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Collection Title: Randall (Herbert) Freedom Summer Photographs

Collection Number: M351

Dates: 1964 - 2001

Volume: 3.85 Cubic Feet

Provenance: Mr. Herbert E. Randall, Jr. donated the bulk of this collection in 1998. Additional material was donated between the dates of June 5, 1999 and January 3, 2002 by: Mrs. Sandra K. Preuett, WDAM-TV, USM Photo Services Department, USM Oral History Department, WHLT-TV, Mrs. Iris Schmeisser, Ms. Amy Jo Formby, Ms. Sheila Michaels, Mr. Roger Duvall, Helen Kress of Heldref Publications, and Dr. Barbara H.R. Joseph.

Copyright:This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).


Biographical/Historical Sketch:

In the spring of 1964, Herbert Eugene Randall, Jr., a talented young African and Native American photographer, had been awarded the John Hay Whitney Fellowship for Creative Photography. Using this fellowship, Randall was to spend a year photographically documenting contemporary Negro life. Shortly after receiving the fellowship, he met Sanford Rose "Sandy" Leigh, a Field Secretary for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and director of the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project in Hattiesburg. Upon their meeting, Leigh suggested that Randall use his fellowship to photograph Freedom Summer activities in Hattiesburg.

Herbert Randall did just that. During the summer of 1964, Randall not only documented the social and political efforts of the Hattiesburg Project, but also vividly depicted the hardships of Negro life in a racially discriminating Mississippi.

Herbert Randall, born in 1936 on Long Island New York, studied photography under Harold Feinstein in 1957, and, from 1958 to 1966, worked as a freelance photographer for various media organizations. His photographs were used by the Associated Press, United Press International, Black Star, various television stations, and other American and foreign publications. Mr. Randall was also a founding member of the Kamoinge Workshop, a forum for African American photographers, in New York City in 1963.

Following Freedom Summer, Randall returned to New York to continue his career in photography, serving in several photographic positions with youth organizations; as Coordinator of Photography for the New York City Board of Education; and Photographic Consultant to the National Media Center Foundation.

Mr. Randall was awarded the Creative Artist's Public Service Grant for Photography for 1971-72, and his photographs have appeared in exhibitions at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, The Brooklyn Museum, The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, and other notable museums. His photographs are permanently represented in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the New York Public Library, the Library of Congress, and various other repositories.

In June of 1999, Herbert Randall returned to Hattiesburg, Mississippi to attend "Faces of Freedom Summer: The Photographs of Herbert Randall," an exhibit of selected images from Randall's Freedom Summer photographs. In 2001, The University of Alabama Press published a book entitled Faces of Freedom Summer, which features the photographs included in the exhibit.

At the time of this writing Herbert Randall is retired and resides on the Shinnecock Indian Reservation on Long Island, New York.

Sources:

Contents of the Collection.
General notes from the collection case file.
Randall, Herbert and Dr. Bobs M. Tusa. Faces of Freedom Summer. With a forward by Victoria Jackson Gray Adams and Cecil Gray. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University Alabama Press, 2001.

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of three series of materials. The first and most prominent series contains 831 photographs developed from 1,759 photograph negatives that Herbert Randall produced during Freedom Summer (1964) in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. (The first ninety-one photographs were taken in Ohio at a Freedom Summer orientation session.) The photographs include images of violence against volunteers, voter registration canvassing, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Freedom Schools, the Free Southern Theatre, and a Picnic at the home of Vernon Dahmer, which was the official beginning of the Hattiesburg Project. Collectively, these photographs are invaluable assets to Freedom Summer history because they intimately and accurately reveal the people and events that made the movement all that it was.

The second series of materials includes information in such forms as videocassettes, audiocassettes, and brochures concerning the "Faces of Freedom Summer" photographic exhibit. The exhibit, which showcases Herbert Randall's Freedom Summer Photographs, has traveled to several locations since its debut in 1999.

The final series consists of publications such as museum catalogs, photographic journals, and scholarly publications about either Herbert Randall's role in Freedom Summer or his successful career as a photographer.

Related Collections:

The subjects of Herbert Randall's photographs may be present in many collections held at the University of Southern Mississippi. Among them are:

M 345 Adams (Victoria Gray) Papers, 1938-2000
M 322 Adickes (Sandra E.) Papers, 1964-1994
M 323 Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection, 1964-1965                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M 484 Gonzalez (Candy Brown) Freedom Summer Photographs 
AM98-42 Lelyveld (Rabbi Arthur J.) Collection, 1964
M350 Owen (David) Freedom Summer Collection
AM 99-74 Spears (Lawrence D.) Civil Rights Collection, 1964-1999

 

Box and Folder List:

 

SERIES I: Photographs

 

 

Box 1:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-1 through M351-10

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-11 through M351-19

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-20 through M351-29

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-30 through M351-39

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-40 through M351-49

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-50 through M351-59

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-60 through M351-69

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-70 through M351-79

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-80 through M351-89

Folder 10:

Photographs: M351-90 through M351-99

Folder 11:

Photographs: M351-100 through M351-109

Folder 12:

Photographs: M351-110 through M351-119

Folder 13:

Photographs: M351-120 through M351-129

Folder 14:

Photographs: M351-130 through M351-139

Folder 15:

Photographs: M351-140 through M351-149

Folder 16:

Photographs: M351-150 through M351-159

 

 

Box 2:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-160 through M351-169

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-170 through M351-179

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-180 through M351-189

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-190 through M351-199

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-200 through M351-209

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-210 through M351-219

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-220 through M351-229

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-230 through M351-239

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-240 through M351-249

Folder 10:

Photographs: M351-250 through M351-259

Folder 11:

Photographs: M351-260 through M351-269

Folder 12:

Photographs: M351-270 through M351-279

Folder 13:

Photographs: M351-280 through M351-289

Folder 14:

Photographs: M351-290 through M351-299

 

 

Box 3:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-300 through M351-309

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-310 through M351-319

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-320 through M351-329

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-330 through M351-339

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-340 through M351-349

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-350 through M351-359

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-360 through M351-369

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-370 through M351-379

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-380 through M351-389

Folder 10:

Photographs: M351-390 through M351-399

Folder 11:

Photographs: M351-400 through M351-409

Folder 12:

Photographs: M351-410 through M351-419

Folder 13:

Photographs: M351-420 through M351-429

Folder 14:

Photographs: M351-430 through M351-439

Folder 15:

Photographs: M351-440 through M351-449

 

 

Box 4:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-450 through M351-459

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-460 through M351-469

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-470 through M351-479

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-480 through M351-489

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-490 through M351-499

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-500 through M351-509

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-510 through M351-519

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-520 through M351-529

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-530 through M351-539

Folder 10:

Photographs: M351-540 through M351-549

Folder 11:

Photographs: M351-550 through M351-559

Folder 12:

Photographs: M351-560 through M351-569

Folder 13:

Photographs: M351-570 through M351-579

Folder 14:

Photographs: M351-580 through M351-589

Folder 15:

Photographs: M351-590 through M351-599

 

 

Box 5:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-600 through M351-609

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-610 through M351-619

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-620 through M351-629

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-630 through M351-639

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-640 through M351-649

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-650 through M351-659

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-660 through M351-669

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-670 through M351-679

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-680 through M351-689

Folder 10:

Photographs: M351-690 through M351-699

Folder 11:

Photographs: M351-700 through M351-709

Folder 12:

Photographs: M351-710 through M351-719

Folder 13:

Photographs: M351-720 through M351-729

Folder 14:

Photographs: M351-730 through M351-739

Folder 15:

Photographs: M351-740 through M351-749

 

 

Box 6:

 

Folder 1:

Photographs: M351-750 through M351-759

Folder 2:

Photographs: M351-760 through M351-769

Folder 3:

Photographs: M351-770 through M351-779

Folder 4:

Photographs: M351-780 through M351-789

Folder 5:

Photographs: M351-790 through M351-799

Folder 6:

Photographs: M351-800 through M351-809

Folder 7:

Photographs: M351-810 through M351-819

Folder 8:

Photographs: M351-820 through M351-829

Folder 9:

Photographs: M351-830 through M351-831

Folder 10:

Photograph Index

 

 

Box 7:

 

Folder 1:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-1 through M351-62

Folder 2:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-63 through M351-122

Folder 3:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-123 through M351-187

Folder 4:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-188 through M351-245

Folder 5:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-246 through M351-312

Folder 6:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-313 through M351-373

Folder 7:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-374 through M351-442

Folder 8:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-443 through M351-500

Folder 9:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-501 through M351-574

Folder 10:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-575 through M351-633

Folder 11:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-634 through M351-687

Folder 12:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-688 through M351-756

Folder 13:

Photograph Identification Sheets: M351-757 through M351-831

 

 

SERIES II: “Faces of Freedom Summer” Exhibits

 

 

Box 8:

 

Folder 1:

Freedom Summer: Biographical/Historical Information

Folder 2:

Poster: “Framing Civil Rights: Faces of Freedom Summer Exhibit to Come to USM.” (June 1999)

Folder 3:

Photographs Taken at Mount Zion Baptist Church Reception (June 6, 1999) (Photographs M351-832 through M351-851 and Identification Sheets)

Folder 4:

Freedom Summer Symposium: Two Audio Tapes and Transcript (June 7, 1999)

Folder 5:

Video Cassettes: “Freedom Summer Weekend at USM” (June 5-7, 1999)

Folder 6:

Video Cassette: Interview with Dr. Michael De Marsche on WDAM-TV’s “Mid Day” (June 5-7, 1999)

Folder 7:

Video Cassette: “Faces of Freedom Summer” Exhibit—WHLT-TV 10:00 p.m. News (October 4, 1999)

Folder 8:

Audiocassette: Interview with Dr. Bobs Tusa by Roger Duvall of Alabama Public Radio (February 2001)

Folder 9:

“Faces of Freedom Summer” Exhibit—SUNY College at Old Westbury (November 2001) (Photographs M351-852 through M351-853)

 

 

SERIES III: Publications

 

 

Box 9:

 

Folder 1:

“Committed to the Image—Contemporary Black Photographers”—Brooklyn Museum of Art Exhibit Catalog (2001)

Folder 2:

“Liberating Views/Views of Liberation: Black Photographers of the Civil Rights Era”—Master’s Thesis by Iris Schmeisser

Folder 3:

Nueva Luz: Photographic Journal (Vol. 7, No. 1, 2001)

Folder 4:

“Revisiting Mississippi’s Summer of Hope”—Paper by Amy Jo Formby (November 15, 1999)

Folder 5:

The Social Studies(Vol. 92, No. 5, 2001)

 


 

SERIES I: Photographs

Note: Identification is provided of persons and sites which appear in the 831 prints made by USM's Photo Services Department of the 1,759 negatives donated to the University by the photographer Herbert Randall in 1998. The order of the prints reflects but does not strictly replicate the order of the negatives because Randall used several cameras at one time. The identifications of persons and buildings have been generously provided by many of the local people and former volunteers who made Freedom Summer happen. A photocopy set of the prints with identifications that point to each individual is located within the collection.

Note: The COFO-Hattiesburg Project office and the U.S. Senate MFDP campaign headquarters of Victoria Jackson Gray were both located in the Woods Guest House, a historic Negro hotel owned by Mrs. Lenon E. Woods, at 507 Mobile Street (destroyed by fire September 17, 1998). Both J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service Shop and the Hattiesburg Ministers Project headquarters were located in the Negro Masonic Lodge at 522 Mobile Street, typically described as "6th and Mobile Streets" (extant to date).

Note: The 1964 locations of the black churches which participated in Freedom Summer by hosting MFDP meetings, Freedom Schools, and/or Freedom Libraries are: Bentley Chapel United Methodist Church (514 Ashford Street), Morning Star Baptist Church (1406 Elizabeth Street), Mt. Zion Baptist Church (900 Spencer Street), Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church (Palmer's Crossing), St. James Christian Methodist Episcopal Church (408 East 7th Street), St. John United Methodist Church (121 Sullivan Drive, Palmers Crossing), St. Paul United Methodist Church (215 East 5th Street), and True Light Baptist Church (1109 Dewey Street).There were two Community Centers established in the Hattiesburg project by means of local people and volunteers refurbishing existing buildings. The first, which opened with a party on July 18, was located in a former kindergarten building in Palmers Crossing, on Old Airport Road across from the Hi-Hat Club. The second was located in a house at 1100 Dewey Street in Hattiesburg, across from True Light Baptist Church. Both buildings have since been demolished.

SUB-SERIES 1, Prints #22-91: Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964

Note: Prints #1-21 were taken not by Herbert Randall but by a SNCC staff photographer. While in Hattiesburg during Freedom Summer, Randall periodically sent his negatives to SNCC headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia for safekeeping. When the negatives were returned to him after the end of the summer, the other negatives were included with his. By the time Randall realized it and contacted SNCC headquarters, there was no longer anyone there who could identify the other photographer. They appear to have bene taken in Boston.


 

22-34 - Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964-general session

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-22

Western College for Women.  Western College sign with three young people.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-23

Speaker at podium.  Caucasian male speaker in seersucker suit speaking from podium.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-24

Speaker at podium (2).  Caucasian male speaker in seersucker suit speaking from podium - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-25a

Singing during orientation.   SNCC staff lead a large group of volunteers in singing Freedom Songs in auditorium. On the far right is Mississippi activist Fannie Lou Hamer. To her right is Chuck Noble of SNCC's Freedom Singers.

FANNIE LOU HAMER

CHUCK NEBLETT

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SINGERS

SINGING

SNCC

M351-26

Singing during orientation - alternate view.  SNCC staff lead a large group of volunteers in singing in auditorium - closer view. On the far right is Mississippi activist Fannie Lou Hamer. To her right is Chuck Neblett of SNCC's Freedom Singers.

FANNIE LOU HAMER

CHUCK NEBLETT

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SINGERS

SINGING

SNCC

M351-27

Singing during orientation, close-up.   SNCC staff lead a large group of volunteers in singing in auditorium - closest view. On the right is Mississippi activist Fannie Lou Hamer. To her right is Chuck Neblett of SNCC's Freedom Singers.

FANNIE LOU HAMER

CHUCK NEBLETT

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SINGERS

SINGING

SNCC

M351-28

Speaker addresses volunteers.  African-American male speaker addresses a large group of volunteers in auditorium.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-29

Speaker addresses volunteers (2).  African-American male speaker addresses a large group of volunteers in auditorium - closer view.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-30

Male volunteer.  Caucasian male volunteer seated in audience in auditorium.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-31

Annie Devine at orientation.   Volunteers seated in audience in auditorium - close view. Closest to the camera is Mississippi activist Annie Devine.

ANNIE DEVINE

WESTERNCOLLEGE

M351-32

Volunteers seated on floor.  Three Caucasian volunteers seated on floor of auditorium - possibly reacting to the announcement of the disappearance of activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman in Neshoba County, Mississippi on June 21.

WESTERN COLLEGE

VIOLENCE

M351-33

Volunteers seated on floor - alternate view.  Three Caucasian volunteers seated on floor of auditorium - possibly reacting to the announcement of the disappearance of activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman in Neshoba County, Mississippi on June 21.

WESTERN COLLEGE

VIOLENCE

M351-34

Volunteers sitting in auditorium.  Three Caucasian volunteers seated on floor of auditorium with African-American male seated on chair - possibly reacting to the announcement of the disappearance of activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman in Neshoba County, Mississippi on June 21. The African-American man may be the speaker in prints # 28, 29.

WESTERN COLLEGE

VIOLENCE

 

35-44 Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964- Freedom School teachers session

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-35

Dr. Staughton Lynd addresses volunteers.  Dr. Staughton Lynd, director of the Freedom Schools in the Freedom Summer project, talks to a large group of volunteers in a theater while SNCC staff photographer Tomio 'Tom' Wakayama (?) takes a photograph of the audience.

STAUGHTON LYND

TOMIO WAKAYAMA (?)

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SNCC

M351-36

Staughton Lynd lectures to Freedom School teachers.   Dr. Staughton Lynd, director of the Freedom Schools in the Freedom Summer project, lectures to Freedom School teachers in a theater. Seated on the second row on the far right are Nancy and Joseph Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan; he a professor of philosophy at Western Michigan University and she a homemaker).They will teach in the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project - he at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing and she at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Nancy Ellin also supervised the Freedom Libraries in Hattiesburg.

JOSEPH ELLIN

NANCY ELLIN

STAUGHTON LYND

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-37

Lecture for Freedom School teachers.   FreedomSchoolteachers listen to lecturer in a theater.

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-38

Men seated on stage.  African-American male and Caucasian male are seated on the stage of a theater behind stacks of accordion files tied with cord, possibly packets of information for distribution to the Freedom School teachers.

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-39

Male volunteer (2).  Caucasian male volunteer in theater or auditorium - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-40

Female volunteer.  Caucasian female volunteer in theater or auditorium - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-41

Volunteers.  Caucasian female volunteers with African-American male. The man may be the speaker in prints # 28, 29, 34.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-42

Volunteer and speaker.  Caucasian female volunteer with African-American male. The man may be the speaker in prints # 28, 29, 34, 41.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-43

Volunteers walking.  Large group of volunteers walking arm in arm on the Western College campus. The Caucasian female in a headband looking back toward the camera, at the end of the tree branch, is Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; a student at Skidmore College) who will be a teacher in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

PATRICIA YORCK

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-44

Volunteers walking (2).  Large group of volunteers walking arm in arm on the Western College campus. They heavy-set Caucasian male in the center foreground is a volunteer identified as 'Big Daddy' who will work in the Hattiesburg project.

'BIG DADDY' ________

WESTERN COLLEGE

 

45-62 Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964- Instruction in nonviolent self-defense

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-45

Instruction in nonviolent self-defense.   A group of volunteers gather outdoors on the campus of Western College for instruction in nonviolent self-defense by SNCC Field Secretary Cordell Hull Reagon. Standing in the center background, wearing a sleeveless dress, is Mississippi activist Fannie Lou Hamer. 

FANNIE LOU HAMER

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-46

Reagon and Gordon demonstrate self-defense.  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (attacking) and Bruce Gordon (rolled into the defensive position on the ground).  They demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures to volunteers seated on the grass.

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-47

Reagon and Gordon demonstrate self-defense (2).  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (kneeling) and Bruce Gordon (rolled into the defensive position on the ground). They demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures to volunteers seated on the grass.

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-48

Reagon and Gordon demonstrate self-defense (3).  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (light colored pants) and Bruce Gordon (dark colored pants).  They demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures to volunteers seated on the grass. The man with a camera seated on the right is possibly SNCC staff photographer Tomio 'Tom' Wakayama.

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

TOMIO WAKAYAMA (?)

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-49

Reagon demonstrates self-defense.  SNCC Field Secretary Cordell Hull Reagon demonstrates nonviolent self-defense procedures to volunteers seated on the grass.

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-50

Self-defense.  Volunteers practice nonviolent self-defense. 

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-51

Self-defense (2).  Volunteers practice nonviolent self-defense - closer view.

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-52

Volunteers and others.  Volunteers laughing with several news media representatives (?) during instruction in nonviolent self-defense.

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-53

Self-defense (3). Volunteers practicing nonviolent self-defense.

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-54

Self-defense (4).  Volunteers practicing nonviolent self-defense.

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-55

Ladner addresses volunteers.  SNCC Field Secretary Dorie Ladner from Palmers Crossing, Mississippi speaks impassionedly to the volunteers in the session on nonviolent self-defense. Note: Until this point the volunteers have been behaving as if they were at a picnic; Ladner may be reminding them of the deadly seriousness of being a Freedom Summer volunteer in Mississippi, where activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman have just disappeared and were most probably murdered. To the left is Carolyn Reese, a teacher in the Detroit, Michigan public school system. She and her husband Arthur Reese will serve as Co-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project.

DORIE LADNER

CAROLYN REESE

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-56

Ladner addresses volunteers (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Dorie Ladner from Palmers Crossing, Mississippi speaks impassionedly to the volunteers in the session on nonviolent self-defense. Note: Until this point the volunteers have been behaving as if they were at a picnic; Ladner may be reminding them of the deadly seriousness of being a Freedom Summer volunteer in Mississippi, where activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman have just disappeared and were most probably murdered. To the left is Carolyn Reese, a teacher in the Detroit, Michigan public school system. She and her husband Arthur Reese will serve as CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project.

DORIE LADNER

CAROLYN REESE

WESTERN COLLEGE

NONVIOLENCE

M351-57

Dorie Ladner.   SNCC Field Secretary Dorie Ladner from Palmers Crossing, Mississippi sits dejectedly after speaking impassionedly to the volunteers in the session on nonviolent self-defense. Note: Until this point the volunteers have been behaving as if they were at a picnic; Ladner may have reminded them of the deadly seriousness of being a Freedom Summer volunteer in Mississippi, where activists Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman have just disappeared and were most probably murdered.

DORIE LADNER

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-58

Reagon and Gordon address volunteers.  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (left) and Bruce Gordon (light) talk to volunteers during the nonviolent self-defense session. Visible through Reagon's bent arm is Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) who will do voter registration work in the Hattiesburg project.

JACOB BLUM

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-59

Gordon and volunteers.  SNCC Field Secretary Bruce Gordon stands listening to a African-American male to volunteers in the nonviolent self-defense session. Visible to the right of Gordon, wearing sunglasses, is Mississippi activist Ralthus Hayes.

BRUCE GORDON

RALTHUS HAYES

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-60

Reagon and Gordon demonstrate self-defense (4).  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (light colored pants) and Bruce Gordon (dark colored pants).  They demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures to volunteers seated on the grass. The man with a camera seated on the right is possibly SNCC staff photographer Tomio 'Tom' Wakayama.

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

TOMIO WAKAYAMA (?)

WESTERNCOLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-61

Reagon and Gordon demonstrate self-defense (5).  SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (in straw hat) and Bruce Gordon (standing behind Reagon).  They demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures with the assistance of a Caucasian female volunteer rolled into a ball on the ground and protecting her head with her arms. Standing in the left background is Mississippi activist Ralthus Hayes.

BRUCE GORDON

RALTHUS HAYES

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERNCOLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

M351-62

Demonstration of nonviolent self-defense.   SNCC Field Secretaries Cordell Hull Reagon (in straw hat) and Bruce Gordon (standing to Reagon's right) demonstrate nonviolent self-defense procedures with the assistance of a Caucasian female volunteer rolled into a ball on the ground and protecting her head with her arms.

BRUCE GORDON

CORDELL HULL REAGON

WESTERNCOLLEGE

SNCC

NONVIOLENCE

 

63-69 Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964- volunteers playing touch football

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-63

Recreation (2).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-64

Recreation (3).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-65

Recreation (4).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-66

Recreation (5).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-67

Recreation (6).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-68

Recreation (7).  Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-69

Volunteers play touch football.   Volunteers playing touch football on the Western College campus.

WESTERN COLLEGE

 

70-83 Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964- volunteers outdoors, alone or in small groups

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M351-70

Dorie Ladner (2).   Dorie Ladner relaxes on the grass during the second Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Orientation Session at Western College for Women; Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-71

Male volunteer (3).  Caucasian male volunteer sitting cross-legged.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-72

Female volunteer (2).  Caucasian female volunteer sitting on grass.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-73

Female volunteer (3).  Caucasian female volunteer sitting on grass. 

