folder 7 Hippie-Political Activists (1970; undated)
Folder 8 Development and Intelligence (1966-1971; undated)
Folder 9 Homelessness and Poverty (undated)
Folder 10 Malpractice (1983-1985; undated)
Folder 11 Martin, Josephine, Dr.: Articles and Speeches (1965-1991)
Folder 12 Martin, Josephine, Dr.: Resume (undated)
Folder 13 Medicare (1966-1969; ca. 1997)
Folder 14 Mental Retardation (1951-1974; undated)
Folder 15 Minimal Brain Damage / Minimal Brain Dysfunction [Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD]] (1956-1974; undated)
Folder 16 Newsletter: AlumNews Alumi Association of the College of Medicine State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center (Fall 1999)
Folder 17 Newspaper Articles (1966-1994; undated)
Box 4  
Folder 1 Nutrition and Mental Health (1969-1973; undated)
Folder 2 Parent-Child Relationship (ca. 1957-1968; undated)
Folder 3 Personal Correspondence (1964-2000; undated)
Folder 4 Piaget, Jean (1965-2000; undated)
Folder 5 Probe by the American Association for the Tuberculous (October - November 1939)
Folder 6 Psychiatric Materials: Miscellaneous (1943-1979)
Folder 7 Psychiatric Materials: Miscellaneous (1984-1989)
Folder 8 Psychiatric Materials: Miscellaneous (1991-1998; undated)
Folder 9 Roosevelt Hospital (1969-1971)
Folder 10 "A Reporter at Large: The Homeless and Their Children" The New Yorker (January 25 and February 1, 1988)
Folder 11 The Roosevelt Hospital: Application for Staffing Grant (ca. June 30, 1969)
Box 5  
Folder 1 “The Roots of Modern Psychiatric Thought” by Roche Laboratories (1967-1968)
Folder 2 Schizophrenia (1957-1989; undated)
Folder 3 Sexuality (1953-1975; undated)
Folder 4 Treating the Mentally Ill Homeless: A Handbook for Psychiatrists (1993)
Folder 5 Violence and Homicide (1969-1974; ca. 1990)
Folder 6 Violence and Youth: Psychology’s Response (Volume I) by the American Psychological Association (1993)
Folder 7 West Side Area Study: 1969 by the Research and Development Center Jewish Board of Guardians (1969)
Folder 8 Wilson Library Bulletin (October 1967)
Folder 9 The Women of the Regent Hotel Portraits by Elliot Schneider and Introduction by Maya Angelou (1987)
Folder 10 The Women of the Regent Hotel: Related Materials (1987-1988)
Series II: Civil Rights Materials
Folder 11 African-American History and Culture (1967-1970; undated)
Folder 12 American Visions (February 1987)
Folder 13 American Visions (February 1988)
Folder 14 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Letters, Manuscript; Title Page - Page 50 (1993)
Folder 15 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Manuscript; Pages 51 -100 (1993)
Folder 16 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Manuscript; Pages 101 - 150 (1993)
Folder 17 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Manuscript; Pages 151 - 200 (1993)
Box 6  
Folder 1 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Manuscript; Pages 201 - 250 (1993)
Folder 2 And Gently He Shall Lead Them: Robert Parris Moses and Civil Rights in Mississippi by Eric R. Burner: Manuscript; Pages 251 - 267 (1993)
Folder 3 The Andrew Goodman Foundation (1994-1999)
Folder 4 Arts and Literature (1987-1999; undated)
Folder 5 Blackwell, Unita (1991-1995; undated)
Folder 6 Civil Rights Materials: Miscellaneous (1964 - 1967)
Folder 7 Civil Rights Materials: Miscellaneous (1979 - 2000)
Folder 8 Civil Rights Materials: Miscellaneous (undated)
Folder 9 Bumper Sticker: J. A. Bagsby for State Representative (1964)
Folder 10 Coles, M. Robert, M.D. (1963; undated)
Folder 11 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) (1965; undated)
Folder 12 DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt), Dr. (1964-1999; Undated)
Folder 13 Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years 1954-1966 The Companion Volume to the PBS Television Series by Juan Williams (1987)
Folder 14 Freedom School Poetry, Foreword by Langston Hughes (1965)
Folder 15 Freedom Summer by Doug McAdam (1988)
Folder 16 Freedomways Volume 4 Number 1 (1964)
Box 7  
Folder 1 Hamer, Fannie Lou (1992-1993)
Folder 2 Head Start (1965-1966; undated)
Folder 3 Health Care is a Human Right: A Collection of Biographies of the Medical Committee for Human Rights (ca. 1997)
Folder 4 Health Care is a Human Right: A Collection of Biographies of the Medical Committee for Human Rights: Draft (ca. 1997)
Folder 5 Health Care is a Human Right: A Collection of Biographies of the Medical Committee for Human Rights: Related Materials (1997-1999; undated)
Folder 6 High Tide of Black Resistance and Other Political and Literary Writings by James Forman (1994)
Folder 7 The James E. Chaney Institute Inc. (ca. 1993)
Folder 8 King, Martin Luther, Jr. (ca. 1967-1999)
Folder 9 Medical Committee For Human Rights (MCHR) (ca. 1964-1989)