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-74

Quiet time.   Three pairs of volunteers sit talking or reading on grass. James Garrett is in the center foreground.

JAMES GARRETT

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-75

Volunteers (2).  African-American female volunteer and Caucasian male volunteer sit quietly on grass.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-76

Hayes and Gould talking.  Two adult males talk together outdoors. They are identified by their name tags as Ralthus Hayes from Mississippi (left) and Dick Gould from California (right).

DICK GOULD

RALTHUS HAYES

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-77

Rest and relaxation.   Caucasian female volunteer and African-American male volunteer sit talking on the grass.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-78

Volunteers (3).  Caucasian female volunteer and African-American male volunteer sit talking on the grass - closer view.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-79

Relaxing on grass.   Four Caucasian adult women rest on the grass. Annie Devine may be on the far left.

ANNIE DEVINE (?)

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-80

Volunteers relaxing.  Caucasian female volunteer sits reading on the grass while a African-American male volunteer relaxes on a bench.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-81

Male volunteer reading.  Caucasian male volunteer sits reading under a tree.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-82

Volunteers relaxing (2).  Two volunteers sit on the grass; one is playing a guitar.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-83

Female volunteer (4).  African-American female volunteer stands on the grass smiling.

WESTERN COLLEGE

 

84-91 Second SNCC Orientation Session, Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio, June 22-27, 1964- close-ups of individuals

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M351-84

Male volunteer (4).  African-American male - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-85

African-American volunteer, close-up.   African-American male - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-86

African-American volunteer, close-up (2).   African-American male - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-87

Dr. Staughton Lynd, close-up.   Dr. Staughton Lynd (Yale University), Director of the Freedom Schools in the Freedom Summer project - close-up.

STAUGHTON LYND

WESTERN COLLEGE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-88

Male volunteer (5).  African-American male - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-89

Elderly African-American man, close-up.   Elderly African-American male - close-up.

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-90

Mississippiactivist Anne Devine (?) - close-up.

ANNIE DEVINE (?)

WESTERN COLLEGE

M351-91

Bob Zellner and Fannie Lou Hamer.  SNCC Field Secretary Bob Zellner (?).  Zellner was SNCC's first Caucasian Field Secretary from the South (Alabama), and Mississippi activist Fannie Lou Hamer, taken in the Western College cafeteria - close-up.

FANNIE LOU HAMER

BOB ZELLNER (?)

WESTERN COLLEGE

SNCC

 

SUB-SERIES 2, Prints #92-173: Freedom Summer begins in Hattiesburg, Miss.: volunteers' cars damaged by gunfire; arrival of volunteers; Vernon Dahmer's July 4 fish fry; late June-early July, 1964 

 

92-108 Volunteers' cars damaged by gunfire, late June-early July, 1964

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Identifications

M351-92

Bullet hole in grille (2).  A male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the grille of a Saab, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg. The car is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-93a

Bullet hole in grille.   A male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the grille of a Saab, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg. The car is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-94

Bullet hole in grille (3).  A male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the grille of a Saab, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg. The car is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Close-up of grille with volunteer's pointing finger.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-95

Bullet hole in grille (4).  A male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the grille of a Saab, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg. The car is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Close-up of grille.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-96

Bullet hole in grille (5).  A male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the grille of a Saab, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg. The car is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Close-up of grille from inside engine.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-97

Vehicle damaged by gunfire.  View from rear of Saab with grille damaged by gunfire. The car, in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg, is parked opposite Freedom Summer project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street, which was also the headquarters of Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-98

Bullet hole.   A Caucasian male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the front of a car parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. Fairley was President of the Forrest County NAACP.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-99

Bullet hole (2).  A Caucasian male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the front of a car parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-100

Bullet hole (3).  A Caucasian male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the front of a car parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-101

Bullet hole (4).  A Caucasian male volunteer points to a bullet hole in the front of a car parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-102

Bullet hole - close-up.  Close-up of bullet hole in the front of a car parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. 

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-103

Vehicle damaged by gunfire - close-up.  Close-up of car engine showing damage from gunfire.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-104

Vehicle damaged by gunfire - close-up (2).  Close-up of car engine showing damage from gunfire.

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-105

African-American child standing by car.   One African-American child with the car damaged by gunfire parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. In the background is Bourn's Grocery and Market located at 523 Mobile Street.

J.C. FAIRLEY

BOURN'S GROCERY & MARKET

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-106

Surveying the damaged vehicle.  Two African-American teenagers with the car damaged by gunfire parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. The teenager looking at the engine is David Otis Wilson.

J.C. FAIRLEY

DAVID OTIS WILSON

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-107

Surveying the damaged vehicle (2).  A teenager and a little boy with the car damaged by gunfire parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. The teenager looking at the engine is David Otis Wilson.

J.C. FAIRLEY

DAVID OTIS WILSON

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

M351-108

Surveying the damaged vehicle (3).  A teenager and a little boy with the car damaged by gunfire parked at the side of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service in the Negro Masonic Lodge building at 522 Mobile Street. The teenager looking at the engine is David Otis Wilson.

J.C. FAIRLEY

DAVID OTIS WILSON

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

VIOLENCE

 

109-117 Owners of damaged cars, late June-early July, 1964

M351-109

Male volunteer, owner of damaged vehicle.  Close-up of the blonde male volunteer who owned the Saab damaged by gunfire, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg.

VIOLENCE

M351-110

Male volunteer, owner of damaged vehicle (2).  Close-up of the blonde male volunteer who owned the Saab damaged by gunfire, the car in which Herbert Randall rode with Caucasian volunteers from the SNCC orientation session in Oxford, Ohio to Hattiesburg.

VIOLENCE

M351-111

Male volunteer, owner of damage vehicle (3).  Close-up of Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned a car damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-112

Male volunteer, owner of damaged vehicle (4).  Close-up of Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned a car damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-113

Male volunteer, owner of damaged vehicle (5).  Close-up of Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned a car damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-114

Owners of damaged vehicles.  Close-up of blonde male volunteer and Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned the two cars damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-115

Owners of damaged vehicles (2).  Close-up of blonde male volunteer and Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned the two cars damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-116

Owners of damaged vehicles (3).  Close-up of blonde male volunteer and Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned the two cars damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

M351-117

Owners of damaged vehicles (4).  Close-up of blonde male volunteer and Caucasian brunette male volunteer who owned the two cars damaged by gunfire.

VIOLENCE

 

118-122 Volunteers arrive in Hattiesburg, late June-early July, 1964

M351-118

Volunteers arrive (2).  Four Caucasian female volunteers arrive, assisted by local African-American teenager Howard 'Poochie' Mobley. Their car is parked in the 500 block of Mobile Street near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Two of the volunteers have been tentatively identified as SNCC Field Secretary Sheila Michaels, who served as Project Manager, and volunteer Mary McGroarty.

MARY MCGROARTY (?)

SHEILA MICHAELS (?)

HOWARD MOBLEY

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC (?)

M351-119

Volunteers arrive.   Three Caucasian female volunteers arrive on Mobile Street, near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. The one in the center has been tentatively identified as SNCC Field Secretary Sheila Michaels, who served as Project Manager.

SHEILA MICHAELS (?)

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC (?)

M351-120

Volunteers arrive (3).  Two volunteers are on either side of the open trunk of a car, in which sits local teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project. On the left is volunteer Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York), who served as Communications Director of the project.

TERRI SHAW

DOUG SMITH

M351-121

Volunteers arrive (4).  Two volunteers are on either side of the open trunk of a car, in which sits local teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project. On the left is volunteer Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York), who served as Communications Director of the project.

TERRI SHAW

DOUG SMITH

M351-122

Volunteers arrive (5).  Two volunteers are on either side of the open trunk of a car, in which sits local teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project. On the left is volunteer Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York), who served as Communications Director of the project.

TERRI SHAW

DOUG SMITH

 

123-128 Volunteers gather at the fish fry given by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement located just north of Hattiesburg on July 4, 1964, Independence Day, the official beginning of Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg

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M351-123

Dahmer fish fry. Standing with local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley, President of the Forrest County NAACP, are Freedom Summer volunteers (left to right) Bob "Soda Pop" Ehrenreich (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?; voter registration), Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; a refugee from Nazi Germany; Freedom School teacher), Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York; Communications Director of the Hattiesburg project), and Doug Tuchman (New York City; Freedom School teacher). Taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on Independence Day. 

VERNON DAHMER

BOB EHRENREICH

J.C. FAIRLEY

TERRI SHAW

DOUG TOUCHMAN

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-124

"Register Now".   A group of Freedom Summer volunteers stand in front of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's car, on the bumper of which is a sticker that reads "Register Now." Those identified in the photograph are: Patricia Von Yorck (back to camera), Joseph Ellin (standing across from Von York and wearing glasses), Bob "Soda Pop" Ehrenreich (right of Von Yorck, wearing glasses and a hat), and Terri Shaw (in between Ellin and Ehrenreich). Behind them is a car and house owned by the Beard family and a group of local people standing in the front yard. This photograph was taken at a fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property in the Kelly Settlement, north of Hattiesburg, Mississippi, on July 4, 1964. The event marked the official beginning of Freedom Summer in Hattiesburg.

VERNON DAHMER

BOB EHRENREICH

JOSEPH ELLIN

J.C. FAIRLEY

TERRI SHAW

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-125

Arthur and Carolyn Reese at Dahmer fish fry.  Arthur and Carolyn Reese (principal and teacher in the Detroit, Michigan public schools), Co-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stand near a car at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-126

Freedom Summer workers at Dahmer fish fry.  Freedom Summer workers standing behind a car are (left to right) Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; a refugee from Nazi Germany; Freedom School teacher), Bob "Soda Pop" Ehrenreich (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?; voter registration), volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College), and Doug Tuchman (New York City; Freedom School teacher). Taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on Independence Day. 

LORNE CRESS

VERNON DAHMER

MARION DAVIDSON

BOB EHRENREICH

DOUG TOUCHMAN

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-127

Volunteers at Dahmer fish fry.  Volunteers in a car at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on Independence Day.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-128

Volunteers at Dahmer fish fry (2).  A group of Freedom Summer workers including (left to right) volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College), Freedom School teacher Patricia yorck (Port Washington, New York; a refugee from Nazi Germany; back to camera), Bob "Soda Pop" Ehrenreich (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?; voter registration), and Freedom School teacher Joseph Ellin (professor in the Philosophy Department at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo; wearing glasses) stands behind three cars full of volunteers. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LORNE CRESS

VERNON DAHMER

MARION DAVIDSON

BOB EHRENREICH

JOSEPH ELLIN

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

 

129-134 Doug Smith drives tractor pulling flat bed of volunteers and local African-American residents at Vernon Dahmer's fish fry, July 4, 1964

M351-129

Tractor ride at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) drives one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors pulling a flat bed on which sits a group of volunteers and local people. Standing (left to right) are volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), local African-American residents Melvin Sanders and Yvonne Connor, and Freedom School teacher Doug Tuchman (New York City). Among those sitting on the flat bed are local African-American residents Lana Beard, Anita Dabbs, Cary Fielder, and Johnny Gould. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LANA BEARD

YVONNE CONNOR

LORNE CRESS

ANITA DABBS

VERNON DAHMER

CARYFIELDER

JOHNNY GOULD

MELVIN SANDERS

DOUG SMITH

DOUG TOUCHMAN

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-130

Tractor ride at Dahmer fish fry.   Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) drives one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors pulling a flat bed on which sits a group of volunteers and local African-American residents:Freedom Schools Co-Coordinator Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal; holding a radio), COFO-Hattiesburg Communications Director Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York; barely visible behind Reese), COFO-Hattiesburg Project Director and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City; with his feet hanging off the right side of the flat bed), Freedom School teacher Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; to the right of Leigh), and Freedom School teacher Susan Patterson (Buffalo, New York; a student at Cornell University; wearing sun glasses at far right).To the right of Doug Smith on the tractor is Vernon Dahmer's son Dennis. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

DENNIS DAHMER

VERNON DAHMER

SANDY LEIGH

SUSAN PATTERSON

ARTHUR REESE

TERRI SHAW

DOUG SMITH

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-131

Tractor ride at Dahmer fish fry (3).  Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) drives one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors pulling a flat bed on which sits a group of volunteers and local African-American residents. One of those standing is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), wearing a hat and a striped top. Among the local African-American residents seated are Lana Beard, Jerry Blackmon, Harry Eaton, Andrew Harris, and Eddie Lee Taylor. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LANA BEARD

JERRY BLACKMON

LORNE CRESS

VERNONDAHMER

HARRY EATON

ANDREW HARRIS

DOUG SMITH

EDDIE LEE TAYLOR

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-132

Tractor ride at Dahmer fish fry (4).  Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) drives one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors pulling a flat bed on which sits a group of volunteers and local African-American residents. Local African-American activist Ulysses Everett sits on the left side of the flat bed. Next to him, wearing sunglasses is volunteer Dick Landerman (West Hartford, Connecticut; a student at Duke University; voter registration).On the right side of the flat bed are (front to rear) Arthur and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan; school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Hattiesburg Freedom Schools, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project. Just visible behind them is Freedom School teacher Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York).On the tractor on Doug Smith's left is Dennis Dahmer. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

DENNIS DAHMER

VERNON DAHMER

ULYSSES EVERETT

DICK LANDERMAN

SANDY LEIGH

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

DOUG SMITH

PATRICIA YORCK

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-133

Volunteers and locals at Dahmer fish fry.   Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) sits behind the wheel of one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors. Immediately behind him is Mr. Dahmer's son Dennis and to Dennis' right is his friend Alfonso Harris. Sitting on the tractor engine is Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), and standing beside the tractor is Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LORNE CRESS

DENNIS DAHMER

VERNON DAHMER

ALFONSO HARRIS

DENISE JACKSON

DOUG SMITH

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-134

Volunteers and locals at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Local teenager Doug Smith (Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project) sits behind the wheel of one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors. Immediately behind him is Mr. Dahmer's son Dennis and to Dennis' right is his friend Alfonso Harris. Sitting on the tractor engine is Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), and standing beside the tractor is Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project. Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LORNE CRESS

DENNIS DAHMER

VERNON DAHMER

ALFONSO HARRIS

DENISE JACKSON

DOUG SMITH

KELLY SETTLEMENT

 

135-143 Volunteers and local African-American residents enjoy Vernon Dahmer's fish fry, July 4, 1964

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-135

Vernon Dahmer and volunteers.  Local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer shows a cotton plant to volunteers (from right to left) Susan Patterson (New York City; a student at Cornell University; Freedom School teacher) and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan; Freedom School teacher). Taken at local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer's fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

SUSAN PATTERSON

PETER WERNER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-136

Vernon Dahmer and volunteers (2).  Local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer (in pith helmet) hosts Freedom Summer workers at his fish fry for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Sitting on the flat bed wearing a kerchief is SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College) and volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University; voter registration). Standing on the far right is local black resident Addie Ruth White. The fish were fried in the large black kettles.

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

MARION DAVIDSON

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-137

Gathering at Dahmer fish fry.   Volunteers and local African-American residents enjoy the fish fry given for them on July 4 by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement. In the foreground are (left to right) Freedom School teacher Susan Patterson (Buffalo, New York; a student at Cornell University) and local African-American residents Marie Blalock (back to camera) and Addie Ruth White. Behind Mrs. Blalock is Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College). Sitting on the back of the truck, wearing glasses, is Freedom School teacher Joseph Ellin (professor of philosophy, Western Michigan University) and standing next to him is his wife Nancy Ellin, who taught in the Freedom Schools and supervised the Hattiesburg Freedom Libraries. The fish were fried in the large black kettles.

MARIE BLALOCK

VERNONDAHMER

JOSEPH ELLIN

NANCY ELLIN

DENISE JACKSON

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-138

Gathering at Dahmer fish fry (2). Volunteers and local African-American residents enjoy the fish fry given for them on July 4 by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement. Standing at far left is local African-American resident Andrew Charles Blalock. Sitting on the back of the truck, the Caucasian man wearing glasses, is Freedom School teacher Joseph Ellin (professor of philosophy, Western Michigan University) and standing next to him is his wife Nancy Ellin, who taught in the Freedom Schools and supervised the Hattiesburg Freedom Libraries. Sitting on the flat bed are SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College) and volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University; voter registration).The fish were fried in the large black kettles.

ANDREW CHARLES BLALOCK

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

MARION DAVIDSON

JOSEPH ELLIN

NANCY ELLIN

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-139

Children at Dahmer fish fry.   The two little boys of Reverend Bob Beech, Director of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, part of the voter registration drive sponsored by the National Council of Churches, reach for cold drinks in a Coca-Cola cooler at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. The woman with the dark purse is local African-American resident Willie Mae Backstrom.

WILLIE MAY BACKSTROM

REVEREND BOB BEECH

DANNY BEECH

EDDY BEECH

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-140

Socializing at Dahmer fish fry.   Freedom Summer workers and local residents enjoy the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Sitting on the steps, wearing a cap, is volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan; school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg Freedom Schools. Standing at the picnic table is local African-American resident Addie Ruth White and sitting on another table is SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College).

VERNON DAHMER

MARION DAVIDSON

ARTHUR REESE

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SNCC

M351-141

Hattiesburg residents at Dahmer fish fry.  Local African-American residents enjoy the fish fry hosted by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-142

Hattiesburg residents at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Local African-American residents and a volunteer enjoy the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-143

Standing around the cooler.   Standing around the Coca-Cola cooler at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4 are volunteers 'Big Daddy', wearing a towel around his neck, and Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College; Freedom School teacher). 

'BIG DADDY'

VERNON DAHMER

DENISE JACKSON

KELLY SETTLEMENT

 

144-151 Individuals at Vernon Dahmer's fish fry, July 4, 1964

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-144

Guest at Dahmer fish fry.   One of the guests at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-145

Guests at Dahmer fish fry.   Caucasian female guest and African-American male guest at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. The female is probably a volunteer and the male a local resident.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-146

Volunteers at Dahmer fish fry (3).  A Caucasian female volunteer sits on one of Vernon Dahmer's tractors and a Caucasian male volunteer stands talking with her at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-147

Child at Dahmer fish fry (1)   A local African-American child and other guests at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-148

Denise Jackson at Dahmer fish fry. Volunteers sit on the grass and talk quietly at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the right foreground is Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College). In the rear is Freedom School teacher Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota).

VERNON DAHMER

DENISE JACKSON

BETH MORE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-149

Guests at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Three worried looking African-American male teenagers at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. They are (left to right) a member of the Taylor or Tatum family, a member of the Ducksworth family, and Be Harris. Local African-American resident Addie Ruth White sits on a chair at the left.

VERNON DAHMER

________ DUCKSWORTH

BE HARRIS

________ TATUM

________ TAYLOR

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-150

Addie Rith White at Dahmer fish fry.  Local African-American resident Addie Ruth White relaxes on a chair at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-151

Lana and Lorna Beard at Dahmer fish fry.  Lana Beard and Lorna Beard, the nieces of local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer, at the fish fry given by Dahmer for the volunteers on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

LANA BEARD

LORNA BEARD

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

 

152-154 Local African-American children at Vernon Dahmer's fish fry, July 4, 1964

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-152

Children at Dahmer fish fry (2). Local African-American children at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Regina Balam is in the center and her sister Della Balam is at the right.

DELLA BALAM

REGINA BALAM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-153

Child at Dahmer fish fry (2).   Local African-American child Della Balam peers from behind a wooden post at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

DELLA BALAM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-154

Child at Dahmer fish fry (3).  Local African-American child Della Balam bending over at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

DELLA BALAM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

 

155-165 Singing at Vernon Dahmer's fish fry, July 4, 1964

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-155

Socializing at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Volunteers and local African-American residents enjoy the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Some of the volunteers are Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan; Freedom School teacher), Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University; voter registration), Joseph Ellin (professor of philosophy at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo; Freedom School teacher), and Stanley Zibulsky (Brooklyn, New York; Freedom School teacher sponsored by the United Federation of Teachers).

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

JOSEPH ELLIN

PETER WERNER

STANLEYZIBULSKY

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-156

Singing at Dahmer fish fry.  A Caucasian female plays the guitar and sings probably Freedom Songs at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. She is accompanied by local African-American residents including, sitting behind her, Mr. Dahmer's nieces Lana Beard (left) and Lorna Beard (right).

LANA BEARD

LORNA BEARD

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-157

Singing at Dahmer fish fry (3).  Local African-American residents sing with volunteers at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the foreground are volunteer 'Big Daddy' (with towel around neck); Bob 'Soda Pop' Ehrenreich (wearing sailor's cap), a voter registration volunteer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (?); and local African-American teenager Sandra Blalock (in striped shorts). In the background are local African-American residents Marie Blalock (standing far left) and Addie Ruth White (seated on chair) and Freedom School teacher Stanley Zibulsky (Brooklyn, New York).

'BIG DADDY'

MARIE BLALOCK

SANDRA BLALOCK

BOB EHRENREICH

VERNON DAHMER

ADDIE RUTH WHITE

STANLEYZIBULSKY

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-158

Singing at Dahmer fish fry (2).   Local African-American residents sing probably Freedom Songs at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the left foreground is local African-American resident Ulysses Everett, who worked in the Laurel project. On his left is local African-American teenager Sandra Blalock.

SANDRA BLALOCK

VERNON DAHMER

ULYSSES EVERETT

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-159

Singing at Dahmer fish fry (4).  Local African-American residents sing probably Freedom Songs at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the left foreground is local African-American resident Ulysses Everett, who worked in the Laurel project. On his left is local African-American teenager Sandra Blalock.

SANDRA BLALOCK

VERNON DAHMER

ULYSSES EVERETT

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-160

Singing with onlookers at Dahmer fish fry.   Local residents sing with volunteers at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the center foreground is Bob 'Soda Pop' Ehrenreich (wearing sailor's cap), a voter registration volunteer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (?). Above him is local African-American resident Marie Blalock and above her Freedom School teacher Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota). Also in the photograph is local African-American resident Johnnie Pearl Watts.

MARIE BLALOCK

BOB EHRENREICH

VERNON DAHMER

BETH MORE

JOHNNIE PEARL WATTS

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-161

Singing at Dahmer fish fry (5).  Volunteers sing probably Freedom Songs at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the background are voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) (far left) and 'Big Daddy' (center).

'BIG DADDY'

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-162

More singing at Dahmer fish fry.   Local African-American residents sing with volunteers at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. In the foreground is Bob 'Soda Pop' Ehrenreich (wearing sailor's cap), a voter registration volunteer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (?). Above him is local African-American resident Marie Blalock. Also in the photograph is local African-American resident Johnnie Pearl Watts.

MARIE BLALOCK

BOB EHRENREICH

VERNON DAHMER

JOHNNIE PEARL WATTS

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-163

More singing at Dahmer fish fry (2).   A Caucasian female folksinger (?) plays the guitar and sings probably Freedom Songs at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' sits behind her.

'BIG DADDY'

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

FOLKSINGERS (?)

SINGING

M351-164

Jacob Blum at Dahmer fish fry.  Voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (a Yale University student from Roslyn Heights, New York) plays the guitar at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' is behind him.

'BIG DADDY'

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

M351-165

Jacob Blum at Dahmer fish fry (2).  Voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (a Yale University student from Roslyn Heights, New York) plays the guitar at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' is behind him.

'BIG DADDY'

JACOB BLUM

VERNON DAHMER

KELLY SETTLEMENT

SINGING

 

166-168 Herbert Randall and Victoria Jackson Gray

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-166

Herbert Randall.  The only photograph (except for his reflection in a window in prints #346 and 537) in this collection of photographer Herbert Randall (New York City), possibly taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

HERBERT RANDALL

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-167

Victoria Jackson Gray.   Local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) ticket. Possibly taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

KELLY SETTLEMENT

M351-168

Victoria Jackson Gray (2).  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) ticket. Possibly taken at the fish fry given for the volunteers by local civil rights leader Vernon Dahmer on his property at the Kelly Settlement on July 4.

VERNON DAHMER

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

KELLY SETTLEMENT

 

169-173 In front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street, early July (?) 1964

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-169

Carolyn Reese at Freedom Summer headquarters.  Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), Co-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project's Freedom Schools, in front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street - close-up.

CAROLYN REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-170

Three African-American civil rights activists.   Three activists - one local, one professional, one volunteer - meet outside Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street:(left to right) Reverend W.D. Ridgeway, pastor of True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg; SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project; and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project's Freedom Schools. Behind them is a sign promoting Victoria Jackson Gray's candidacy for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket. Gray's headquarters were also located at 507 Mobile Street.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

SANDY LEIGH

CAROLYN REESE

REVEREND WD RIDGEWAY

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SNCC

M351-171

Reverend Ridgeway and Sandy Leigh in front of Freedom Summer headquarters.  Reverend WD Ridgeway, pastor of True Light Baptist Church of Hattiesburg, shakes hands with SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, in front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

SANDY LEIGH

REVEREND WD RIDGEWAY

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-172

Singing outside Freedom House.   Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands in front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. The young woman in the striped top is Barbara Ann Johnson. In the foreground is Bessie Houze.

BESSIE HOUZE

BARBARA ANN JOHNSON

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SINGING

M351-173

Singing outside Freedom House (2).  Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands in front of Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. The young woman in the striped top is Barbara Ann Johnson. In the foreground are Bessie Houze (left) and Janice Walton (right).

BESSIE HOUZE

BARBARA ANN JOHNSON

JANICE WALTON

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SINGING

 

SUB-SERIES 3, Prints #174-179:Beating of Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld, July 10, 1964

 

174-179 Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld immediately after having been beaten, July 10, 1964

 

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-174

Lelyveld beating (2).  Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, sitting stunned and bloodied on a bench immediately after having been beaten with volunteers Lawrence Spears and David Owen on July 10.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-175

Lelyveld beating.   Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project,sitting stunned and bloodied on a bench immediately after having been beaten on July 10.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-176

Owen injury.   Voter registration volunteer David Owen (Pasadena, California; a student at Oberlin College) having his head injury treated after having been beaten along with Rabbi Lelyveld on July 10.

DAVID OWEN

VIOLENCE

M351-177

Casey Hayden, close-up.   Casey Hayden, SNCC staff from SNCC headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia - close-up.

CASEY HAYDEN

SNCC

M351-178

Dona Richards Moses, close-up.   Dona Richards Moses, SNCC Field Secretary and wife of SNCC Field Secretary Bob Moses, Director of the Freedom Summer project - close-up.

DONA RICHARDS MOSES

SNCC

M351-179

Dona Richards Moses, close-up (2).  Dona Richards Moses, SNCC Field Secretary and wife of SNCC Field Secretary Bob Moses, Director of the Freedom Summer project - close-up.

DONA RICHARDS MOSES

SNCC

 

SUB-SERIES 4, Prints #180-187:Day after the beating of Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld, July 11, 1964

 

180-187 Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld, Lawrence Spears, and David Owen the day following the beating, July 11, 1964

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-180

Lelyveld leaving hospital (2).  Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, leaving Methodist Hospital in a wheelchair on July 11 after having been beaten the day before with volunteers Lawrence Spears and David Owen.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

METHODIST HOSPITAL

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-181

Lelyveld leaving hospital.   Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, leaving Methodist Hospital in a wheelchair on July 11 after having been beaten the day before. He holds a Jewish prayer book given to him by a Jewish resident of Hattiesburg as a nurse pushes his wheelchair.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

METHODIST HOSPITAL

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-182

Owen, Lelyveld, and Spears (2).  Three bandaged activists:(left to right) Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and voter registration volunteers Lawrence Spears (Palo Alto, California; a student at Stanford University) and David Owen (Pasadena, California; a student at Oberlin College) on July 11, the day following their assault. They are standing in the 600 block of Mobile Street near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

DAVID OWEN

LAWRENCE SPEARS

MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-183

Lelyveld leaving hospital (3).  Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, being assisted into a car upon leaving Methodist Hospital on July 11 after having been beaten the day before.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

METHODIST HOSPITAL

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-184

Lelyveld leaving hospital (4).  Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, being assisted into a car upon leaving Methodist Hospital on July 11 after having been beaten the day before.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

METHODIST HOSPITAL

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-185

Lelyveld at the Ministers Project headquarters.  Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, standing with others outside the Ministers Project's headquarters at 522 Mobile Street on July 11 after having been beaten the day before.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-186

Owen, Lelyveld, and Spears (3).  Three bandaged activists: (left to right) Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and voter registration volunteers Lawrence Spears (Palo Alto, California; a student at Stanford University) and David Owen (Pasadena, California; a student at Oberlin College) on July 11, the day following their assault. They are standing in the 600 block of Mobile Street near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

DAVID OWEN

LAWRENCE SPEARS

MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

M351-187

Owen, Lelyveld, and Spears.  Three bandaged activists:(left to right) Rabbi Arthur J. Lelyveld (Cleveland, Ohio), a minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and voter registration volunteers David Owen (Pasadena, California; a student at Oberlin College) and Lawrence Spears (Palo Alto, California; a student at Stanford University) on July 11, the day following their assault. They are standing in the 600 block of Mobile Street near Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

RABBI ARTHUR J. LELYVELD

DAVID OWEN

LAWRENCE SPEARS

MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

VIOLENCE

 

C02 ID=SUBSERIES5 LEVEL=SUBSERIES SUB-SERIES 5, Prints #188-226:Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, July 1964

 

188-193 Freedom School classes 

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M351-188

Carolyn Reese teaches Freedom School class.   Volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, teaches a Freedom School class in a room with square pillars in an African-American church in Hattiesburg. The students include Aljorie, Sharon, and Velisa Clark and two sons of the McFarland family. Jackie McFarland is closest to the camera.

ALJORIE CLARK

SHARON CLARK

VELISA CLARK

JACKIE MCFARLAND

________MCFARLAND

CAROLYN REESE

________CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-189b

Carolyn Reese teaches Freedom School class (2).   Volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher ), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, teaches a Freedom School class in a room with square pillars in an African-American church in Hattiesburg. The students include Aljorie, Sharon (second from right), and Velisa Clark and two sons of the McFarland family. Jackie McFarland is at the far right.

ALJORIE CLARK

SHARON CLARK

VELISA CLARK

JACKIE MCFARLAND

________MCFARLAND

CAROLYN REESE

________CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-190

Carolyn Reese teaches Freedom School class (3).  Volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher ), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, teaches a Freedom School class in a room with square pillars in an African-American church in Hattiesburg. The students include two daughters of the Clark family.

________ CLARK

________ CLARK

CAROLYN REESE

________CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-191

Clarksisters.   The Clark sisters, students in a Freedom School class taught by volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, in a room with square pillars in an African-American church in Hattiesburg.

________ CLARK

________ CLARK

CAROLYN REESE

________CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-192

FreedomSchoolstudent and teacher.  Teenaged male Freedom School student with teacher tentatively identified as Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

PAULA PACE (?)

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-193

FreedomSchoolstudents.   FreedomSchoolstudents Sally and Essie Amerson with teacher tentatively identified as Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

ESSIE AMERSON

SALLY AMERSON

PAULA PACE (?)

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

194-199 Freedom School teachers at project headquarters

Print #

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M351-194

Denise Jackson, close-up (2).  Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg - close-up.

DENISE JACKSON

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-195

Denise Jackson, close-up (3).  Freedom School teacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg - close-up.

DENISE JACKSON

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-196

Denise Jackson, close-up.   FreedomSchoolteacher Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg - close-up.

DENISE JACKSON

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-197

Arthur Reese close-up.   Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

ARTHUR REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-198

Patricia Yorck.  Volunteer Patricia Yorck (?) (Port Washington, New York; a student at Skidmore College) in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Yorck was a Freedom School teacher at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

PATRICIA YORCK (?)

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-199

Male volunteer in project headquarters.  Caucasian male volunteer. Taken probably in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS (?)

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

 

200-225 Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, 900 Spencer Street, Hattiesburg

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M351-200

Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).   Caucasian female Freedom School teacher meets with her class on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. One of the women standing at the left is local African-American resident Rosalie Coates. Student James Harris sits on the low brick wall. Other students include Deborah Carr, Carolyn Ann Conner, and Lynette York.

DEBORAH CARR

ROSALIE COATES

CAROLYN ANN CONNER

JAMES HARRIS

LYNETTE YORK

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-201

Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Caucasian female Freedom School teacher meets with her class on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Students include Deborah Carr, Carolyn Ann Conner, and Lynette York.

DEBORAH CARR

CAROLYN ANN CONNER

LYNETTE YORK

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-202

Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (3).  Caucasian female Freedom School teacher meets with her class on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg - close-up. Student Carolyn Ann Conner is closest to the camera.

CAROLYN ANN CONNER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-203

Freedom School students.  Students in a Freedom School class meet on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Among the students are Gwen Bourne, Deborah Carr, and Shirley Funchess.

GWEN BOURNE

DEBORAH CARR

SHIRLEY FUNCHESS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-204

Freedom School students (2).  Students in a Freedom School class meet on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. The boy making a face at the camera is a member of the Hicks family.

________ HICKS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-205

Julius Lester performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Folksinger Julius Lester (New York City) sings and plays his guitar for Freedom School students while seated on the steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Students standing on the left (left to right) are Jessie Ann May, Glenda Funchess, and Gloria May. Seated foreground is Valmina [Blackmon?].

VALMINA [BLACKMON?]

GLENDA FUNCHESS

JULIUS LESTER

GLORIA MAY

JESSIE ANN MAY

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

FOLKSINGERS

M351-206

Julius Lester performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Folksinger Julius Lester (New York City) sings and plays his guitar for Freedom School students while seated on the steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Belinda Cooper is one of the students.

BELINDA COOPER

JULIUS LESTER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

FOLKSINGERS

M351-207

Freedom School students (3).  Teenaged students write at their desks in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. In the foreground are (left to right) Margaret Dwight and Alice Dwight.

ALICE DWIGHT

MARGARET DWIGHT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-208

Margaret Dwight and James Hicks.  Teenaged students Margaret Dwight and James Hicks write at their desks in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

MARGARET DWIGHT

JAMES HICKS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-209

Freedom School students (4).  Teenaged students (left to right) Sallie Amerson and Margaret Dwight write at their desks in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

SALLIE AMERSON

MARGARET DWIGHT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-210

Lillie Dwight.  Teenaged student Lillie Dwight writes at her desk in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg - close-up.

LILLIE DWIGHT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-211

Dwight reads at Freedom School.  One of the Dwight sisters reads in a straight-back chair in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

________ DWIGHT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-212

Writing in Freedom School.   Student Dorothy Duncan writes at a desk in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

DOROTHY DUNCAN

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-213

"Join the Freedom Press".  Two young female Freedom School students stand in a doorway beside a sign that reads "Join the Freedom Press" at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. One of the students is Belinda Cooper.

BELINDA COOPER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-214

Freedom School students (5).  Four Freedom School students participate in class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. One of the students is Shirley Funchess. Mattie McFarland is at the left rear.

SHIRLEY FUNCHESS

MATTIE MCFARLAND

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-215

Freedom School students speak up.   Four male Freedom School students speak up in class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Second from left is Charles Ray Leggett. The other students are Chip Benton, Pete Jordan, and a member of the Goudy family.

CHIP BENTON

________ GOUDY

PETE JORDAN

CHARLES RAY LEGGETT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-216

Typing in Freedom School.   A male Freedom School student works at a desk with a typewriter, possibly writing articles for the school newspaper, in a room over the entrance to Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-217

Freedom School students typing.   Two male Freedom School students work at a desk with a typewriter, possibly writing articles for the school newspaper, in a room over the entrance to Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-218

Mt. Zionstudents (2).  Two female students participate in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-219

Mt. Zionstudents (3).  Two female students participate in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Ramona Bryant is at the left.

RAMONA BRYANT

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-220

Mt. Zionstudents.   Three female students participate in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Ramona Bryant is at the left.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-221

Freedom School students (6).  Two little African-American boys of Hattiesburg, possibly Freedom School students - close-up. In the foreground is Jerry Lewis Oatis.

JERRY LEWIS OATIS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-222

Writing in Freedom School (2).  A Freedom School student writes at his desk - close-up.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-223

Asking a question in class.  A Freedom School student raises his hand in class - close-up.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-224

FreedomSchoolstudents (7).  Two male Freedom School students in class - close-up.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-225

Male Freedom School student.  A male Freedom School student in class - close-up.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

226 Lawrence Spears in host family's home

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M351-226

LawrenceSpears and child.   Voter registration volunteer Lawrence Spears (Palo Alto, California; a student at Stanford University) playing with a child in the home of the African-American family with whom he stayed in Hattiesburg.

LAWRENCESPEARS

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

SUB-SERIES 6, Prints #227-232:Folksingers in the Hattiesburg project, July 1964

 

227-232 Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe Harrison

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M351-227

Guitar Lesson.   Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) gives a guitar lesson to three male Freedom School students.

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-228

Guitar Lesson (2).   Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) gives a guitar lesson to a male Freedom School student.

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-229

Eugene Covelli, (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) gives a lesson on a mandolin to a male Freedom School student.

EUGENE COVELLI

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-230

Guitar lesson (3).   Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) gives a guitar lesson to two male Freedom School students. Curtis Ducksworth is on the right.

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-231

Guitar lesson - close-up.   Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) gives a guitar lesson to Freedom School students (left to right) Curtis Ducksworth and Charles Perry.

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

JOE HARRISON

CHARLES PERRY

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-232

Guitar lesson (4).  Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) gives a guitar lesson to Freedom School student Curtis Ducksworth.

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

SUB-SERIES 7, Prints #233-239:Beating of Peter Werner, July 20, 1964; voter registration canvassing by Dick Landerman

 

233-236 Beating of Peter Werner

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M351-233

Peter Werner on phone (2).  Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan and a refugee from Nazi Germany) talks on the phone shortly after having been assaulted while walking in downtown Hattiesburg with two other volunteers. Werner was a Freedom School teacher at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Note the slash across his nose. Close-up. 

PETER WERNER

VIOLENCE

M351-234

Peter Werner on phone (3).  Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan) shortly after having been assaulted while walking in downtown Hattiesburg with two other volunteers - close-up.

PETER WERNER

VIOLENCE

M351-235

Peter Werner on phone.   Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan) talks on the phone shortly after having been assaulted while walking in downtown Hattiesburg with two other volunteers. 

PETER WERNER

VIOLENCE

M351-236

William D. Jones and Susan Patterson.   Volunteers William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools) and Susan Patterson (Buffalo, New York; a student at Cornell University) shortly after Peter Werner was assaulted in their company while walking in downtown Hattiesburg. Jones, Patterson, and Werner all taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

WILLIAM D. JONES

SUSAN PATTERSON

PETER WERNER

VIOLENCE

 

237-239 Voter registration canvassing by Dick Landerman

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M351-237

Voter registration canvassing (2).  Volunteer Dick Landerman (West Hartford, Connecticut; a student at Yale University) explains voter registration procedures to local African-American resident Hattie Mae Pough at her home in the 800 block of Fairley Street. The child in the foreground is Trudie Sloan, who lived next door. The other children are Mrs. Pough's.

DICK LANDERMAN

HATTIE MAE POUGH

TRUDIE SLOAN

800 BLOCK FAIRLEY STREET

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-238

Voter registration canvassing (3).  Volunteer Dick Landerman (West Hartford, Connecticut; a student at Yale University) explains voter registration procedures to local African-American residents Ronnie Jackson, Jesse Smith, and Joseph Mobley.

RONNIE JACKSON

DICK LANDERMAN

JOSEPH MOBLEY

JESSE SMITH

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-239

Voter registration canvassing.   Volunteer Dick Landerman (West Hartford, Connecticut; a student at Yale University) explains voter registration procedures to local African-American resident Horace Laurence on the front porch of his home at 805 Fairley Street.

DICK LANDERMAN

JESSE SMITH

800 BLOCK FAIRLEY STREET

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

SUB-SERIES 8, Prints #240-263:Opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center, July 18, 1964

 

240-245 Preparation for opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center

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M351-240

Curtis Ducksworth.   FreedomSchoolstudent Curtis Ducksworth stands on a chair and applies fresh paint to the ceiling of a wood frame building on Old Airport Road in Palmers Crossing formerly used as a kindergarten in order to turn it into the Palmers Crossing Community Center prior to its opening on July 18. The building, which was located across from the Hi-Hat Club, has since been demolished.

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-241

Preparing the Palmers Crossing Community Center.  Volunteers and local African-American youth work together to turn an old kindergarten building into the Palmers Crossing Community Center prior to its opening on July 18. The male teenager in the center is a member of the Everett family.

________ EVERETT

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-242

Preparing the Palmers Crossing Community Center (2).  African-American female resident applies fresh paint to the wall of an old kindergarten building in order to turn it into the Palmers Crossing Community Center prior to its opening on July 18. Two African-American boys play an upright piano on the right.

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-243

Lorne Cress, Bobby Plump, and others.   Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project, talks with local African-American residents who are helping to turn an old kindergarten building into the Palmers Crossing Community Center prior to its opening on July 18. Wearing a white tee-shirt is Bobby Plump.

LORNE CRESS

BOBBY PLUMP

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-244

Preparing the Palmers Crossing Community Center (3).  Volunteers and local African-American residents work together to turn an old kindergarten building into the Palmers Crossing Community Center prior to its opening on July 18. Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project, is in the foreground.

LORNE CRESS

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-245

Lorne Cress.   Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project - close-up.

LORNE CRESS

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

246-258 Opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center, July 18, 1964

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M351-246

Reading in the Freedom Library.  Two African-American children read books in the Freedom Library of the Palmers Crossing Community Center. The books had been donated by many people all over the US.

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

FREEDOM LIBRARIES

M351-247

Palmers Crossing Community Center opening, July 18, 1964 (2).  Local African-American residents and volunteers enjoy the outdoor party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18. Of the three young African-American women seated in straight-backed chairs toward the right, Jimmella Stokes sits on the right and Shirley Anderson on the left. Both are Freedom School students.

SHIRLEY ANDERSON

JIMMELLA STOKES

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-248

Palmers Crossing Community Center opening, July 18, 1964.   Local African-American residents and volunteers enjoy the outdoor party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center. Volunteer Phyllis Cunningham (Chicago, Illinois), state Director of the Freedom Summer health clinics, stands left of center in a white flower print dress with three little girls. Local African-American activist Vassie Patton, wearing glasses and sitting against the building, is handed a cup by a boy. Freedom School student Shirley Anderson, with her back to the camera, is the third person from the right sitting on the back row of chairs. Her friend, Freedom School student Jimmella Stokes, is sitting two chairs to the right.

SHIRLEY ANDERSON

PHYLLIS CUNNINGHAM

JIMMELLA STOKES

VASSIE PATTON

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-249

Palmers Crossing Community Center opening.   Local African-American residents and volunteers enjoy the outdoor party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18. Local African-American resident Georgia Johnson, sitting with her back to the building on the right, is the third person seated from the foreground. Freedom School student Jimmella Stokes sits in the second chair from the left with her back to the camera. Sitting left of center wearing a white flower print dress and leaning backward is volunteer Phyllis Cunningham (Chicago, Illinois), state Director of the Freedom Summer health clinics. Near her, kneeling on the grass is Freedom School student Curtis Ducksworth.

PHYLLIS CUNNINGHAM

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

GEORGIA JOHNSON

JIMMELLA STOKES

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-250

Sandy Leigh at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, looks out of a window of the Palmers Crossing Community Center during the party celebrating its opening on July 18.

SANDY LEIGH

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

SNCC

M351-251

Phyllis Cunningham and children at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening.   SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College) serves cake to local children during the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18. Melvin Cotton, in a white shirt, stands with arms folded in the left background. Charles Perry, wearing a striped shirt and holding a can of soda, stands in the center.

MELVIN COTTON

MARION DAVIDSON

CHARLES PERRY

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

SNCC

M351-252

Henry Lee and Lawrence Dantzler.   Local African-American children (left to right) Henry Lee and Lawrence Dantzler enjoy hot dogs and cold drinks at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

LAWRENCEDANTZLER

HENRY LEE

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-253

Eating watermelon at the Community Center opening.  Four little African-American girls enjoy watermelon slices at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-254

Eating watermelon at the Community Center opening.  Four little African-American girls enjoy watermelon slices at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-255

'Folksy' Joe Harrison entertains children at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening (2).  Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) plays his guitar and sings for children and adults at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18. One of the boys sitting on the floor listening is John Arthur Perry. Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the project's Community Centers, stands wearing plaid slacks in the right background.

LORNE CRESS

JOE HARRISON

JOHN ARTHUR PERRY

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

M351-256

'Folksy' Joe Harrison entertains children at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening (3).  Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) plays his guitar and sings for children and adults at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

JOE HARRISON

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

M351-257

'Folksy' Joe Harrison entertains children at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening (4).  Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) plays his guitar and sings for children at the party celebrating the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18. Tommy Ray Collins is the little boy sitting on the lap of SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College).

TOMMY RAY COLLINS

MARION DAVIDSON

JOE HARRISON

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

SNCC

M351-258

'Folksy' Joe Harrison entertains children at Palmers Crossing Community Center opening.     Harrisonwas a folksinger from Ann Arbor, Michigan and a student at the University of Michigan. SNCC staff Marion Davidson (Pasadena, California; a student at Smith College) sits left of center, almost hidden by Tommy Ray Collins, whom she holds on her lap.