Folder 10 Medical Committee For Human Rights (MCHR) (ca. 1992-1999; Undated)
Folder 11 Mississippi Freedom Summer Reunion (ca. 1989)
Folder 12 Mississippi Freedom Summer Reunion (ca. 1994; 1999)
Folder 13 Montgomery, Alabama; Money, Mississippi and Other Places by Eve Merriam (1956)
Box 8  
Folder 1 The Movement: Documentary of a Struggle for Equality text by Lorraine Hansbury (1964)
Folder 2 National Geographic Volume 176 Number 2 (August 1989)
Folder 3 The Negro in American History by the Board of Education City of New York (1964)
Folder 4 The New Yorker (April 29, May 6, 1996)
Folder 5 Newspaper Clippings (1962-1999; undated)
Folder 6 Robeson, Paul (1984; 1998; undated)
Folder 7 Segal, Edith (undated)
Folder 8 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) (1963-1996; undated)
Folder 9 “Toward Black Liberation” by Stokely Carmichael (1966)
Folder 10 Underdogs Vs Upperdogs by James Peck (1969)
Folder 11 Video: “Hidden Heroes: Youth Activism in the 90s July 16, 1998)
Series III: Political and Religious Materials
Folder 12 Anti-war Materials (1965-1973)
Folder 13 The Bill of Rights Journal Volume II (December 1969)
Folder 14 Calendar: Physicians for Human Rights (1996)
Folder 15 Campaign Flyers (undated)
Folder 16 Greenham Common Peace Camp (ca. 1980s)
Folder 17 Political and Religious Materials: Miscellaneous (1968-1995)
Series IV: Oversize Materials (in Map Case)
Folder 1 Item 1 Poster: “Galilean and Common People” Author Rev. Claude Williams, artist Dan Genin
Folder 2 Item 1 “’Brain Syndrome’ Held Proper Diagnosis in Many Cases of 'Childhood Schizophrenia'" from Psychiatric Progress (May 1966)
  Item 2 “Schizophrenia: Environment Held 1st Factor” from Medical News, Volume 1, Number 16 (April 17, 1967)
  Item 3 Psychiatric Progress Volume 2 Number 3 (May 1967)
  Item 4 “Studies Link Adoptees’ Heredity, Prenatal Life to Schizophrenia” Psychiatric News (August 1967)
  Item 5 Pines, Maya “Why Some 3-Year-Olds Get A’s and some get C’s”, The New York Times Magazine (July 6, 1969)
  Item 6 “Program Treats Mother as well as Battered Child”, Medical Tribune (Wednesday, May 1, 1974)
  Item 7 “Abortion Prostaglandins Imperil Asthmatics”, Medical Tribune (Wednesday, May 15, 1974)
  Item 8 Levenson, Alan I., M.D. “Recent Developments In Corporate Psychiatry", The Psychiatric Times (February 1986)
  Item 9 Blackwell, Barry, M.D. “AIDS”, The Psychiatric Times (February 1986)
  Item 10 Hinds, Michael de Courcy “ A Self-Help Offer of Higher Learning is Extended to Housing Projects", The New York Times (January 20, 1993)
  Item 11 Knowlton, Leslie “Outreach Program Aids Homeless Mentally Ill", Psychiatric Times (May 1997)
  Item 12 Arons, Bernard S., M.D. “Terminology and People with Mental Illness", Psychiatric Times (May 1997)
  Item 13 “Hyperactive Child Syndrome” from Roche Medical Image
  Item 14 “Battered Children and Abusive Parents” from Roche Medical Image
  Item 15 “Memory: A Roche Report on Research in Psychopharmacology”
Folder 3 Item 1 Rauh, Joseph L., Jr. “Rights Protection Laws Needed” ADA World Magazine (ca. September 1965)
  Item 2 Schulberg, Budd “Rebellion of Watts --- End or Beginning” The Los Angeles Times (May 15, 1966)
  Item 3 Vance, Kyle “Poor Mobilize In Appalachia, Talk of March” The Courier-Journal & Times (February 19, 1967)
  Item 4 Health Rights News by the Medical Committee for Human Rights Volume 1, Number 1 (August 1967)
  Item 5 Lynd, Staughton “A Radical Speaks in Defense of S.N.C.C.” The New York Times Magazine (September 10, 1967)
  Item 6 Poster: “The Struggle Continues: 25th Anniversary Commemoration of Chaney/Goodman/Schwerner"
  Item 7 Poster: “1964-1989: Mississippi Freedom Summer”
  Item 8 Bates, Karen Grigsby “Magnificent Life Inside a Treasure Chest Of Black History", The New York Times (March 28, 1991)
  Item 9 Applebome, Peter “Frictions Haunt Rights Hero of Past”, The New York Times (July 6, 1993)
  Item 10 Dwyer, Jim “He Left the World A Legacy of Justice” Newsday (March 29, 1993)
  Item 11 “25 Years After Memphis: Martin Luther King”, Newsday (April 4, 1993)
  Item 12 New Mississippi Newsletter August 1995
  Item 13 Boyle, Adam “Bob Zellner: Racism in the ‘90s” The Southampton Independent (February 26, 1997)
  Item 14 Marable, Manning “A Plea That Scholars Act Upon, Not Just Interpret Events", The New York Times (April 4, 1998)
  Item 15 Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. “A Call to Protect Academic Integrity From Politics", The New York Times (April 4, 1998)
  Item 16 New Mississippi Newsletter January 2000
  Item 17 Poster: Advertisement for a Paul Robeson concert from the London Paul Robeson Committee (undated)
  Item 18 Poster: Race & Racism in the 90’s graphics design by Jane Cerami (undated)


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