TOMMY RAY COLLINS

MARION DAVIDSON

JOE HARRISON

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

SNCC

 

259-263 Victoria Jackson Gray, Sandy Leigh, and Lorne Cress

Print # Print description Identifications

M351-259

Victoria Jackson Gray and Sandy Leigh.   Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket is in the foreground. SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, is sitting behind her. Taken probably at the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

SANDY LEIGH

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

SNCC

M351-260

Victoria Jackson Gray and Sandy Leigh (2).  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket is in the foreground. SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, is sitting behind her. Taken probably at the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

SANDY LEIGH

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

SNCC

M351-261

Victoria Jackson Gray, Sandy Leigh, and Lorne Cress.   Three civil rights activists have a discussion. They are (left to right) volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg project's Community Centers; Sandy Leigh (New York City), SNCC Field Secretary and Director of the Hattiesburg project; and Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket. Taken probably at the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

LORNE CRESS

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

SANDY LEIGH

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

SNCC

M351-262

Victoria Jackson Gray and Lorne Cress.   Engaged in discussion are two civil rights activists: (left) volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg project's Community Centers and (right) Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket. Taken probably at the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

LORNE CRESS

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-263

Victoria Jackson Gray.  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket. Taken probably at the opening of the Palmers Crossing Community Center on July 18.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

PALMERS CROSSING COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

SUB-SERIES 9, Prints #264-312:Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, July 1964

 

264-280 Hattiesburg project Director Sandy Leigh with MFDP Executive Secretary Peggy Jean Connor and with ministers in the Hattiesburg Ministers Project

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M351-264

Peggy Jean Connor and Sandy Leigh.   Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, handle the finances of the project at a table in Mrs. Connor's place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Mrs. Connor signs checks while Leigh works at a typewriter.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-265

Peggy Jean Connor and Sandy Leigh (2).  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, handle the finances of the project at a table in Mrs. Connor's place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-266

Peggy Jean Connor and Sandy Leigh (3).  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, handle the finances of the project at a table in Mrs. Connor's place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Leigh writes on a piece of paper while Mrs. Connor looks on.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-267

Peggy Jean Connor and Sandy Leigh (4).  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, handle the finances of the project at a table in Mrs. Connor's place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Leigh writes on a piece of paper while Mrs. Connor looks on.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-268

Peggy Jean Connor and Sandy Leigh (5).  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, stand in Mrs. Connor's place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Mrs. Connor closes an accordion file while Leigh looks on.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-269

Peggy Jean Connor.   Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, in her place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Mrs.Connor sits in an chair, studying documents.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-270

Peggy Jean Connor (2).  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, in her place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Mrs.Connor sits in a chair, studying documents.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-271

Peggy Jean Connor - close-up.   Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP, in her place of business, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-272

Sandy Leigh - close-up. SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits pensively in the place of business of local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-273

Sandy Leigh - close-up (3). SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits pensively in the place of business of local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-274

Sandy Leigh - close-up (2).   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, leans forward in the place of business of local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-275

Sandy Leigh - close-up (4). SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, in the place of business of local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor, Jean's Beauty Shop at 510 Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

SANDY LEIGH

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-276

Sandy Leigh and young African-American woman.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, talks with a young African-American woman.

SANDY LEIGH

SNCC

M351-277

Meeting at the Green Door Cafe (2).  Meeting at the Green Door Cafe of SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (second from left) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, with four other men. Winston Fairley, son of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley, is at the far right. The cafe was located at 318 Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

WINSTON FAIRLEY

SANDY LEIGH

GREEN DOOR CAFE

MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-278

Meeting at the Green Door Cafe (3).  Meeting at the Green Door Cafe of SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (second from left) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, with four other men. Winston Fairley is at the far right. The cafe was located at 318 Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

WINSTON FAIRLEY

SANDY LEIGH

GREEN DOOR CAFE

MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-279

Meeting at the Green Door Cafe.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (left) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, meets with three other men in the Green Door Cafe at 318 Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Winston Fairley is at the far right.

WINSTON FAIRLEY

SANDY LEIGH

GREEN DOOR CAFE

MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-280

Meeting at the Green Door Cafe (4).  Three men with whom SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, meets in the Green Door Cafe at 318 Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. Winston Fairley is at the right. Leigh's arm is at the left.

WINSTON FAIRLEY

SANDY LEIGH

GREEN DOOR CAFE

MOBILE STREET

SNCC


281 Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe Harrison

M351-281

'Folksy' Joe Harrison reading.  Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) sits reading in a pew in True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street.

JOE HARRISON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

 

 

282-301  Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture to Freedom School students at True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street in Hattiesburg

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-282

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture to Freedom School students.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He uses a blackboard to illustrate his lecture. Three volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are among the audience:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), her hair in a bun, sits in the third pew from the camera; William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; a teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools) is the second person to her right; and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan) is the Caucasian male in the fourth row from the front of the sanctuary.

NANCY ELLIN

WILLIAM D. JONES

SANDY LEIGH

PETER WERNER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-283

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (3).    SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He uses a blackboard to illustrate his lecture.  Volunteer Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan) is the Caucasian male in the third row from the front of the sanctuary.

SANDY LEIGH

PETER WERNER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-284

Sandy Leigh's MFDP Lecture (2).   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He uses a blackboard to illustrate his lecture.  Three volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are among the audience:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; a teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan).

NANCY ELLIN

WILLIAM D. JONES

SANDY LEIGH

PETER WERNER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-285

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (4).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He uses a blackboard to illustrate his lecture.  Three volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are among in the audience:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; a teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan).

NANCY ELLIN

WILLIAM D. JONES

SANDY LEIGH

PETER WERNER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-286

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He illustrates his lecture by writing on a blackboard:  "Why MFDP Challenge. 1. Does not represent people.  2. Does not support National Democratic Party. 3. Unpledged electors.  4. Negroes not fr[ee]?] to ta[ke part?]."

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-287

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (5).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, lectures on the MFDP to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. He illustrates his lecture by writing on a blackboard:  "Why MFDP Challenge.  1. Does not represent people. 2. Does not support National Democratic Party.  3.  Unpledged electors. 4. Negroes not Fr[EE]?] to TA[ke part?]."

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-288

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (6).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, rests his hand on the blackboard he uses to illustrate his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-289

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (7).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, listens to a member of the audience as he rests his hand on the blackboard he uses to illustrate his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-290

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (8).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, talks to a member of the audience as Freedom School student James Pearson moves the blackboard used by Leigh to illustrate his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-291

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (9).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, talks to a member of the audience as Freedom School student James Pearson moves the blackboard used by Leigh to illustrate his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-292

Freedom School students respond to Leigh's lecture.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the right watching two Freedom School students stand to discuss issues during Leigh's MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. The student in the white tee-shirt is James Pearson.

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-293

Freedom School students respond to Leigh's lecture (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the right and laughs as two Freedom School students stand to discuss issues during Leigh's MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street. The student in the white tee-shirt is James Pearson.

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-294

Sandy Leigh at MFDP lecture.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, stands near the blackboard he uses to illustrate his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-295

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (10).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, gestures with his hands during his MFDP lecture to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street.

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-296

Sandy Leigh's MFDP lecture (11).  View of the audience at the MFDP lecture given by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. Some of the Freedom School students are Sandra Blalock, Ann Conner, Rena Corley, Audrey 'Pee Wee' Easterling, Myrtis Easterling, Beverly Harris, James Townes, Alma Travis, Janice Walter, Shirley White, and Jerry Wilson. Three volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are: William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; a teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who is standing gesturing from a rear pew; Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), sitting next to him; and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan), the Caucasian male seated in the fourth pew from the camera.

SANDRA BLALOCK

ANN CONNER

RENA CORLEY

AUDREY EASTERLING

MYRTIS EASTERLING

NANCY ELLIN

BEVERLY HARRIS

WILLIAM D. JONES

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES TOWNES

ALMA TRAVIS

JANICE WALTER

PETER WERNER

SHIRLEY WHITE

JERRY WILSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-297

Audience responds to Leigh's lecture.  View of the audience, laughing, at the MFDP lecture given by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church.  Some of the Freedom School students are Sandra Blalock, Ann Conner, Rena Corley, Audrey 'Pee Wee' Easterling, Myrtis Easterling, Beverly Harris, James Townes, Alma Travis, Janice Walter, Shirley White, and Jerry Wilson.  Two volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), the Caucasian female sitting in a rear pew, and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan), the Caucasian male seated in the fourth pew from the camera. Standing in the foreground is student James Pearson.

SANDRA BLALOCK

ANN CONNER

RENA CORLEY

AUDREY EASTERLING

MYRTIS EASTERLING

NANCY ELLIN

BEVERLY HARRIS

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

JAMES TOWNES

ALMA TRAVIS

JANICE WALTER

PETER WERNER

SHIRLEY WHITE

JERRY WILSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-298

Good times at Freedom School (2).  Students and teachers laugh as two students cut up during the MFDP lecture given by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. Some of the Freedom School students are Sandra Blalock, Ann Conner, Rena Corley, Audrey 'Pee Wee' Easterling, Myrtis Easterling, Beverly Harris, James Townes, Alma Travis, Janice Walter, Shirley White, and Jerry Wilson.  Two volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), the Caucasian female sitting in a rear pew, and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan), the Caucasian male seated in the fourth pew from the camera.  Standing in the foreground is student James Pearson.

SANDRA BLALOCK

ANN CONNER

RENA CORLEY

AUDREY EASTERLING

MYRTIS EASTERLING

NANCY ELLIN

BEVERLY HARRIS

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

JAMES TOWNES

ALMA TRAVIS

JANICE WALTER

PETER WERNER

SHIRLEY WHITE

JERRY WILSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-299

Good times at Freedom School.   Students and teachers laugh as two students cut up during the MFDP lecture given by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. Some of the Freedom School students are Sandra Blalock, Ann Conner, Rena Corley, Audrey 'Pee Wee' Easterling, Myrtis Easterling, Beverly Harris, James Townes, Alma Travis, Janice Walter, Shirley White, and Jerry Wilson. Two volunteers who taught in the Freedom School at True Light are:  Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), the Caucasian female sitting in a rear pew, and Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a graduate student at the University of Michigan), the Caucasian male seated in the fourth pew from the camera. Standing in the foreground is student James Pearson.

SANDRA BLALOCK

ANN CONNER

RENA CORLEY

AUDREY EASTERLING

MYRTIS EASTERLING

NANCY ELLIN

BEVERLY HARRIS

SANDY LEIGH

JAMES PEARSON

JAMES TOWNES

ALMA TRAVIS

JANICE WALTER

PETER WERNER

SHIRLEY WHITE

JERRY WILSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-300

Students listening to Leigh's lecture.  Freedom School students Audrey 'Pee Wee' Easterling and a member of the Kirkland family listen to the MFDP lecture given by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, to Freedom School students in the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. 

AUDREY EASTERLING

________ KIRKLAND

SANDY LEIGH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-301

Open Bible.  Open Bible on a podium at the front of the sanctuary of True Light Baptist Church. 

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FAITH

 

302-312  MFDP signs in neighborhoods

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M351-302

Girls near MFDP sign (2).  Five local African-American girls stand near an MFDP sign on a tree in front of True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street. They are (left to right) Otis Ruth Travis, Veronica Carter, Glenda Polk, Dorothy Jean Patton, and Joyce McGowan.

 

VERONICA CARTER

JOYCE MCGOWAN

DOROTHY JEAN PATTON

GLENDA POLK

OTIS RUTH TRAVIS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

M351-303

Girls near MFDP sign.   Five local African-American girls stand near an MFDP sign on a tree in front of True Light Baptist Church. They are (left to right) Otis Ruth Travis, Veronica Carter, Glenda Polk, Dorothy Jean Patton, and Joyce McGowan.

 

VERONICA CARTER

JOYCE MCGOWAN

DOROTHY JEAN PATTON

GLENDA POLK

OTIS RUTH TRAVIS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

M351-304

Girls near MFDP sign (3).  Four local African-American girls stand near an MFDP sign on a tree in front of True Light Baptist Church. They are (left to right) Joyce McGowan, Anna Latha Collins, Veronica Carter, and Daneeta Walker.

 

VERONICA CARTER

ANNA LATHA COLLINS

JOYCE MCGOWAN

DANEETA WALKER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

M351-305

Girls with MFDP sign.    Three local African-American girls stand near an MFDP sign on a tree in front of True Light Baptist Church. The two in the foreground are (left to right) Glenda Polk and Daneeta Walker.

GLENDA POLK

DANEETA WALKER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

M351-306

The Copeland sisters.   Standing with a bicycle are local African-American girls (left to right) Brenda Copeland and Peggy Copeland.

BRENDA COPELAND

PEGGY COPELAND

M351-307

MFDP sign near Bib Mamma's house.  Two signs on a tree near Big Mamma's house on Dewey Street. One sign advertises jobs for maids in New York and New Jersey. The other reads "MFDP".

BIG MAMMA

DEWEY STREET

MFDP

POVERTY

M351-308

Children and MFDP sign.   Four local African-American children on and near the front porch of Big Mamma's house on Dewey Street.  On a tree in the foreground are two signs, one advertising jobs for maids in New York and New Jersey and the other reading "MFDP".

BIG MAMMA

DEWEY STREET

MFDP

POVERTY

M351-309

Children and MFDP sign (2).  Four local African-American children on and near the front porch of 'Big Mamma's house on Dewey Street. On a tree in the foreground are two signs, one advertising jobs for maids in New York and New Jersey and the other reading "MFDP".

'BIG MAMMA'

DEWEY STREET

MFDP

POVERTY

M351-310

Children and MFDP sign (3).  Four local African-American children on and near the front porch of 'Big Mamma's house on Dewey Street. On a tree in the foreground are two signs, one advertising jobs for maids in New York and New Jersey and the other reading "MFDP".

'BIG MAMMA'

DEWEY STREET

MFDP

POVERTY

M351-311

Children and MFDP sign (4).  Four local African-American children on and near the front porch of 'Big Mamma's house on Dewey Street. On a tree in the foreground are two signs, one advertising jobs for maids in New York and New Jersey and the other reading "MFDP".

'BIG MAMMA'

DEWEY STREET

MFDP

POVERTY

M351-312

Tree as MFDP sign post.  MFDP sign on tree in front of a house on Gravel Line Street where a group of local African-American men and boys have gathered on the porch.

GRAVEL LINE STREET

MFDP

 

SUB-SERIES 10, Prints #313-426: General shots of project: Freedom Schools, meeting, activists, Mobile Street, poverty, folksingers, July 1964

 

313-336  People singing outdoors

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M351-313

Volunteer and local resident singing.   Caucasian male volunteer (folksinger?) and local African-American woman sing and clap their hands in a group outdoors.

SINGING

M351-314

Singing outdoors.  Local African-American woman sings and claps her hands in a group outdoors.

SINGING

M351-315

Singing outdoors (2).  Local African-American male teenagers sing in a group outdoors.

SINGING

M351-316

Clarence William sings. Local African-American teenager Clarence Williams, without sunglasses, sings - close-up.

CLARENCE WILLIAMS

SINGING

M351-317

Clarence Williams sings (2).  Local African-American teenager Clarence Williams, without sunglasses, sings - close-up.

CLARENCE WILLIAMS

SINGING

M351-318

Mary Stepps sings.   Local African-American resident Mary Stepps sings - close-up.

MARY STEPPS

SINGING

M351-319

Peter and David Otis Wilson sing.  Local African-American teenagers Peter Wilson and David Otis Wilson sing and clap their hands in a group outdoors.

DAVID OTIS WILSON

PETER WILSON

SINGING

M351-320

Folksinger 'Folksy' Joe Harrison.   'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) plays his guitar and sings along with local African-American children.

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-321

More 'Folksy' Joe Harrison.   'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) bends over his guitar as he sings along with local African-American children.

JOE HARRISON

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-322

Listening to music (2).  Caucasian male folksinger (?) plays his guitar and sings with volunteers and local African-American residents outdoors.

FOLKSINGERS (?)

SINGING

 

M351-323

Listening to music (3).  Caucasian male folksinger (?) plays his guitar and sings with local African-American children outdoors. The boy on the right is Ronald Moore.

RONALD MOORE

FOLKSINGERS (?)

SINGING

M351-324

Listening to music.   Caucasian male folksinger (?) plays his guitar and sings with local African-American residents outdoors. The young women on the right are (left to right) Hettie Marsh and Geraldine Shaw.

HETTIE MARSH

GERALDINE SHAW

FOLKSINGERS (?)

SINGING

 

M351-325

Ronald Moore and folksinger.   Caucasian male folksinger (?) plays his guitar and sings with local African-American children outdoors.  The boy on the right is Ronald Moore.

RONALD MOORE

FOLKSINGERS (?)

SINGING

M351-326

Singing outdoors (3).  Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands in a group outdoors. They are probably students in a Freedom School class meeting on the lawn outside Morning Star Baptist Church at 1406 Elizabeth Avenue in Hattiesburg. In the foreground is Catherine Oatis and behind her is Geraldine Shaw. Prints # 326-333 are of photographs apparently taken of the same Freedom School class meeting as prints # 449-459.  Each group comes from a different negative roll, reflecting Herbert Randall's simultaneous use of two cameras.

CATHERINE OATIS

GERALDINE SHAW

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-327

Hattie Marsh and Geraldine Shaw.  Local African-American residents Hettie Marsh and Geraldine Shaw - close-up.

HETTIE MARSH

GERALDINE SHAW

M351-328

Singing outdoors (4).  Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands outdoors. In the foreground is Ruby Pearl Stokes.

RUBY PEARL STOKES

SINGING

M351-329

Singing outdoors (5).  Local African-American teenagers sing and clap their hands outdoors. In the foreground is Ruby Pearl Stokes.

RUBY PEARL STOKES

SINGING

M351-330

Girl claps and sings.   An African-American girl sings and claps her hands outdoors near a brick building, probably Morning Star Baptist Church.

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

SINGING

M351-331

Drusilla Merritt.   Local African-American resident Drusilla Merritt sits in a chair outdoors in a group.

DRUSILLA MERRITT

M351-332

View from rear of group of local African-American teenagers and children sitting in chairs outdoors.

 

M351-333

Sharon Hunter.  Local African-American girl Sharon Hunter claps her hands in a group outdoors.

SHARON HUNTER

SINGING

M351-334

Registration outdoors.   Local African-American teenagers (left to right) Mary Stepps and Jimmella Stokes possibly conducting registration for either a Freedom School or for membership in the MFDP.

MARY STEPPS

JIMMELLA STOKES

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

MFDP (?)

M351-335

Jimmella Stokes.  Local African-American teenager Jimmella Stokes - close-up.

JIMMELLA STOKES

M351-336

Standing by tree.   Local African-American man stands near a tree.  In the background are local African-American teenagers and children singing with volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), who was a teacher in the Freedom School hosted by Morning Star Baptist Church.

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

SINGING

 

337-345  Meeting of volunteers and local activists in a square-pillared room in an African-American church

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M351-337

Meeting of volunteers and local activists.   Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in one of the participating African-American churches in Hattiesburg. Standing speaking to the group is volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University), whose responsibilities included voter registration education. To the left of the pillar sit volunteers 'Big Daddy' (front row) and behind him Eric (last name unknown). To the far left is volunteer Anne Koeppicus in the striped blouse. To the right of the pillar volunteer Phyllis Cunningham (Chicago, Illinois), state Director of the Freedom Summer health clinics, is leaning forward to talk to local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, a voter registration worker.

'BIG DADDY'

ERIC ________

PHYLLIS CUNNINGHAM

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

________CHURCH

M351-338

Meeting of volunteers and local activists (2).  Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church. Standing speaking to the group is volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University), whose responsibilities included voter registration education. At the far left is volunteer Joseph Ellin, wearing glasses (Kalamazoo, Michigan; a professor in the Philosophy Department at Western Michigan University), who taught in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. At the far right is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, a voter registration worker. To her right is volunteer Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Behind her is voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University). The blonde, African-American female behind him is volunteer Patricia Yorck (Port Washington, New York; a student at Skidmore College), who taught in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

JACOB BLUM

JOSEPH ELLIN

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

PAULA PACE

PATRICIA YORCK

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

________CHURCH

M351-339

Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester.   Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church. Standing speaking to the group is volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University), whose responsibilities included voter registration education. In the foreground, with his back to the camera, is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project.

SANDY LEIGH

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-340

Sandy Leigh addresses meeting of volunteers and local activists.   Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church.  Standing speaking to the group is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' sits at the left.

'BIG DADDY'

SANDY LEIGH

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-341

Sandy Leigh addresses meeting of volunteers and local activists (2).  Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church. Standing speaking to the group is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' sits at the left of the pillar. To the right of the pillar is volunteer Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. On her left is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, a voter registration worker. Between and behind them is volunteer Phyllis Cunningham (Chicago, Illinois), state Director of the Freedom Summer health clinics.

'BIG DADDY'

PHYLLIS CUNNINGHAM

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

PAULA PACE

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-342

Meeting of volunteers and local activists (3).  Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church. On the far left is volunteer 'Big Daddy'. In the far left corner, wearing glasses and a white headband, is volunteer Cornelia Mack (Madison, Wisconsin; a student at the University of Wisconsin), who taught in the Freedom School at St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. At the far right is folksinger Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan. Seated on the front row, wearing striped slacks, is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, a voter registration worker. To her right is Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. Behind them are (left to right) voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) and volunteer Phyllis Cunningham (Chicago, Illinois), state Director of the Freedom Summer health clinics.

'BIG DADDY'

JACOB BLUM

PHYLLIS CUNNINGHAM

JOE HARRISON

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

CORNELIA MACK

PAULA PACE

________CHURCH

M351-343

Meeting of volunteers and local activists (3).  Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church. Second from the right is volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University), whose responsibilities included voter registration education. On her right is volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), who was a teacher in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. The third person to her right is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, a voter registration worker. To her right is Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

PAULA PACE

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

________CHURCH

M351-344

Meeting of volunteers and local activists (4).  Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church.  At the far right is volunteer 'Big Daddy'.  Sitting in the third row from the front are volunteers Doug Tuchman (New York City) and Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), both of whom taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

'BIG DADDY'

PAULA PACE

DOUG TOUCHMAN

________CHURCH

M351-345

Meeting.   Volunteers and local African-American activists participate in a meeting held in a large room with square pillars in an African-American church.  From left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg project's Community Centers, and local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Deputy Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project.

LORNE CRESS

DOUG SMITH

________CHURCH

 

346-353  Sandy Leigh and two local activists outside project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street

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M351-346

Outside COFO headquarters (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street between local African-American activists Gladys Young (left) and Gracie Hawthorne (right). Reflected in the window behind them is photographer Herbert Randall.  The poster on the window promotes the campaign of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray for the U.S. Senate on the MFDP ticket.  The bumper sticker affixed to the window carries SNCC's Freedom Summer motto "One Man X One Vote".

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

HERBERT RANDALL

GLADYS YOUNG

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

 

M351-347

Outside COFO headquarters.    SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters between local African-American activists Gladys Young (left) and Gracie Hawthorne (right). 

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

GLADYS YOUNG

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-348

Sandy Leigh and Gladys Young.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters.  On his right is local African-American activist Gladys Young.  Close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

GLADYS YOUNG

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-349

Sandy Leigh and Gracie Hawthorne.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters. On his left is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne. Close-up.

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-350

Sandy Leigh and Gracie Hawthorne (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters. On his left is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne. Close-up.

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-351

Sandy Leigh and Gracie Hawthorne (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, sits on the steps of project headquarters. On his left is local African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne. The bumper sticker affixed to the window behind them carries SNCC's Freedom Summer motto "One Man X One Vote". Close-up.

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

SANDY LEIGH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-352

Gracie Hawthorne - close-up.   Local teenaged African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, who specialized in voter registration work, sits on the steps of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  The bumper sticker affixed to the window behind her carries SNCC's Freedom Summer motto "One Man X One Vote". 

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-353

Gracie Hawthorne - close-up (2).  Local teenaged African-American activist Gracie Hawthorne, who specialized in voter registration work, sits on the steps of project headquarters. The bumper sticker affixed to the window behind her carries SNCC's Freedom Summer motto "One Man X One Vote". Close-up.

GRACIE HAWTHORNE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

 

354-358  Boy with ringworm (?)

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M351-354

Local African-American child (2).  A local African-American boy walks up a sidewalk toward the camera. He apparently suffers from ringworm, a disease associated with poverty, poor hygiene, and lack of good education - all features of the life of poor African-Americans in the South which the organizers of Freedom Summer hoped that African-American voting rights would alleviate.

POVERTY

M351-355

Local African-American child.   The boy is sitting in a chair.

POVERTY

M351-356

Local African-American child, close-up.  Close-up of the back of the boy's head, where some hair has been lost, due possibly to ringworm.

POVERTY

M351-357

Local-African-American child, close-up (2).  Close-up of the back of the boy's head, where some hair has been lost, due possibly to ringworm.

POVERTY

M351-358

Local-African-American child, close-up (3).  Close-up of the back of the boy's head, where some hair has been lost, due possibly to ringworm.  A person points to the area.

POVERTY

 

359-363  Levater Jackson walking on Mobile Street

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M351-359

Levater Jackson (3). Local African-American activist and MFDP delegate Levater Jackson walks on Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

LEVATER JACKSON

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-360

Levater Jackson.   Local African-American activist and MFDP delegate Levater Jackson near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street - close-up.

LEVATER JACKSON

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-361

Levater Jackson (2).   Local African-American activist and MFDP delegate Levater Jackson near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street - close-up.

LEVATER JACKSON

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-362

Levater Jackson (4).  Local African-American activist and MFDP delegate Levater Jackson walks on Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

LEVATER JACKSON

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

M351-363

Levater Jackson on Mobile Street.   Local African-American activist and MFDP delegate Levater Jackson walks past Williams' Dry Cleaners at 529 Mobile Street near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street as another local African-American woman enters the establishment.

LEVATER JACKSON

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

WILLIAMS' DRY CLEANERS

MFDP

 

364-373  Mobile Streetscenes

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M351-364

Mobile Streetlooking south.    A local African-American male teenager in a plastic raincoat walks south under the shop signs of African-American owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Mobile Street was the bustling main street of the African-American community of Hattiesburg, with stores, restaurants, movie theater, and hotel that catered to the needs of African-American residents and armed forces personnel from Camp Shelby during the period of racial segregation. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists: Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street.  The third sign is for the City Beauty Salon.  None of the buildings shown in this photograph remains. See also #827.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

CITY BEAUTY SALON

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-365

Mobile Streetlooking north.    A group of local African-American men walks north under the shop signs of African-American owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists: Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street. 

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-366

Mobile Streetlooking north (2).  A group of local African-American men walks north under the shop signs of African-American owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists: Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street. 

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-367

Mobile Streetlooking south (2). Three local African-American children play on the sidewalk under the shop signs of African-American owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists:  Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street.  The third sign is for the City Beauty Salon.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

CITY BEAUTY SALON

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-368

Mobile Streetlooking south (3). Three local African-American men sit and stand under the shop signs of African-American owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists:  Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-369

Jim Nance.  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee) walks across Mobile Street.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET (?)

M351-370

Mobile and 6th Streets.   Local African-American woman walks across the intersection of Mobile and 6th Streets near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  At the left is the corner of the Masonic Lodge at 522 Mobile Street, home of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service and the headquarters of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-371

Mobile and 6th Streets (2).  Local African-American woman walks across the intersection of Mobile and 6th Streets near project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  At the left is the corner of the Masonic Lodge at 522 Mobile Street, home of local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service and the headquarters of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MASONIC LODGE

RADIO & TV SERVICE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-372

African-American teenager on Mobile Street.  Local African-American teenager walks on Mobile Street under an umbrella in the rain.

MOBILE STREET

M351-373

African-American man on Mobile Street.   An elderly African-American man walks with a cane on Mobile Street.

MOBILE STREET

 

374-376  Children indoors

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M351-374

Freedom School students.  Local African-American children sit behind the altar rail of a church (?), probably attending a Freedom School class.

________CHURCH (?)

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

M351-375

Freedom School students (2).  A local African-American boy leans over the altar rail of a church (?), probably attending a Freedom School class.

________CHURCH (?)

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

M351-376

Freedom School students (3).  A local African-American boy wearing a cap sits in a chair in the sanctuary of a church (?), probably attending a Freedom School class.

________CHURCH (?)

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

 

377-378  Volunteer with local residents

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M351-377

Volunteer with local residents.  Caucasian male volunteer reviews a document as two local African-American female residents look on.

 

M351-378

Volunteer with local residents, close-up.  Caucasian male volunteer - close-up.  The local African-American person on his right holds a handful of brochures (?) with the SNCC logo of a black hand clasping a white hand.  The brochures may be voter registration leaflets for distribution.

VOTER REGISTRATION (?)

SNCC

 
378-381  Toddler

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M351-379

Toddler on sidewalk.   An African-American toddler sits on the edge of a sidewalk near concrete posts.

 

M351-380

Man and toddler.   An African-American toddler plays in the grass at the foot of concrete steps on which stands an African-American male teenager.

 

M351-381

Man and toddler (2).  African-American toddler and African-American male teenager with two boys on the concrete steps.

 

 
382  Interior of Hattiesburg project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street

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M351-382

Working at COFO-Hattiesburg project headquarters.  SNCC staff and volunteers at work in the project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. At the left are volunteers (left to right) Terri Shaw (Buffalo, New York), Communications Director of the project, and Joyce Brown (Harvey, Louisiana; a student at Xavier University), research staff. Standing at the rear is volunteer Nancy Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg and supervised the Freedom Libraries. Seated at the right is SNCC Field Secretary Sheila Michaels, Manager of the Hattiesburg project. 

JOYCE BROWN

NANCY ELLIN

SHEILA MICHAELS

TERRI SHAW

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

 

383-386  Peggy Copeland and water puddle

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M351-383

Peggy Copeland.  Local African-American girl Peggy Copeland, granddaughter of activist Vassie Patton, playing in a water puddle in front of True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street in Hattiesburg.  Copeland lived with her grandmother across the street at 1022 Dewey Street. Standing nearby is voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee).

PEGGY COPELAND

REVEREND JIM NANCE

DEWEY STREET

M351-384

Peggy Copeland (2).  Local African-American girl Peggy Copeland playing in a water puddle in front of True Light Baptist Church.

PEGGY COPELAND

DEWEY STREET

M351-385

Peggy Copeland (3).  Local African-American girl Peggy Copeland playing in a water puddle in front of True Light Baptist Church.

PEGGY COPELAND

DEWEY STREET

M351-386

Peggy Copeland (4).  Local African-American girl Peggy Copeland playing in a water puddle in front of True Light Baptist Church.

PEGGY COPELAND

DEWEY STREET

 

387-389  Anthony Beaulieu writing a letter from Mississippi

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M351-387

Anthony Beaulieu on mailbox (2).  Voter registration volunteer Anthony 'Arrow’ Beaulieu (San Francisco, California; a student at Dartmouth College) writes a letter while sitting on top of a US Mail box in front of True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street in Hattiesburg.  The little boy is a member of the Smith family.

ANTHONY BEAULIEU

________ SMITH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-388

Anthony Beaulieu on mailbox.   Voter registration volunteer Anthony 'Arrow’ Beaulieu (San Francisco, California; a student at Dartmouth College) writes a letter while sitting on top of a US Mail box in front of True Light Baptist Church.  The little boy is a member of the Smith family.

ANTHONY BEAULIEU

________ SMITH

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-389

Anthony Beaulieu by church.   Voter registration volunteer Anthony 'Arrow’ Beaulieu (San Francisco, California; a student at Dartmouth College) pauses in contemplation while writing a letter sitting on top of a US Mail box in front of True Light Baptist Church.

ANTHONY BEAULIEU

DEWEY STREET

 

390-392  Poverty in Palmers Crossing (?)

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M351-390

Poor African-American children (2).  A group of impoverished African-American children show off for the camera in front of their house on an unpaved muddy street, probably in Palmers Crossing.

PALMERS CROSSING (?)

POVERTY

M351-391

Poor African-American children.   A group of impoverished African-American children show off for the camera in front of their house on an unpaved muddy street, probably in Palmers Crossing.

PALMERS CROSSING (?)

POVERTY

M351-392

Woman behind house.   A local African-American woman wearing galoshes walks behind a house, probably in Palmers Crossing.

PALMERS CROSSING (?)

POVERTY

 

393-395  Volunteers at the homes of local African-American residents in Palmers Crossing.

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M351-393

Lorne Cress pumping water.  Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project, pumps water into a bucket at an outdoor pump in the yard of a house located probably in Palmers Crossing, a historically African-American community most of whose residents lacked indoor plumbing.

LORNE CRESS

PALMERS CROSSING (?)

POVERTY

M351-394

Jinny Glass washing face.   Volunteer Virginia ‘Jinny’ Glass (La Canada, California; a student at Pomona College), who worked in the Community Center in Palmers Crossing, washes her face in a tin tub in the yard of a house, probably in Palmers Crossing.

VIRGINIA GLASS

PALMERS CROSSING

POVERTY

M351-395

Jinny Glass washing face (2).  Volunteer Virginia ‘Jinny’ Glass (La Canada, California; a student at Pomona College), who worked in the Community Center in Palmers Crossing, dries her face with a towel after washing in a tin tub in the yard of a house, probably in Palmers Crossing.

VIRGINIA GLASS

PALMERS CROSSING

POVERTY

 

396-397  Freedom School students' art work on exhibit in Palmers Crossing Community Center

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M351-396

Freedom School art exhibit.  Four local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit.  In the foreground are (left) Cecil Gray, son of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray, and (right) Pete Williams.  In the right background is Don Boyd. The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom". See also #828-831.

DON BOYD

CECIL GRAY

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-397

Freedom School art exhibit (2).  Four local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit.  In the foreground are (left to right) Pete Williams; Cecil Gray, son of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray; and Don Boyd.  The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom".  See also #828-831.

DON BOYD

CECIL GRAY

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

398-401  Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, in project headquarters

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M351-398

Doug Smith.  Local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, wearing a straw hat and sitting on a table, probably in the project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

DOUG SMITH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-399

Doug Smith and female.  Local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, wearing a straw hat and reading a document, probably in the project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  The Caucasian female visible behind him may be SNCC Field Secretary Sheila Michaels, Manager of the Hattiesburg project.

SHEILA MICHAELS

DOUG SMITH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

SNCC

M351-400

Doug Smith, close-up.  Local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, wearing a straw hat, probably in the project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street - close-up.

DOUG SMITH

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-401

Doug Smith and Carolyn Reese.  Local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan), Co-Coordinator of the Freedom School in the Hattiesburg project - close-up.  Taken probably in the project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

DOUG SMITH

CAROLYN REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

 
402-406  Freedom School class of teenagers at St. Paul United Methodist Church in Hattiesburg (?)

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M351-402

Freedom School students discuss.   Four teenaged Freedom School students take part in class discussion sitting at a table in the basement room of a participating African-American church, probably St. Paul United Methodist Church, pastor Reverend EE Grinnett, located at 215 East 5th Street in Hattiesburg. Alice Adams is on the right and George Ann Adams on the left between two male students. More students sit at a table in the background, at the foot of a flight of stairs.

ALICE ADAMS

GEORGE ANN ADAMS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-403

Freedom School students discuss (2).  Four teenaged Freedom School students take part in class discussion sitting at a table in the basement room of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. Alice Adams is on the right and George Ann Adams on the left between two male students. More students sit at a table in the background, at the foot of a flight of stairs.

ALICE ADAMS

GEORGE ANN ADAMS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-404

Alice Adams.  Teenaged Freedom School student Alice Adams stands between two tables at which other students in the class are seated in the basement room of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. George Ann Adams sits on the right between two male students. 

ALICE ADAMS

GEORGE ANN ADAMS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-405

Freedom School students discuss (3).  Teenaged Freedom School students take part in class discussion sitting at a table in the basement room of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. George Ann Adams is on the left between two male students. More students sit at a table in the background, at the foot of a flight of stairs.

GEORGE ANN ADAMS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-406

Freedom school discussion.   TeenagedFreedom Schoolstudents take part in class discussion sitting at a table in the basement room of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. George Ann Adams is the only female student on the left. More students sit at a table in the background, at the foot of a flight of stairs, on which are sitting three Caucasian male adults, probably volunteers.

GEORGE ANN ADAMS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

407-409  Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters at 507 Mobile Street

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M351-407

Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign headquarters (2).  Local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters at 507 Mobile Street, the same location as that of the Hattiesburg project headquarters.  Three signs are visible: (left to right) poster with photograph of Mrs. Gray reading "Freedom Democratic Party Candidate / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray"; large sign reading "Freedom Democratic Party Campaign Headquarters / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray / United States Senate"; and a bumper sticker stuck on the office window reading "SNCC / One Man X One Vote". The door on the left is the entrance to the headquarters. The door on the right opened onto the stairs leading to the residence of the building owner Lenon E. Woods. The building, a historic Negro hotel built at the end of the 19th century, was destroyed by fire in 1998. A local African-American teenager walks in front of the building.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-408

Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign headquarters.    Local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  Three signs are visible:  (left to right) poster with photograph of Mrs. Gray reading "Freedom Democratic Party Candidate / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray"; large sign reading "Freedom Democratic Party Campaign Headquarters / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray / United States Senate"; and a bumper sticker stuck on the office window reading "SNCC / One Man X One Vote  A local African-American woman opens the door to the headquarters office and a Caucasian male volunteer stands nearby.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

M351-409

Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign headquarters (3).  Local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  Three signs are visible:  (left to right) poster with photograph of Mrs. Gray reading "Freedom Democratic Party Candidate / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray"; large sign reading "Freedom Democratic Party Campaign Headquarters / Mrs. Victoria Jackson Gray / United States Senate"; and a bumper sticker stuck on the office window reading "SNCC / One Man One Vote."  A Caucasian male volunteer walks to the left.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MFDP

SNCC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

410-416  Poverty, railroad tracks, faith and the federal government

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M351-410

6th Street.  Two local African-American boys play in front of a series of impoverished row houses on 6th Street in Hattiesburg.  See also #826.

6TH STREET

POVERTY

M351-411

6th Street.  A local African-American boy plays in front of a series of impoverished row houses on 6th Street in Hattiesburg.  See also #826.

6TH STREET

POVERTY

M351-412

Railroad tracks (2).  Railroad crossing at Mobile Street near the 300 block of East 3rd Street in Hattiesburg. The store in the background is Bradley Brothers Wholesale Paper, Drugs, Sundries, and Notions at 317 East 3rd Street.  The railroad marked the dividing line between white Hattiesburg and black Hattiesburg.

RAILROAD CROSSING

MOBILE AND EAST 3RD STREETS

BRADLEY BROTHERS STORE

M351-413

Railroad tracks (3).  Railroad crossing at Mobile Street near the 300 block of East 3rd Street in Hattiesburg. The store in the background is Bradley Brothers Wholesale Paper, Drugs, Sundries, and Notions at 317 East 3rd Street. 

RAILROAD CROSSING

MOBILE AND EAST 3RD STREETS

BRADLEY BROTHERS STORE

M351-414

Railroad tracks.   Railroad crossing at Mobile Street near the 300 block of East 3rd Street in Hattiesburg.  The store in the background is Bradley Brothers Wholesale Paper, Drugs, Sundries, and Notions at 317 East 3rd Street. Closer view of the sign reading "Mississippi Law / Stop".

RAILROAD CROSSING

MOBILE AND EAST 3RD STREETS

BRADLEY BROTHERS STORE

M351-415

Railroad tracks (4).  Railroad crossing at Mobile Street near the 300 block of East 3rd Street in Hattiesburg.  The store in the background is Bradley Brothers Wholesale Paper, Drugs, Sundries, and Notions at 317 East 3rd Street.  Closer view of a billboard advertising Sunbeam white bread and the sign reading "Mississippi Law / Stop".

RAILROAD CROSSING

MOBILE AND EAST 3RD STREETS

BRADLEY BROTHERS STORE

M351-416

Still life.  Close-up view of a religious statuette next to an envelope from the US Treasury Department, representing African-American Mississippians' faith in God and the federal government to redress their grievances.

FAITH

 

417-421  African-American teenagers and children - close-ups.

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M351-417

Male African-American teenager.  Local African-American male teenager - close-up.

 

M351-418

African-American girl.  Local African-American girl, a member of the Durr family - close-up.

________ DURR

M351-419

African-American girls.  Two local African-American girls - close-ups.

 

M351-420

Sandy, Julia Linda Clark.  Two local African-American girls (left to right) Sandy (last name unknown) and Julia Linda Clark - close-up.

JULIA LINDA CLARK

SANDY________

M351-421

Sandy.  Local African-American girl Sandy - close-up.

SANDY________

 

422-426  Folksingers

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M351-422

Female folksingers.  Two Caucasian female folksingers, of the many who toured the state. Alex Dobkin is in the foreground.

ALEX DOBKIN

FOLKSINGERS

M351-423

Female folksingers (2).  Two Caucasian female folksingers. Alex Dobkin is in the foreground.

ALEX DOBKIN

FOLKSINGERS

M351-424

Female folksingers (3).  Two Caucasian female folksingers.  Alex Dobkin is in the foreground.

ALEX DOBKIN

FOLKSINGERS

M351-425

Freedom Singers.  Folksingers (left to right) Chico Neblett and Matthew Jones, both members of the Freedom Singers. 

MATTHEW JONES

CHICONEBLETT

FREEDOM SINGERS

FOLKSINGERS

M351-426

Gil Turner.  Folksinger Gil Turner.

GIL TURNER

FOLKSINGERS

 

SUB-SERIES 11, Prints #427-489:  Freedom Schools, July 1964

 

427-442  Arthur and Carolyn Reese at Freedom School registration

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M351-427

Arthur and Carolyn Reese at St. Paul United Methodist Church.  Arthur and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), Co-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, leave St. Paul United Methodist Church at 215 East 5th Street.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

M351-428

Carolyn and Arthur Reese and others.   Arthur and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stand talking with two Caucasian volunteers and a local African-American male inside a church, probably St. Paul United Methodist Church at 215 East 5th Street.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-429

Carolyn and Arthur Reese in front of project headquarters.   Carolyn and Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, confer over a document outside project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. On the window behind them is a poster promoting the US Senate campaign of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray, whose headquarters were also located at 507 Mobile Street, and a SNCC bumper sticker reading "SNCC / One Man X One Vote".

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

MFDP

M351-430

Carolyn and Arthur Reese - close-up.   Carolyn and Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. Close-up of Carolyn Reese with Arthur Reese in the background.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-431

Carolyn and Arthur Reese at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church.   Carolyn and Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stand on the front steps of probably Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.  Between them is a chalkboard sign reading "Freedom School Applicants / Come to Rear of Church / Time: 8-12 a.m. / 1-4 p.m. / 6-9 p.m.".

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-432

School registration (2).  Freedom School registration sign - close-up.  The sign, written on a chalkboard posted on the front steps of what is probably Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing, reads "Freedom School Applicants / Come to Rear of Church / Time: 8-12 a.m. / 1-4 p.m. / 6-9 p.m.".

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-433

Freedom School registration (3).  Freedom School registration at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.  Carolyn and Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stand in front of a table placed outdoors beside the church. Three local African-American teenagers sit at or stand near the table. In the background is a permanent sign reading "Welcome to / Priest Creek Missionary / Baptist Church / Reverend I.C. Allen, Minister ...".

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-434

School registration.   A large crowd of local African-American children and teenagers along with several volunteers participate in Freedom School registration at and near a table placed outdoors at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Volunteer 'Big Daddy' stands on the far left.

'BIG DADDY'

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-435

Lorne Cress assists with school registration.  Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project, wearing a kerchief on her head, assists with Freedom School registration at table placed outdoors at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Two Freedom School students sit at the table with her, and two stand behind.

LORNE CRESS

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-436

Carolyn Reese and African-American children.  Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, leaves by the side door of Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. She is surrounded by local African-American children (the little girl is Cynthia Beard). In the foreground are voter registration volunteers Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) and Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University).

CYNTHIA BEARD

JACOB BLUM

CAROLYN REESE

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-437

Carolyn Reese leaving Priest Creek Baptist Church.  Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, leaves by the side door of Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.  A local African-American girl, Cynthia Beard, stands in the left foreground.  To her right stands voter registration volunteers Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University) and, to her right, Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University).

CYNTHIA BEARD

JACOB BLUM

CAROLYN REESE

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-438

Carolyn Reese, Cynthia Beard, and Jacob Blum.  Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stands outside the side door of Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. A local African-American girl, Cynthia Beard, is playfully lifted up by voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) while four other Caucasian male volunteers stand nearby.

CYNTHIA BEARD

JACOB BLUM

CAROLYN REESE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-439

Cynthia Beard and Jacob Blum.  Local African-American girl Cynthia Beard sits on the shoulders of voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) near the side door of Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Another Caucasian male volunteer wearing a SNCC pin stands to their right holding Cynthia's hand.

CYNTHIA BEARD

JACOB BLUM

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SNCC

M351-440

FreedomSchoolstudents arrive.   A group of local African-American children eagerly arrive at Freedom School, probably at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. In the foreground is Lawrence Stewart.  Behind him are his sisters Gwen, Nareetha, and Trisha.

GWEN STEWART

LAWRENCESTEWART

NAREETHA STEWART

TRISHA STEWART

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-441

Arthur and Carolyn Reese waving.  Arthur and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, wave to local African-American boy 'Little Jimmy' sitting on the steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. 

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

'LITTLE JIMMY'

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

POVERTY

M351-442

'Little Jimmy'.  Local African-American boy 'Little Jimmy' sitting on the steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. 

'LITTLE JIMMY'

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

POVERTY

 

443-444 Arthur and Carolyn Reese with Susan Stokes

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M351-443

Reeses with Susan Stokes.   Carolyn and Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher and  principal), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, talk with local African-American resident Susan Stokes outdoors.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

SUSAN STOKES

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

M351-444

Carolyn Reese and Susan Stokes.  Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, with local African-American resident Susan Stokes indoors.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

SUSAN STOKES

FREEDOMSCHOOLS (?)

 

445-448 In the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street

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M351-445

Reeses in meeting.   Arthur and Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal and teacher), CO-Coordinators of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, (center and right background) lead a meeting with three Caucasian volunteers in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

ARTHUR REESE

CAROLYN REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

M351-446

Volunteers and paperwork.  Four volunteers do paperwork at tables in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. At the far right, wearing glasses, is Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

DENISE JACKSON

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

M351-447

Arthur Reese and volunteers.  Another view of the meeting with volunteers led by Arthur Reese (foreground) (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

ARTHUR REESE

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

M351-448

Paperwork at COFO-Hattiesburg project headquarters.   Two Caucasian female volunteers do paperwork at tables in the back room of project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

 

449-463  Freedom Schools, mostly at Morning Star Baptist Church

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M351-449

Locals in church parking lot.   Near a sign reading "Parking for Pastor Only" stand three local African-American residents: an elderly man and two boys.  Taken probably in the parking lot of Morning Star Baptist Church, pastor Reverend Cloudy Lumzy, at 1406 Elizabeth Avenue. Prints # 449-459 are of photographs apparently taken of the same Freedom School class meeting as prints #326-333.  Each group comes from a different negative roll, reflecting Herbert Randall's use of two cameras to photograph the same scene.

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-450

FreedomSchoolclass outdoors.   A Freedom School class taught by volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), wearing a paisley print dress, sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. On the far right of the row of chairs are seated (left to right) students Renee McCollum and Sharon Hunter. Catherine Oatis is the student wearing a checked dress sitting on the grass.

SHARON HUNTER

RENEE MCCOLLUM

CATHERINE OATIS

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-451

FreedomSchoolclass outdoors (2).   A Freedom School class taught by volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), wearing a paisley print dress, sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. On the far right of the row of chairs are seated (left to right) students Renee McCollum and Sharon Hunter.  Catherine Oatis is the student wearing a checked dress sitting on the grass.

SHARON HUNTER

RENEE MCCOLLUM

CATHERINE OATIS

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-452

Catherine Oatis.  Freedom School student Catherine Oatis sings and claps her hands - close-up.

CATHERINE OATIS

SINGING

M351-453

Barbara Schwartzbaum and class outdoors.   A Freedom School class taught by volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), wearing a paisley print dress, sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. 

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-454

Barbara Schwartzbaum and class outdoors (2).  A Freedom School class taught by volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), wearing a paisley print dress, sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. 

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-455

Singing and clapping outdoors.  A Freedom School class sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. In the background are (left to right) Sharon Hunter and Renee McCollum.

SHARON HUNTER

RENEE MCCOLLUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-456

Sharon Hunter singing and clapping.   FreedomSchoolstudent Sharon Hunter singing and clapping her hands - close-up.

SHARON HUNTER

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-457

Singing and clapping outdoors (2).  A Freedom School class sings and claps their hands as they sit outdoors on chairs and on the lawn of Morning Star Baptist Church. Catherine Oatis is the student at bottom left.

CATHERINE OATIS

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-458

Freedom School students singing outdoors.  Three male Freedom School students singing probably outside Morning Star Baptist Church - close-up. David Wilson is on the left, and a member of the Taylor family is on the right.

________ TAYLOR

DAVID WILSON

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-459

Freedom School students singing outdoors (2).  Three male Freedom School students singing probably outside Morning Star Baptist Church - close-up. Donald Denard is in the center.

DONALD DENARD

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-460

Teenagers singing.  Two African-American male teenagers singing - close-up.

SINGING

M351-461

Teenagers singing (2).  Two African-American male teenagers singing - close-up.  Samuel Jones is in the foreground.

SAMUEL JONES

SINGING

M351-462

Singing.  An African-American boy or teenager singing - close-up.

SINGING

M351-463

Arthur Reese lectures.   Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg Freedom Schools, lectures to a Freedom School class.

ARTHUR REESE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

464  Children outdoors

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M351-464

"Slow / School".  Two local African-American children stand on an unpaved road near a sign that reads "Slow / School".

 

 

465-482  Freedom School students, teachers, and aides

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M351-465

Dick Kelly and Freedom School students.  A Freedom School class meets with teacher Dick Kelly (?) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) around a table in the front of the sanctuary of Mt Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street.  See also # 489.

DICK KELLY (?)

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-466

Dick Kelly and Freedom School students (2).  A Freedom School class meets with teacher Dick Kelly (?) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) around a table in the front of the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street.  See also # 489.

DICK KELLY (?)

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-467

William D. Jones.  Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools) teaching a Freedom School class in True Light Baptist Church (?) at 1101 Dewey Street.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH (?)

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-468

Denise Jackson teaching.  Volunteer Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College) teaching a Freedom School class in Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street.  The book she is holding is Before the Mayflower: A History of the Negro in America, 1619-1962 by Lerone Bennett, Jr., published in 1961.

DENISE JACKSON

BEFORE THE MAYFLOWER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-469

Daisy Harris.   Local civil rights leader Daisy Harris assists with a Freedom School class probably at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

DAISY HARRIS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-470

Catherine Oatis attending Freedom School.  Freedom School student Catherine Oatis, probably attending class at Morning Star Baptist Church at 1406 Elizabeth Avenue.

CATHERINE OATIS

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-471

Male student.  A male Freedom School student.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-472

Students.  Three Freedom School students.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-473

Students (2).  Three Freedom School students.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-474

Students (3).  Two Freedom School students.  Mitchell McGee (?) is on the right.

MITCHELL MCGEE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-475

FreedomSchoolstudent writing.   A male Freedom School student sits writing on a pad resting on his knees.

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-476

Cheryl Moore and Unidentified Girl.    Two students in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church at 1406 Elizabeth Avenue: (left to right) Cheryl Moore, Unidentified Girl.

CHERYL MOORE

UNIDENTIFIED GIRL

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-477

Renee McCollum.  Freedom School student Renee McCollum - close-up.  She attended the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church at 1406 Elizabeth Avenue.

RENEE MCCOLLUM

MORNINGSTAR BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-478

Anthony Harris.   FreedomSchoolstudent Anthony Harris - close-up.  He attended the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street.

ANTHONY HARRIS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-479

Freedom School student.  An African-American boy sits on one of several concrete posts lining a sidewalk, possibly marking the parking lot of a participating African-American church.

________CHURCH

M351-480

Freedom School student (2).  An African-American girl sits on one of several concrete posts lining a sidewalk, possibly marking the parking lot of a participating African-American church.

________CHURCH

M351-481

Freedom School student (3).  An African-American girl sits on one of several concrete posts lining a sidewalk, possibly marking the parking lot of a participating African-American church.

EBONY

AFRICA: HER HISTORY, LANDS AND PEOPLE, TOLD WITH PICTURES

________CHURCH

M351-482

Freedom School publications.  Close-up of two publications used to teach African-American history in the Freedom Schools: an issue of Ebony magazine and the book Africa: Her History, Lands and People, Told with Pictures by John Alfred Williams published in 1962.

 

 

483-488  Freedom School students reading "Ebony" magazine

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M351-483

Group reading Ebony on the porch.   A group of teenaged male Freedom School students sit on and near the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading issues of Ebony magazine, which they probably had never seen before. Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stands talking to them.

ARTHUR REESE

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-484

Group reading Ebony on porch (2).  A group of teenaged male Freedom School students sit on and near the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading issues of Ebony magazine, which they probably had never seen before. Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stands talking to them.

ARTHUR REESE

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-485

Group reading Ebony on porch (3).  A group of teenaged male Freedom School students sit on and near the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading issues of Ebony magazine, which they probably had never seen before. Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stands talking to them. Closer view.

ARTHUR REESE

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-486

Reading Ebony magazine.  Two teenaged male Freedom School students sit on and near the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading issues of Ebony magazine, which they probably had never seen before. Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project, stands talking to them. Closer view.

ARTHUR REESE

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-487

Ebony magazine in Freedom School.   A teenaged male Freedom School student lies on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading an issue of Ebony magazine, which he probably had never seen before. A photograph of the late President John F. Kennedy fills the left page of the magazine.

PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-488

Ebony magazine in Freedom School (2).  A teenaged male Freedom School student lies on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street reading an issue of Ebony magazine, which he probably had never seen before.  A photograph of the late President John F. Kennedy fills the left page of the magazine.

PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY

EBONY

GRAVEL LINE STREET

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

489  Bible on pulpit in Mt. Zion Baptist Church

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M351-489

Bible resting on pulpit.  An open Bible rests on the pulpit in Mt. Zion Baptist Church during a Freedom School class meeting.  See also # 465, 466.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

FAITH

 

SUB-SERIES 12, Prints #490-509:  Sandra Adickes' Freedom School classes; Sandy Leigh and Doug Smith do voter registration canvassing, July-August 1964

 

490-500  Sandra Adickes' Freedom School classes

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M351-490

Sandra Adickes.  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools) stands reading from a sheet of paper as two students sitting on straight-back chairs take notes on their laps in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-491

Students take notes.  Freedom School students (left to right) Ethel Murrell Stokes and Teresa Clark sit on straight-back chairs and take notes on their laps in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing while their teacher volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools) reads aloud from a book.

SANDRA ADICKES

TERESA CLARK

ETHEL MURRELL STOKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-492

Sandra Adickes and Curtis Ducksworth.    Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), a teacher in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing, and student Curtis Ducksworth look together at curriculum materials.

SANDRA ADICKES

CURTIS DUCKSWORTH

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-493

Sandra Adickes teaches Freedom School class (2).  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), teaches one of her Freedom School classes at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-494

Sandra Adickes teaches Freedom School class.   Volunteer Sandra Adickes (center) (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), teaches one of her Freedom School classes at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.  Seated second from left is student Carolyn Moncure and on the far right her sister Diane Moncure.  The Moncure girls lived in New Orleans, Louisiana and were visiting their grandmother in Palmers Crossing for the summer. Another student is Ola Mae Liggett.

SANDRA ADICKES

OLA MAE LIGGETT

CAROLYN MONCURE

DIANE MONCURE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-495

Sandra Adickes - close-up (2).  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), a teacher in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-496

Sandra Adickes - close-up.   Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), a teacher in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-497

Sandra Adickes and Diane Moncure.  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (center) (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), teaches one of her Freedom School classes at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Seated on the right is student Diane Moncure, a resident of New Orleans, Louisiana, spending the summer with her grandmother in Palmers Crossing.

SANDRA ADICKES

DIANE MONCURE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-498

Sandra Adickes and the Moncure girls.  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (center) (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), teaches one of her Freedom School classes at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing. Seated on the far right is student Carolyn Moncure and on her right her sister Diane Moncure. The Moncure girls lived in New Orleans, Louisiana and were visiting their grandmother in Palmers Crossing for the summer. 

SANDRA ADICKES

CAROLYN MONCURE

DIANE MONCURE

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-499

Sandra Adickes - close-up (3).  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), a teacher in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-500

Sandra Adickes - close-up (4).  Volunteer Sandra Adickes (New York City; a teacher in the Harlem public schools), a teacher in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

SANDRA ADICKES

PRIESTCREEK MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

501-509  Sandy Leigh and Doug Smith do voter registration canvassing

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M351-501

Sandy Leigh and Doug Smith do voter registration canvassing (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17 year-old local African-American activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-502

Sandy Leigh and Doug Smith do voter registration canvassing.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17 year-old local black activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-503

Sandy Leigh and Doug Smith do voter registration canvassing (3).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17 year-old local African-American activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-504

Sandy Leigh and Sylvester Magee.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, explains voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-505

Sandy Leigh and Sylvester Magee - close-up.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, explains voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch - close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-506

Sandy Leigh, Doug Smith and Sylvester Magee.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17 year-old local African-American activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-507

Sandy Leigh, Doug Smith and Sylvester Magee (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17-year-old local African-American activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103 year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-508

Sylvester Magee - close-up.   103-year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee - close-up.

Sylvester Magee

M351-509

Sandy Leigh, Doug Smith and Sylvester Magee (3).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (right) (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, and 17 year-old local African-American activist Doug Smith (left), Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the project, explain voter registration procedures to 103-year-old African-American resident Sylvester Magee on his front porch.

SANDY LEIGH

DOUG SMITH

Sylvester Magee

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

SUB-SERIES 13, Prints #510-650:  Voter registration canvassing, MFDP meetings, July-August 1964

 

510-524  Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing in the African-American neighborhoods

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Identifications

M351-510

Jim Nance.  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee) walks down the railroad tracks near 5th and Mobile Streets on his way to canvass an African-American neighborhood door-to-door, explaining voter registration procedures.  See also print #756.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-511

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing.   Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, talks with African-American residents in front of their home in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets. He is accompanied by a young African-American woman.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-512

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing (2).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee) writes down information as a local African-American resident looks on in front of his home in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-513

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing (3).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, talks with African-American residents in front of their home in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-514

Children on front porch (2).  Two local African-American children sit on their front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

M351-515

Local African-American children.  Four local African-American children on their front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

M351-516

Local residents.  Four local African-American children and two adults on their front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

M351-517

Children on porch.   Two local African-American children sit on their front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

M351-518

Toddler on porch.   An African-American toddler sits on a front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets - close-up.

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

M351-519

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing (4).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee) approaches a house near 5th and Mobile Streets in order to explain voter registration procedures to the residents.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-520

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration canvassing (5).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, explains voter registration procedures to an African-American resident on his front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets. Reverend Nance wears a SNCC pin and is accompanied by a young African-American woman.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-521

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration (6).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, writes down information as an African-American resident laughs on his front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-522

Reverend Jim Nance does voter registration (7).  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, writes down information as an African-American resident laughs on his front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-523

Reverend Jim Nance laughs with a potential voter.  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a straw hat, writes down information as an African-American resident laughs on his front porch in an impoverished neighborhood near 5th and Mobile Streets.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

POVERTY

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-524

Reverend Jim Nance.   Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee), wearing a SNCC pin - close-up.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

525-536  Three volunteers do voter registration canvassing in the African-American neighborhoods

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M351-525

Volunteers do voter registration canvassing.   Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) enter an African-American neighborhood in order to go door-to-door explaining voter registration procedures to the residents. A local activist or Freedom Summer staff or volunteer typically accompanied the visiting ministers.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-526

Volunteers do voter registration canvassing (2).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) enter an African-American neighborhood in order to go door-to-door explaining voter registration procedures to the residents.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-527

Voter registration canvassing of Hattiesburg woman (2).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to an African-American female resident on her front porch.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-528

Voter registration canvassing of Hattiesburg woman (3).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, explain voter registration procedures to an African-American female resident on her front porch.

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-529

Voter registration canvassing of Hattiesburg woman (4).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to an African-American female resident on her front porch.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-530

Voter registration canvassing of Hattiesburg woman.    Two men, one African-American , one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to an African-American female resident on her front porch.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-531

Voter registration canvassing of Hattiesburg woman (5).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to a African-American female resident on her front porch.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-532

Volunteers do voter registration canvassing (3).  Two men, one African-American, one Caucasian, probably visiting ministers with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, on the front porch of a local resident.

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-533

Child with minister.   A Caucasian man, probably a visiting minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, caresses the head of a little African-American girl on the front porch of a local resident.

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-534

Child with minister (2).  A Caucasian man, probably a visiting minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, listens to a little African-American girl as they sit together inside her family home.

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-535

Explaining voter registration.  An African-American man, probably a visiting minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to local residents in their home.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-536

Dick Kelly explains voter registration.   An African-American man, probably a visiting minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, and Freedom School teacher Dick Kelly (right) (Chicago, Illinois; a student at the University of Chicago) explain voter registration procedures to local residents in their home.

DICK KELLY

MINISTERS PROJECT

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

537-541 Reverend Bob Beech at Hattiesburg Ministers Project headquarters at 522 Mobile Street

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M351-537

Reverend Bob Beech at Hattiesburg Ministers Project Headquarters.  Reverend Bob Beech (Hebron, Illinois) is seen talking on the telephone through the window of the headquarters of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, which he directed from 1964 to 1966. The headquarters was located in the Masonic Lodge at 522 Mobile Street, on the corner of 6th Street, down the block from the Freedom Summer headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. In the front of the Masonic Lodge was local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley's Radio & TV Service. The two-story concrete block building is one of the few buildings still standing in the 500 block of Mobile Street. Reflected in the window is the image of Herbert Randall taking the photograph. Partially covering the window is a sign reading "Hattiesburg, Miss. / Ministers Project".

REVEREND BOB BEECH

HERBERT RANDALL

MASONIC LODGE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-538

Reverend Bob Beech outside the Hattiesburg Ministers Project headquarters. Reverend Bob Beech (Hebron, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, (left) stands outside the project's headquarters talking with a white man who is probably a visiting minister. Partially covering the window is a sign reading "Hattiesburg, Miss. / Ministers Project".  Another, smaller, sign reads "Vote in November".  Reflected in the window is the sign of the business across the street, Bourn Grocery & Market, located at 523 Mobile Street.  The grocery building is no longer extant.

REVEREND BOB BEECH

BOURN GROCERY & MARKET

MASONIC LODGE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-539

Reverend Bob Beech outside the Hattiesburg Ministers Project headquarters (2).  Reverend Bob Beech (Hebron, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, (left) stands outside the project's headquarters talking with a white man who is probably a visiting minister.  Partially covering the window is a sign reading "Hattiesburg, Miss. / Ministers Project".  Another, smaller, sign reads "Vote in November".  Reflected in the window is the sign of the business across the street, Bourn Grocery & Market, located at 523 Mobile Street. The grocery building is no longer extant.

REVEREND BOB BEECH

BOURN GROCERY & MARKET

MASONIC LODGE

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-540

Reverend Bob Beech - close-up.   Reverend Bob Beech (Hebron, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, talks on the telephone inside the project's headquarters - close-up.

REVEREND BOB BEECH

MINISTERS PROJECT

M351-541

SavannahPearson and Reverend Bob Beech.   Reverend Bob Beech (Hebron, Illinois), Director of the Hattiesburg Ministers Project, talks with local resident Savannah Pearson, Secretary of the project, inside the project's headquarters - close-up.

REVEREND BOB BEECH

SAVANNAHPEARSON

MINISTERS PROJECT

 

542-553  Freedom School Teachers

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Identifications

M351-542

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Eugene Covelli (2).  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) sit at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. They are Freedom School teachers.

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-543

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Eugene Covelli. Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) sit at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  They are Freedom School teachers. Susan is holding a paperback edition of Herbert Aptheker's Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1526-1860, first published in 1939 and a part of the Freedom Schools curriculum.

NEGRO SLAVE REVOLTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1526-1860

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-544

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Eugene Covelli (3). Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher)sit at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.  They are Freedom School teachers. Susan is holding a paperback edition of Herbert Aptheker's Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1526-1860, first published in 1939 and a part of the Freedom Schools curriculum.

NEGRO SLAVE REVOLTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1526-1860

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-545

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Eugene Covelli (4). Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) sit at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. They are Freedom School teachers. Susan is holding a paperback edition of Herbert Aptheker's Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1526-1860, first published in 1939 and a part of the Freedom Schools curriculum.

NEGRO SLAVE REVOLTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1526-1860

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-546

Eugene Covelli - close-up (2).  Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) sits at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

M351-547

Eugene Covelli - close-up.   Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) sits at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project’s headquarters at 507 Mobile Street. 

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

M351-548

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, outside.  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) Freedom School teachers stand in front of a red brick building, probably True Light Baptist Church.

TRUE LIGHT BAPITST (?) CHURCH

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-549

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste.  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY),  sits looking at books used in the curriculum.

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-550

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Alma Travis.  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), sits next to Alma Travis, one of her students.

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

ALMA TRAVIS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-551

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and students (2).  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), sits between two of her students, Alma Travis (right) and Barbara Connors (left).

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

BARBARA CONNORS

ALMA TRAVIS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-552

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and students.   Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), sits with three of her students, Barbara Connors (left), Alma Travis (center), and Emma Davis (right).

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

BARBARA CONNORS

EMMA DAVIS

ALMA TRAVIS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-553

Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste, and Eugene Covelli with Carolyn Reese.  Susan Patterson Rigolo, now Temple Weste (New York City, New York; Cornell University; originally Buffalo, NY), and Eugene Covelli (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; University of Wisconsin; Philadelphia Public Schools History Teacher) at a table in an office which is probably the Hattiesburg project's headquarters at 507 Mobile Street with volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project's Freedom Schools.

CAROLYN REESE

SUSAN PATTERSON RIGOLO, now TEMPLE WESTE

EUGENE COVELLI

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

554-574  Voter registration and MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street

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M351-554

Jacob Blum hangs a voter registration sign (2).  Voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) hangs on the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the U.S.A. / Register to Vote".

JACOB BLUM

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-555

Jacob Blum hangs a voter registration sign (3).  Voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) hangs on the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

JACOB BLUM

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-556

Jacob Blum hangs a voter registration sign.   Voter registration volunteer Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) looks back at the camera after hanging on the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

JACOB BLUM

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-557

Doug Tuchman and Jacob Blum.  Volunteers (left to right) Doug Tuchman (New York City) and Jacob Blum (Roslyn Heights, New York; a student at Yale University) stand on the front steps of Mt. Zion Baptist Church near a sign reading "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote". Blum did voter registration work and Tuchman was a Freedom School teacher at Mt. Zion.

JACOB BLUM

DOUG TOUCHMAN

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-558

Voter registration meeting.   Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration. The location has not been identified.

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-559

Voter registration meeting (2).   Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration.

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-560

Local African-American residents at voter registration meeting (2).  Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration. The women are local civil rights leaders (left to right) Earline Boyd, Marie Blalock, Lenon E. Woods, and Helen Anderson.

HELEN ANDERSON

MARIE BLALOCK

EARLINE BOYD

LENON E. WOODS

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-561

Local African-American residents at voter registration meeting.    Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration.  The women are local civil rights leaders (left to right) Earline Boyd, Marie Blalock, Lenon E. Woods, and Helen Anderson.

HELEN ANDERSON

MARIE BLALOCK

EARLINE BOYD

LENON E. WOODS

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-562

Local African-American residents at voter registration meeting (3).  Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration. The women are local civil rights leaders (left to right) Lenon E. Woods and Helen Anderson.  In the lower right corner appears a document which reads "'... regardless of any party, sect[ion] or interest involved'".

HELEN ANDERSON

LENON E. WOODS

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-563

Local African-American residents at voter registration meeting (4).  Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration. The women are local civil rights leaders (left to right) Earline Boyd, Marie Blalock, and Lenon E. Woods.

HELEN ANDERSON

MARIE BLALOCK

EARLINE BOYD

LENON E. WOODS

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-564

Voter registration meeting (3).   Volunteers and local African-American activists meet in a small room to discuss presumably voter registration. 

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-565

MFDP registration at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.    A Caucasian female volunteer sitting at a table on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church hands MFDP registration materials to a local African-American female resident. Nearby on the front of the church is the sign reading "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote". 

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-566

Group of local African-American women at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   A group of local African-American residents gathers on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church as a Caucasian female volunteer works with a card file at a table nearby.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-567

Local residents at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.  Three local African-American women gather on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church as a Caucasian female volunteer works with a card file at a table nearby.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-568

Anne Smith at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Three local African-American residents gather on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.  Local activist Anne Smith Taylor, sister of Doug Smith, Deputy Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, is in the center.  Both she and the woman to her left are wearing SNCC pins.

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-569

"M to Z" table at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (3).  Local African-American residents stop at a table with a sign reading "M to Z" on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion, sits at the table consulting a card file.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-570

"M to Z" table at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion, staffs a table labeled "M to Z" on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.  A stack of handbills reading "Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party" is on the table between a card file and a typewriter.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-571

MFDP registration at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Local African-American resident Harvey Stewart stops at a table on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church staffed by volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion.

BETH MORE

HARVEY STEWART

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-572

MFDP registration at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (3).  A local African-American male resident stops at a table on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church staffed by volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-573

"M to Z" table at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   A local African-American female resident stops at a table on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church staffed by volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-574

MFDP registration at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (4).  A local African-American female resident stops at a table on the front porch of Mt. Zion Baptist Church staffed by volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

575-583  Local African-American residents and volunteers outside Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street

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M351-575

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view (2).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-576

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view.   A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-577

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view (3).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-578

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view (4).  A large group of local residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-579

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view (5).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-580

Mt. Zion Baptist Church exterior view (6).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gather at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-581

Participants leave MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Closer view of local African-American residents and volunteers gathered at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".  Two of the local African-American men are James Bourne and Harvey Stewart.

JAMES BOURNE

HARVEY STEWART

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-582

Participants leave MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Closer view of local African-American residents and volunteers gathered at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote". 

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-583

Doug Tuchman at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.    Closer view of local African-American residents and volunteers gathered at the front of Mt. Zion Baptist Church, on which is erected a sign which reads "Help Make Mississippi Part of the USA / Register to Vote".  On the right is volunteer Doug Tuchman (New York City), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion.

DOUG TOUCHMAN

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

 

584-602Voter registration and MFDP meeting at St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing

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M351-584

MFDP meeting at St. John United Methodist Church.   A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers at the front of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. They have probably been attending a voter registration meeting. On the left is local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley. To his left is volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg. To his left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project). On the step below her is local African-American resident Helen Ducksworth.

LORNE CRESS

HELEN DUCKSWORTH

J.C. FAIRLEY

WILLIAM D. JONES

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-585

Mrs. Sullivan and Mrs. Cutrer.  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers at the front of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. A Mrs. Sullivan looks over the stair rail, and a Mrs. Cutrer stands on the step below with a white purse.

________ CUTRER

________ SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-586

Mrs. Sullivan and Mrs. Cutrer (2).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers at the front of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Mrs. Sullivan looks over the stair rail, and Mrs. Cutrer stands on the step below with a white purse.

________ CUTRER

________ SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-587

Sandy Leigh, residents volunteers outside St. John United Methodist Church.  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, is at the far right, leaning against a car in the parking lot.

SANDY LEIGH

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-588

Barbara Schwartzbaum leaving St. John United Methodist Church.  Volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), who was a teacher in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, leaves the front entrance of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing as a local African-American girl looks on.

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-589

Outside St. John United Methodist Church.  Two local African-American male residents and a Caucasian female volunteer stand in front of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. The man on the left is Matt Connor.

MATT CONNOR

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-590

After MFDP meeting at St. John United Methodist Church.   A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, sits on the stair rail playing with local child Tilton Sullivan.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-591

Tilton Sullivan and William D. Jones.  Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, leans on the stair rail of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing talking with local child Tilton Sullivan.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-592

Tilton Sullivan and William D. Jones - close-up (2).  Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, leans on the stair rail of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing talking with local child Tilton Sullivan - closer view.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-593

Tilton Sullivan and William D. Jones - close-up (3).  Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, leans on the stair rail of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing talking with local child Tilton Sullivan - closer view.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-594

Tilton Sullivan and William D. Jones - close-up.   Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, sits on the stair rail of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing playing with local child Tilton Sullivan.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-595

William D. Jones and local children.  Volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg, leans on the stair rail of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing talking with local child Tilton Sullivan as two other children play nearby.

WILLIAM D. JONES

TILTON SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-596

Volunteer and residents.  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Local African-American resident Mrs. Sullivan looks over the stair rail, local African-American resident Helen Ducksworth stands on the left of the three women in the lower right, and volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project) stands on the right.

LORNE CRESS

HELEN DUCKSWORTH

________ SULLIVAN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-597

Outside St. John United Methodist Church (2).  A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-598

MFDP caucus group.   A large group of local African-American residents and some volunteers gathers on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Local resident Helen Ducksworth stands second from the left in the group of four women standing in the parking lot, and volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project) stands on the right of the group.

LORNE CRESS

HELEN DUCKSWORTH

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-599

Outside St. John United Methodist Church (3).  Local African-American residents, children, and volunteers gather on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Third from the left, wearing a striped top, is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project). The African-American man leaning on the stair rail is volunteer William D. Jones (native of Birmingham, Alabama; teacher in the Long Island, New York public schools), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

LORNE CRESS

WILLIAM D. JONES

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-600

J.C. Fairley and Helen Ducksworth.  Local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley and local African-American resident Helen Ducksworth stand on the front porch of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

HELEN DUCKSWORTH

J.C. FAIRLEY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-601

Outside St. John United Methodist Church (4).  Local residents and volunteers gather on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-602

Outside St. John United Methodist Church (5).  Local residents and volunteers gather on the steps and in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

603-608Local African-American residents and volunteers in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing

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M351-603

Carrie Houze and others.   Local African-American residents and volunteers in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing probably after a voter registration and MFDP meeting. Local African-American resident Carrie Houze is on the right.

CARRIE HOUZE

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-604

Sandy Leigh, Lenelle Vaughn, and others (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, stands next to three African-American female residents in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. Lenelle Vaughn is on his left.

SANDY LEIGH

LENELL VAUGHN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-605

Sandy Leigh, Lenelle Vaughn, and others.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, stands next to local African-American resident Lenelle Vaughn in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

SANDY LEIGH

LENELL VAUGHN

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-606

Talking in St. John parking lot.   A Caucasian male volunteer sits on a car talking with a local African-American male resident in the parking lot of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing. The man on the right has been identified only as Alonso.

ALONSO ________

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-607

Exterior view of the front of St. John United Methodist Church (2).  Exterior view of the front of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

M351-608

Exterior view of St. John Methodist Church.   Exterior view of the side of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

 

609-612 Event at Palmers Crossing Community Center

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M351-609

Event at Palmers Crossing Community Center.   A large group of local African-American residents, children, and some volunteers gathers outside the Palmers Crossing Community Center across Old Airport Road from the Hi-Hat Club with its Budweiser sign in Palmers Crossing.

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-610

Event at Palmers Crossing Community Center - closer view (2).   A large group of local African-American residents, children, and some volunteers gathers outside the Palmers Crossing Community Center.

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-611

Event at Palmers Crossing Community Center - closer view (3).   A large group of local African-American residents, children, and some volunteers gathers outside the Palmers Crossing Community Center - closer view.

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-612

Event at Palmers Crossing Community Center - closer view (4).   A large group of local African-American residents, children, and some volunteers gathers outside the Palmers Crossing Community Center - closer view.

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

613-616 MFDP meetings at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street in Hattiesburg and at St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing

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M351-613

MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Probably an MFDP meeting of local African-American residents and some volunteers in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Local activist Anne Smith Taylor is sitting in the middle of the center pew.

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-614

MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Probably an MFDP meeting of local African-American residents and some volunteers in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Local activist Anne Smith Bailey is sitting in the middle of the center pew.

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-615

MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (3).  Probably an MFDP meeting of local African-American residents and some volunteers in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church, presided over by SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project. Sitting on the left end of the right front pew is local African-American resident Betty Stepps, and behind her is local African-American resident Julia May Clark.

JULIA MAY CLARK

SANDY LEIGH

BETTY STEPPS

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-616

MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (4).  Probably an MFDP meeting of local African-American residents and some volunteers in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church. Standing at the left is local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley.

J.C. FAIRLEY

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

617-624 Victoria Jackson Gray speaks to MFDP meeting at St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing

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M351-617

Victoria Jackson Gray confers with Sandy Leigh.  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the U.S. Senate on the MFDP ticket, confers with SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

SANDY LEIGH

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-618

Victoria Jackson Gray speaks at MFDP meeting at St. John (2).  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, speaks from notes at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-619

Victoria Jackson Gray speaks at MFDP meeting at St. John.   Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, speaks at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-620

Victoria Jackson Gray speaks at MFDP meeting at St. John (3).  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, speaks from notes at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-621

Victoria Jackson Gray speaks at MFDP meeting at St. John – close-up.  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, speaks at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-622

Victoria Jackson Gray speaks at MFDP meeting at St. John – close-up (2).  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, speaks from notes at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-623

Victoria Jackson Gray at MFDP meeting.  Victoria Jackson Gray, local civil rights leader and candidate for the US Senate on the MFDP ticket, reacts at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-624

Sandy Leigh at St. John Methodist Church.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing - close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

ST. JOHNUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

625-633 MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street in Hattiesburg

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M351-625

Anne Smith Taylor speaks to MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Local activist Anne Smith Taylor speaks from notes to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-626

Anne Smith Taylor speaks to MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Local activist Anne Smith Taylor speaks from notes to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-627

Mrs. Stewart and Earline Boyd.  Two local African-American activists, Mrs. Stewart and Earline Boyd, at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

EARLINE BOYD

________ STEWART

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-628

Earline Boyd speaks to MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Local African-American activist Earline Boyd stands to speak to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church while Mrs. Stewart sits at her side.

EARLINE BOYD

________ STEWART

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-629

Andrew Wilson speaks to MFDP meeting at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Local African-American activist Andrew Wilson speaks to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANDREW WILSON

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-630

Doris Townsend records MFDP vote.   Local African-American resident Doris Townsend tallies on a blackboard votes for Secretary of the Forrest County MFDP at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

DORIS TOWNSEND

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-631

Lorne Cress records MFDP vote.   Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois), Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project, tallies on a blackboard votes for Chairman of the Forrest County MFDP at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Candidates are listed as George Harper (who won), Andrew Wilson, and Betty Stepps.

LORNE CRESS

GEORGE HARPER

BETTY STEPPS

ANDREW WILSON

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-632

Anthony 'Arrow' Beaulieu at Mt. Zion Baptist Church (2).  Voter registration volunteer Anthony 'Arrow’ Beaulieu (San Francisco, California; a student at Dartmouth College) speaks to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANTHONY BEAULIEU

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-633

Anthony 'Arrow' Beaulieu at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Voter registration volunteer Anthony 'Arrow’ Beaulieu (San Francisco, California; a student at Dartmouth College) speaks to an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANTHONY BEAULIEU

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

634-639? MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist Church (?) at 215 East 5th Street in Hattiesburg

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M351-634

Blalock, Connor, and Patton at MFDP meeting at St. Paul (2).  Three local civil rights leaders sit together in a crowded MFDP meeting on the front pew in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. They are (left to right) Marie Blalock, Peggy Jean Connor, and Vassie Patton. Mrs. Connor was Treasurer of the Hattiesburg project and state Executive Secretary of the MFDP.

MARIE BLALOCK

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

VASSIE PATTON

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-635

Blalock, Connor, and Patton at MFDP meeting at St. Paul.   Three local civil rights leaders sit together in a crowded MFDP meeting on the front pew in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church. They are (left to right) Marie Blalock, Peggy Jean Connor, and Vassie Patton.

MARIE BLALOCK

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

VASSIE PATTON

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-636

Peggy Jean Connor - close-up.   Peggy Jean Connor in a crowded MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-637

Peggy Jean Connor – close-up (2).  Peggy Jean Connor in a crowded MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-638

Elnora Knight - close-up.   Local African-American resident Elnora Knight, probably taken at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ELNORA KNIGHT

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-639

Elnora Knight – close-up (2).  Local African-American resident Elnora Knight, probably taken at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of probably St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

ELNORA KNIGHT

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

640-642 Volunteer Johanna Winchester and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh

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M351-640

Johanna Winchester (2).  Voter registration volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University) stands reading a piece of paper. In the background is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project.

SANDY LEIGH

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

SNCC

M351-641

Johanna Winchester.   Voter registration volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University) stands reading a piece of paper. In the background is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project. Close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

SNCC

M351-642

Johanna Winchester (3).  Voter registration volunteer Johanna 'Johnnie' Winchester (Baltimore, Maryland; a student at Cornell University) stands reading a piece of paper. In the background is SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project. Close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

JOHANNA WINCHESTER

SNCC

 

643-650 Local African-American children

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M351-643

Local African-American girl (2).  A local African-American girl pensively rests her chin on her hand in a pew in probably Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-644

Local African-American girl.   A local African-American girl pensively rests her chin on her hand in a pew in probably Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-645

Local African-American girl (3).  A local African-American girl pensively rests her chin on her hand in a pew in probably Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-646

Local African-American girl (4).  A local African-American girl sits pensively in a pew in probably Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-647

Girl sitting in pew.  Another local African-American girl leans her head on her hand in a pew in probably Mt. Zion Baptist Church - close-up from behind.

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

M351-648

African-American child in pigtails.   A little African-American girl with her hair in pigtails - close-up.

 

M351-649

African-American child in pigtails (2).  A little African-American girl with her hair in pigtails - close-up.

 

M351-650

Minister and child.   A Caucasian man in a suit sits on the floor encircling a little African-American girl with his arms. He is probably a visiting minister with the Hattiesburg Ministers Project.

MINISTERS PROJECT

 

SUB-SERIES 14, Prints #651-807: Freedom Schools, MFDP meetings, Free Southern Theater, folksinger Pete Seeger, July-August 1964

 

651-664 Volunteer Beth More and her Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street

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M351-651

Beth More helps register.   Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) helps a local African-American child fill out a form on the porch of a brick building. She is probably helping students register for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where she was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-652

Beth More helps register (2).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) probably helps a local African-American child register for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where she was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-653

Beth More and Cynthia Perteet at Freedom School registration.   Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) listens to local African-American child Cynthia Perteet, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

CYNTHIA PERTEET

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-654

Beth More at Freedom School registration.   Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher - close-up. In the background is local African-American girl Cynthia Perteet.

BETH MORE

CYNTHIA PERTEET

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-655

Beth More and Cynthia Perteet at Freedom School Registration (2).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) with local African-American child Cynthia Perteet, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

CYNTHIA PERTEET

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-656

Beth More laughs with child.  Beth More and local African-American children.  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher. To her right are three local African-American children, one of whom is Cynthia Perteet.

BETH MORE

CYNTHIA PERTEET

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-657

Beth More laughs with child (2).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), laughs with a local African-American child, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-658

Beth More helps register (3).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), watches as a local African-American child fills out a form, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-659

Beth More and local African-American child.  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota) and a local African-American girl, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-660

Beth More laughs with child (3).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), laughs with a local African-American child filling out a form, probably during registration for the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church, where More was a teacher.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-661

Beth More laughs with local children.  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), laughs with two local African-American children in her Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-662

Beth More plays with local children.  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), plays a game and laughs with her Freedom School class outside of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-663

Beth More plays with local children (2).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), plays a game and laughs with her Freedom School class outside of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-664

Beth More plays with local children (3).  Volunteer Beth More (St. Paul, Minnesota; a student at the University of Minnesota), plays a game and laughs with her Freedom School class outside of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

BETH MORE

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

665-687 MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist Church at 215 East 5th Street in Hattiesburg

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Print description

Identifications

M351-665

St. PaulUnited Methodist Church- exterior view.   Automobiles parked in front and alongside belong to people attending an MFDP meeting inside.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-666

MFDP meeting attendees.  A crowd fills the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church for an MFDP meeting.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-667

MFDP meeting attendees (2).  A crowd fills the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church for an MFDP meeting.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-668

MFDP meeting attendees (3).  A crowd fills the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church for an MFDP meeting - closer view.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-669

MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist Church, view from altar.   Local African-American residents and some volunteers make up the crowd filling the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church for an MFDP meeting. Seated on the front pew are local civil rights activists (left to right) Peggy Jean Connor, Marie Blalock, and Helen Anderson. James Bourne sits two pews behind them.

HELEN ANDERSON

MARIE BLALOCK

JAMES BOURNE

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-670

MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist church, view from altar (2).  Local African-American residents and some volunteers make up the crowd filling the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church for an MFDP meeting. Seated on the front pew are local civil rights activists (left to right) Peggy Jean Connor, Marie Blalock, and Helen Anderson. James Bourne sits two pews behind them.

HELEN ANDERSON

MARIE BLALOCK

JAMES BOURNE

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-671

Sandy Leigh at MFDP meeting.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, (left) sits at a table in front of the altar with a local African-American man wearing a SNCC pin during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-672

MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist Church, view from rear.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, (left) sits at a table in front of the altar with a local African-American man during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Standing to their left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project). Seated in front of her is local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

LORNE CRESS

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-673

MFDP meeting at St. Paul United Methodist Church, view from rear (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, (left) sits at a table in front of the altar with a local African-American man during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Standing to their left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project). Seated in front of her is local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

LORNE CRESS

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-674

Sandy Leigh and Lorne Cress at MFDP meeting (2).  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, addresses an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Sitting at his left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project).

LORNE CRESS

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-675

Sandy Leigh and Lorne Cress at MFDP meeting.   SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, addresses an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Sitting at his left is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project).

LORNE CRESS

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-676

Sandy Leigh and local African-American woman at MFDP meeting.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh (New York City), Director of the Hattiesburg project, writes at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Sitting at his right is a local young African-American woman.

SANDY LEIGH

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-677

Local African-American man at MFDP meeting (2).  A local African-American man wearing a SNCC pin writes at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-678

Local African American man at MFDP meeting.   A local African-American man wearing a SNCC pin writes at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-679

Peggy Jean Connor and Lorne Cress.  Local civil rights leader Peggy Jean Connor at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Behind her is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project).

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

LORNE CRESS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-680

Ann Smith Taylor and Lorne Cress.  Local civil rights activist Anne Smith Taylor at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Behind her is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project).

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

LORNE CRESS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-681

Ann Smith Taylor and Lorne Cress (2).  Local civil rights activist Anne Smith Taylor writes at a table at an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church. Standing behind her is volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois) Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project).

ANN SMITH TAYLOR

LORNE CRESS

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-682

Young African-American woman at MFDP meeting.  A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress stands behind a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-683

Young African-American woman taking notes at MFDP meeting (2).  A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress sits at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-684

Young African-American woman taking notes at A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress sits at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-685

Young African American woman at MFDP meeting – close-up.  A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress sits resting her chin on her hand at a table in front of the altar during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-686

Young African-American woman singing.   A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress sings probably a Freedom Song during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SINGING

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-687

Young African-American woman singing (2).  A local young African-American woman in a flower print dress sings probably a Freedom Song during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of St. Paul United Methodist Church - close-up.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

SINGING

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

 688-699 Local people and volunteers leave St. Paul United Methodist Church at 215 East 5th Street in Hattiesburg after an MFDP meeting

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Identifications

M351-688

After MFDP meeting.   Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. The Caucasian male volunteer in the foreground wears a SNCC pin. Several steps above him, folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan) turns to his left to talk with volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), Co-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project.

JOE HARRISON

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-689

Reese, Harrison, Fairley and Schwartzbaum after MFDP meeting.  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. On the top step, bending over, is volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. Talking with her is folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). Standing on a lower step, wearing a hat and a white shirt, with his back to the camera, is local civil rights leader J.C. Fairley. To his right, with dark hair, is volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), who was a teacher in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church in Hattiesburg.

J.C. FAIRLEY

JOE HARRISON

CAROLYN REESE

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-690

Reese, Harrison, Johnson and Wright after MFDP meeting.  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. On the right is volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. She is talking with folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). Local African-American resident Mrs. Johnson is in the center foreground. The second person to her right is a Mrs. Wright.

JOE HARRISON

________ JOHNSON

CAROLYN REESE

________WRIGHT

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-691

After MFDP meeting (3).  Volunteers and local African-American residents on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting.

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-692

After MFDP meeting (2).   Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. On the right is volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. She is talking with folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). In the center foreground is volunteer Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

JOE HARRISON

DENISE JACKSON

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-693

Harrison, Reese and Jackson after MFDP meeting.    Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Standing on the top step, smoking a cigarette, is folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). To the right of him, wearing a white dress, is volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. In the right foreground, grimacing, is volunteer Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

DENISE JACKSON

JOE HARRISON

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-694

Harrison, Reese and Jackson after MFDP meeting (2).  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Standing on the top step, smoking a cigarette, is folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). To the right of him, wearing a white dress, is volunteer Carolyn Reese (Detroit, Michigan school teacher), CO-Coordinator of the Freedom Schools in the Hattiesburg project. In the right foreground, grimacing, is volunteer Denise Jackson (Detroit, Michigan; a student at Barnard College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

DENISE JACKSON

JOE HARRISON

CAROLYN REESE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-695

Local resident Nathan Bourn after MFDP meeting.  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. The African-American man standing on the top step facing to the right is local resident Nathan Bourn. Barely visible on the right is volunteer Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

NATHAN BOURN

PAULA PACE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-696

'Folksy' Joe Harrison and Peter Werner after MFDP meeting.  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Walking down the steps is folksinger 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan). Standing to the right is volunteer Peter Werner (Flint, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan), who taught in the Freedom School at True Light Baptist Church.

JOE HARRISON

PETER WERNER

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-697

Paula Pace after MFDP meeting.  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Sitting on the low wall at the right is volunteer Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

PAULA PACE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-698

Paula Pace after MFDP meeting (2).  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Sitting on the low wall at the right is volunteer Paula Pace (Greenwich, Connecticut; a student at Bryn Mawr College), who taught in the Freedom School at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

PAULA PACE

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-699

After MFDP meeting (4).  Volunteers and local African-American residents mingle on the front steps of St. Paul United Methodist Church after an MFDP meeting. Local African-American resident Mrs. Johnson turns to speak to a Mrs. Wright.

________ JOHNSON

________WRIGHT

ST. PAULUNITED METHODIST CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

700-709 MFDP meeting in an African-American church

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Identifications

M351-700

MFDP meeting attendees at local church.  A group of local African-American residents attend an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church. At the left is local African-American resident Carrie Houze. In the pew behind her, wearing a suit and tie, is Reverend L.P. Ponder, pastor of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing and Bentley Chapel Methodist Church in Hattiesburg. Behind him sit (left to right) brothers James Harris and Anthony Harris and their mother Daisy Harris.

ANTHONY HARRIS

DAISY HARRIS

JAMES HARRIS

CARRIE HOUZE

REVEREND LP PONDER

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-701

MFDP meeting attendees at local church (2).  A group of local African-American residents attend an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church. At the left is Carrie Houze. In the pew behind her, wearing a suit and tie, is Reverend LP Ponder, pastor of St. John United Methodist Church in Palmers Crossing and Bentley Chapel Methodist Church in Hattiesburg. Behind him sit (left to right) brothers James Harris and Anthony Harris and their mother Daisy Harris.

ANTHONY HARRIS

DAISY HARRIS

JAMES HARRIS

CARRIE HOUZE

REVEREND LP PONDER

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-702

MFDP attendees at local church (3).  A large crowd of local African-American residents attend an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church.

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-703

African American man at MFDP meeting.   An elderly African-American man attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up.

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-704

African-American man at MFDP meeting (2).  An elderly African-American man attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up. He wears a SNCC button.

________CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-705

African American man at MFDP meeting (3).  An elderly African-American man attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up.

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-706

Young MFDP meeting attendee.  A young African-American woman attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up. In the pew behind her are two Caucasian male volunteers.

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-707

Ceola Wallace at MFDP meeting.  Local African-American resident Ceola Wallace attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up.

CEOLA WALLACE

________CHURCH

MFDP

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-708

Local woman addresses other MFDP meeting attendees.  A local African-American woman, wearing a SNCC pin, stands at her seat in a pew and reads from a notebook during an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church.

________CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

M351-709

Local woman addresses other MFDP meeting candidates – close-up.  A young African-American woman attends an MFDP meeting in the sanctuary of an African-American church - close-up. She wears a SNCC pin which reads "Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee / We Shall Overcome".

________CHURCH

MFDP

SNCC

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

710-724 The Free Southern Theater’s performance of Martin Duberman’s play “In White America” at True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street on August 3

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Identifications

M351-710

Free Southern Theater's performances of "In White America" (2).  A hand-lettered sign reading "The Free Southern Theater / presents / In White America / A Live Play / Mon. August 3 / True Light / 8:30 p.m. / Tuesday Aug. 4 / Mt. Zion / 7:30 p.m. / Admission Free" is posted on a bulletin board. The play, by Martin Duberman, was first performed in New York City on October 31, 1963 to rave reviews. Duberman used primary source materials to portray the American Negro's two-centuries-long struggle for freedom.

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-711

Free Southern Theater's performances of "In White America".   A hand-lettered sign on crumpled paper reads "Free Southern Theater / presents / "In White America" / A Live Play / Mon. Aug. 3 / True Light / 8:30 p.m. / Tues. Aug. 4 / Mt. Zion [crossed out and replaced with] St. Paul's / 8:30 p.m. / Admission Free!"

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-712

African American child in doorway.   A local African-American child sits in the doorway of an African-American church near a hand-lettered sign on crumpled paper reading "Free Southern Theater / presents / "In White America" / A Live Play / Mon. Aug. 3 / True Light / 8:30 p.m. / Tues. Aug. 4 / Mt. Zion [crossed out and replaced with] St. Paul's / 8:30 p.m. / Admission Free!"

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-713

Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas perform "In White America".  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas.

DENISE NICHOLAS

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-714

Denise Nicholas, Eric Weinberger and Susan Tabor perform "In White America".  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (left to right) Denise Nicholas, Eric Weinberger, and Susan Tabor.

DENISE NICHOLAS

SUSAN TABOR

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-715

"In White America" performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas.

DENISE NICHOLAS

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-716

Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas perform "In White America" (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas.

DENISE NICHOLAS

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-717

Weinberger and Nicholas perform while Stu House plays guitar.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas. SNCC Field Secretary Stu House plays guitar. House was substituting for the FST's regular guitarist Roger Johnson, who was ill.

STU HOUSE

DENISE NICHOLAS

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-718

Weinberger and Nicholas perform while Stu House plays guitar (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (foreground) Eric Weinberger and Denise Nicholas and (left background) Lester Galt. SNCC Field Secretary Stu House plays guitar.

LESTER GALT

STU HOUSE

DENISE NICHOLAS

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-719

"In White America" performance (2).   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Lester Galt and Denise Nicholas.

LESTER GALT

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-720

Lester Galt and Denise Nicholas perform "In White America".  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Lester Galt and Denise Nicholas.

LESTER GALT

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-721

Gilbert Moses and Eric Weinberger perform "In White America".  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (left to right) Gilbert Moses, FST co-founder, and Eric Weinberger.

GILBERT MOSES

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-722

Tabor, Nicholas, Galt and O'Neal perform "In White America" (1).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (foreground, left to right) Susan Tabor and Denise Nicholas, (background, left to right) Lester Galt and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder.

LESTER GALT

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

SUSAN TABOR

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-723

Tabor, Nicholas, Galt and O'Neal perform "In White America" (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (foreground, left to right) Susan Tabor and Denise Nicholas, (background, left to right) Lester Galt and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder.

LESTER GALT

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

SUSAN TABOR

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-724

Tabor, Nicholas, Galt and O'Neal perform "In White America" (3).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (foreground, left to right) Susan Tabor and Denise Nicholas, (background, left to right) Lester Galt and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder.

LESTER GALT

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

SUSAN TABOR

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

 

725-748 The Free Southern Theater’s performance of Martin Duberman’s play “In White America” at True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street on August 3 ( continued)

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M351-725

Gilbert Moses and Denise Nicholas in performance.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are FST cofounder Gilbert Moses and Denise Nicholas.

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-726

Denise Nicholas, Gilbert Moses and John O'Neal in performance.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Denise Nicholas and FST co-founders Gilbert Moses (standing) and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal (foreground).

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-727

Denise Nicholas, John O'Neal, and Gilbert Moses in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Denise Nicholas and FST cofounders Gilbert Moses (standing) and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal (background).

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-728

Gilbert Moses and Denise Nicholas in performance (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are FST cofounder Gilbert Moses and Denise Nicholas.

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-729

Lester Galt and John O'Neal in performance.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (left to right) Lester Galt and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder

LESTER GALT

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-730

Susan Tabor and Gilbert Moses.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are Susan Tabor and FST cofounder Gilbert Moses.

GILBERT MOSES

SUSAN TABOR

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-731

John O'Neal, Gilbert Moses and Denise Nicholas in performance.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are (foreground, left to right) FST cofounders SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal and Gilbert Moses and (background) Denise Nicholas.

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-732

John O'Neal and Gilbert Moses in performance.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are FST cofounders SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal and Gilbert Moses, holding an American flag.

GILBERT MOSES

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-733

John O'Neal and Gilbert Moses in performance (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. FST actors in the scene are FST cofounders SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, holding an American flag, and Gilbert Moses

GILBERT MOSES

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-734

Stu House and Denise Nicholas in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Denise Nicholas. SNCC Field Secretary Stu House plays guitar.

STU HOUSE

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-735

Denise Nicholas in performance - close-up.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Denise Nicholas - close-up.

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-736

Denise Nicholas in performance - close-up (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Denise Nicholas - close-up.

DENISE NICHOLAS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-737

Gilbert Moses in performance - close-up.  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is FST cofounder Gilbert Moses - close-up.

GILBERT MOSES

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-738

Gilbert Moses in performance - close-up (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is FST cofounder Gilbert Moses - close-up.

GILBERT MOSES

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-739

Gilbert Moses in performance - close-up (3).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is FST cofounder Gilbert Moses - close-up.

GILBERT MOSES

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-740

Eric Weinberger in performance (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Eric Weinberger - close-up.

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-741

Eric Weinberger in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Eric Weinberger - close-up.

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-742

John O'Neal in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder - close-up.

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-743

John O-Neal in performance (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal, FST cofounder - close-up.

JOHN O'NEAL

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-744

Susan Tabor in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is Susan Tabor - close-up.

SUSAN TABOR

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-745

Stu House in performance.   The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is SNCC Field Secretary Stu House playing guitar - close-up.

STU HOUSE

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-746

Stu House in performance (2).  The Free Southern Theater performs Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church. The FST actor in the scene is SNCC Field Secretary Stu House playing guitar - view from behind, showing audience.

STU HOUSE

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-747

Actors take a bow.  The Free Southern Theater actors bow to the audience after their performance of Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church: (left to right) SNCC Field Secretary Stu House with his guitar, Lester Galt, Eric Weinberger, Denise Nicholas, Susan Tabor, and FST cofounders Gilbert Moses and SNCC Field Secretary John O'Neal. Local African-American civil rights activist John Gould is at the far left.

LESTER GALT

JOHN GOULD

STU HOUSE

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

JOHN O'NEAL

SUSAN TABOR

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-748

Exeunt omnes.  The Free Southern Theater actors leave the stage after their performance of Martin Duberman's "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church: (left to right) SNCC Field Secretary Stu House with his guitar, Lester Galt, Eric Weinberger, Denise Nicholas, Susan Tabor, and FST cofounder Gilbert Moses. Local African-American civil rights activist John Gould is at the far left.

LESTER GALT

JOHN GOULD

STU HOUSE

GILBERT MOSES

DENISE NICHOLAS

SUSAN TABOR

ERIC WEINBERGER

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

 

749-756 Local people and volunteers singing "We Shall Overcome" in True Light Baptist Church at 1101 Dewey Street, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" on August 3

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Identifications

M351-749

"We Shall Overcome".   With arms crossed and hands joined, local African-American residents and volunteers sing "We Shall Overcome", probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church. FST guitarist, SNCC Field Secretary Stu House is at the left. In the upper right are volunteers Nancy and Joseph Ellin (Kalamazoo, Michigan; Joseph was a professor in the Philosophy Department at Western Michigan University), both wearing glasses. Nancy was a Freedom School teacher at True Light Baptist Church and supervised the Freedom Libraries in the Hattiesburg project; Joe taught in the Freedom School at Priest Creek Missionary Baptist Church in Palmers Crossing.

JOSEPH ELLIN

NANCY ELLIN

STU HOUSE

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

SNCC

M351-750

"We Shall Overcome" (2).  With arms crossed and hands joined, local African-American residents and volunteers - some in the balcony - sing "We Shall Overcome", probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church.

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-751

Two men singing.  A Caucasian male volunteer and local African-American residents sing, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church.

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-752

Barbara Schwartzbaum and others singing.   Volunteer Barbara Schwartzbaum (New York City; a student at City College of New York), who was a teacher in the Freedom School at Morning Star Baptist Church, and local African-American residents sing, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church.

BARBARA SCHWARTZBAUM

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-753

Lana Beard and others sing "We Shall Overcome".  Local African-American resident Lana Beard, with light skin, other African-American residents, and Caucasian volunteers sing "We Shall Overcome" with crossed arms and joined hands, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church.

LANA BEARD

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-754

Lorne Cress singing.   Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), sings, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church - close-up.

LORNE CRESS

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-755

Doug Smith and Clarence Wilson sing.    Local African-American teenager Doug Smith, Assistant Director and Youth Coordinator of the Hattiesburg project, (left), Clarence Wilson (center), and another local male African-American teenager sing, probably following the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" in a crowded True Light Baptist Church.

DOUG SMITH

CLARENCE WILSON

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SINGING

M351-756

Conducting voter registration.  Voter registration volunteer Reverend Jim Nance (Trenton, Tennessee) walks down the railroad tracks near 5th and Mobile Streets on his way to canvass an African-American neighborhood door-to-door, explaining voter registration procedures. See also print #510.

REVEREND JIM NANCE

NEAR  5TH AND MOBILE STREETS

VOTER REGISTRATION

 

757-779Legendary folksinger and social activist Pete Seeger gives a performance and teaches a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church at 900 Spencer Street on August 4

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M351-757

Pete Seeger performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church - close-up.   Folksinger Pete Seeger plays his guitar and sings in front of the altar in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-758

Pete Seeger performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church - close-up (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger plays his guitar and sings in front of the altar in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-759

Pete Seeger performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Folksinger Pete Seeger plays his guitar and sings in front of the altar in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Heads of people in the audience are visible in the foreground.

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-760

Pete Seeger performs at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.  Folksinger Pete Seeger plays his guitar and sings in front of the altar in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Heads of people in the audience are visible in the foreground.

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-761

Playing guitar for performance of "In White America".  Probably SNCC Field Secretary Stu House playing guitar for the audience of the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church on August 3. Local African-American boy Gregory Connor is in the foreground.

GREGORY CONNOR

STU HOUSE

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

SNCC

M351-762

Audience in attendance.  Probably a view of the audience of the Free Southern Theater's performance of Martin Duberman's play "In White America" at True Light Baptist Church on August 3.

TRUELIGHT BAPTIST CHURCH

FREE SOUTHERN THEATER

"IN WHITE AMERICA"

M351-763

Pete Seeger plays his guitar for Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.   Folksinger Pete Seeger, sitting on a chair, plays his guitar for a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-764

Pete Seeger and Freedom School class (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church as students take notes. Student Anthony Harris is on his left.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-765

Pete Seeger addresses Freedom School students (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is on his left.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-766

Pete Seeger and Anthony Harris.   Folksinger Pete Seeger and Freedom School student Anthony Harris on his left confer about a piece of sheet music (?) in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-767

Pete Seeger and Anthony Harris (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger and Freedom School student Anthony Harris on his left confer about a piece of sheet music (?) in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-768

Pete Seeger and Anthony Harris (3).  Folksinger Pete Seeger and Freedom School student Anthony Harris on his left confer about a piece of sheet music (?) in a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-769

Pete Seeger and Anthony Harris (4).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is on his left.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-770

Pete Seeger and Freedom School class (3).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is on his left. Close-up.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-771

Pete Seeger and Freedom School class (4).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is on his left. Close-up.

ANTHONY HARRIS

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-772

Pete Seeger and Freedom School class (5).  Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is just visible on his left, and student Herbert Knox leans forward, his elbows on his knees, almost silhouetted in the sunshine from the window.

ANTHONY HARRIS

HERBERT KNOX

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-773

Pete Seeger and Freedom School class.   Folksinger Pete Seeger talks to a Freedom School class at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Student Anthony Harris is just visible on his left, and student Herbert Knox leans forward, his elbows on his knees.

ANTHONY HARRIS

HERBERT KNOX

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-774

Pete Seeger and Roger Johnson outside Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign headquarters. Folksinger Pete Seeger and Free Southern Theater guitarist Roger Johnson (left) stand blinking in the hot South Mississippi sun outside local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters (note campaign sign) at 507 Mobile Street, the same location as that of the Hattiesburg project headquarters.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ROGER JOHNSON

PETE SEEGER

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FOLKSINGERS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-775

Pete Seeger and Roger Johnson outside Victoria Jackson Gray's campaign headquarters (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger and Free Southern Theater guitarist Roger Johnson (right) stand blinking in the hot South Mississippi sun outside local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray's US Senate campaign headquarters (note campaign sign) at 507 Mobile Street, the same location as that of the Hattiesburg project headquarters. A SNCC bumper sticker reading "One Man X One Vote" has been stuck on the window.

VICTORIA JACKSON GRAY

ROGER JOHNSON

PETE SEEGER

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FOLKSINGERS

MFDP

SNCC

M351-776

Pete Seeger at Hattiesburg project headquarters.  Folksinger Pete Seeger stands inside the Hattiesburg project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PETE SEEGER

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FOLKSINGERS

SNCC

M351-777

At the Hattiesburg project headquarters.  Three folksingers talk together inside the Hattiesburg project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street: (left to right) Pete Seeger, Free Southern Theater guitarist Roger Johnson, and 'Folksy' Joe (Joseph Decker) Harrison (Ann Arbor, Michigan; a student at the University of Michigan).

JOE HARRISON

ROGER JOHNSON

PETE SEEGER

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FOLKSINGERS

SNCC

M351-778

Pete Seeger at Hattiesburg project headquarters (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger stands inside the Hattiesburg project headquarters at 507 Mobile Street.

PETE SEEGER

PROJECT HEADQUARTERS

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

FOLKSINGERS

SNCC

 

779-789Legendary folksinger and social activist Pete Seeger gives a performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center on August 4

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M351-779

Pete Seeger performs at the Palmers Crossing Community Center.   Folksinger Pete Seeger gives a performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center. Freedom School student Carolyn Moncure is seated second from the right in a chair in the rear. Also in the photograph is Freedom School student Clarence Clark.

CLARENCE CLARK

CAROLYN MONCURE

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-780

Pete Seeger performs at the Palmers Crossing Community Center (2).  Folksinger Pete Seeger gives a performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center. Freedom School student Carolyn Moncure is seated second from the right in a chair in the rear. Also in the photograph is Freedom School student James Luvene.

JAMES LUVENE

CAROLYN MONCURE

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-781

Larry Lee sings.   FreedomSchoolstudent Larry Lee sings, probably during folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up.

LARRY LEE

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-782

Larry Lee sings (2).  Freedom School student Larry Lee sings, probably during folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up.

LARRY LEE

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-783

Larry Lee sings (3).  Freedom School student Larry Lee sings, probably during folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center.

LARRY LEE

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

SINGING

M351-784

Children listening to Pete Seeger.  A group of local African-American children sitting on the floor listen probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center. The two boys in the foreground are (left to right) Don Luther Moore and Sammy Perkins. The two little girls in the center are the Stewart sisters; Marian is on the right.

DON LUTHER MOORE

SAMMY PERKINS

PETE SEEGER

MARIAN STEWART

________ STEWART

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-785

Children listening to Pete Seeger (2).  A group of local African-American children sitting on the floor listen probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center.

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-786

Freeman Lott and others sit and listen.   A group of local African-American children sitting on the floor listen probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up. The boy in the foreground is Freeman Lott.

FREEMAN LOTT

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-787

Diane Hardy and others sit and listen.  A group of local African-American children sitting on the floor listen probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up. The girl in the center is Diane Hardy.

DIANE HARDY

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-788

Listening to Pete Seeger.  A little African-American boy listens intently, resting his chin on his hand, probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up.

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

M351-789

Listening to Pete Seeger (2).  A little African-American boy listens intently, resting his chin on his hand, probably to folksinger Pete Seeger's performance to a crowd of Freedom School students, local African-American residents, and volunteers at the Palmers Crossing Community Center - close-up.

PETE SEEGER

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

FOLKSINGERS

FREEDOM SCHOOLS

 

790-792Folksingers Pete Seeger and Roger Johnson sing "We Shall Overcome" to an audience in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church on August 4

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M351-790

Roger Johnson and Pete Seeger lead "We Shall Overcome".   Folksingers Pete Seeger and Free Southern Theater guitarist Roger Johnson, arms crossed and hands joined, lead the audience in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in singing "We Shall Overcome" - close-up.

ROGER JOHNSON

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-791

Roger Johnson and Pete Seeger lead "We Shall Overcome" (2).  Folksingers Pete Seeger and Free Southern Theater guitarist Roger Johnson, arms crossed and hands joined, lead the audience in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in singing "We Shall Overcome".

ROGER JOHNSON

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

M351-792

Roger Johnson and Pete Seeger lead "We Shall Overcome" (3).  Folksinger Pete Seeger, arms crossed and hands joined with those on either side, leads the audience in the sanctuary of Mt. Zion Baptist Church in singing "We Shall Overcome".

PETE SEEGER

MT.ZION BAPTIST CHURCH

FOLKSINGERS

SINGING

 

793-807Meeting of SNCC leaders with volunteers in a square-pillared room of an African-American church

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M351-793

Meeting of volunteers.   SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman (far right) and SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, (sitting at the table in front of the right pillar) lead a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church.

JAMES FORMAN

SANDY LEIGH

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-794

James Forman addresses volunteers (2).  SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman, leaning against a pillar, addresses a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church.

JAMES FORMAN

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-795

James Forman addresses volunteers.  SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman, leaning against a pillar, addresses a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church. The African-American man wearing a tie and glasses is volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg Freedom Schools.

JAMES FORMAN

ARTHUR REESE

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-796

James Forman - close-up.  SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman, leaning against a pillar, addresses a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

JAMES FORMAN

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-797

James Forman - close-up (2).  SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman, leaning against a pillar, addresses a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

JAMES FORMAN

________CHURCH

SNCC

M351-798

James Forman at meeting of volunteers.  SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman, sitting at a table, probably at a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

JAMES FORMAN

SNCC

M351-799

Lorne Cress and James Forman.  Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project) engages SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman in discussion, probably at a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church.

LORNE CRESS

JAMES FORMAN

SNCC

M351-800

Lorne Cress and volunteers.  Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), probably at a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

LORNE CRESS

M351-801

Lorne Cress and volunteers (2).  Volunteer Lorne Cress (Chicago, Illinois; Director of the Community Centers in the Hattiesburg project), probably at a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

LORNE CRESS

M351-802

Sandy Leigh and James Forman.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, (foreground) and SNCC Executive Secretary James Forman lead a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

JAMES FORMAN

SANDY LEIGH

SNCC

M351-803

Sandy Leigh keeps cool.  SNCC Field Secretary Sandy Leigh, Director of the Hattiesburg project, keeps cools with a paper fan, probably at a meeting of mostly volunteers and some local African-American residents in a square-pillared room of an African-American church - close-up.

SANDY LEIGH

SNCC

M351-804

LawrenceGuyot.   SNCC Field Secretary Lawrence Guyot (Pass Christian, Mississippi), director of SNCC activities in Hattiesburg prior to John O'Neal, who was succeeded by Sandy Leigh.

LAWRENCEGUYOT

SNCC

M351-805

Lawrence Guyot - close-up.  SNCC Field Secretary Lawrence Guyot (Pass Christian, Mississippi), director of SNCC activities in Hattiesburg prior to John O'Neal, who was succeeded by Sandy Leigh - close-up.

LAWRENCEGUYOT

SNCC

M351-806

Arthur Reese, close-up.   Volunteer Arthur Reese (Detroit, Michigan school principal), CO-Coordinator of the Hattiesburg Freedom Schools - close-up.

ARTHUR REESE

M351-807

Young African-American woman.  A young African-American woman wearing glasses - close-up.

 

 

SUB-SERIES 15, Prints #808-824: Second Community Center, July-August 1964

 

808-810 Local African-American male teenagers and boys on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-808

African-American youths on porch (3).  A group of African-American male teenagers and boys sit on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street in Hattiesburg. Two signs reading "MFDP" have been affixed to the front of the house. Some of the young men are Robert Evans, Douglas Gray, Samuel Howze, Alfred McGee, James Townes.

ROBERT EVANS

DOUGLAS GRAY

SAMUEL HOWZE

ALFRED MCGEE

JAMES TOWNES

GRAVEL LINE STREET

MFDP

M351-809

African-American youths on porch.   A group of African-American male teenagers and boys sit on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street in Hattiesburg. Two signs reading "MFDP" have been affixed to the front of the house. Some of the young men are Robert Evans, Douglas Gray, Samuel Howze, Alfred McGee, James Townes.

ROBERT EVANS

DOUGLAS GRAY

SAMUEL HOWZE

ALFRED MCGEE

JAMES TOWNES

GRAVEL LINE STREET

MFDP

M351-810

African-American youths on porch (2).   A group of African-American male teenagers and boys sit on the porch of a house on Gravel Line Street in Hattiesburg. Two signs reading "MFDP" have been affixed to the front of the house. Some of the young men are Robert Evans, Douglas Gray, Samuel Howze, Alfred McGee, James Townes.

ROBERT EVANS

DOUGLAS GRAY

SAMUEL HOWZE

ALFRED MCGEE

JAMES TOWNES

GRAVEL LINE STREET

MFDP

 

811-824 Local African-American teenagers and children help to create the second Community Center, located at 1100 Dewey Street in Hattiesburg

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-811

Teenager on porch.  A local African-American male teenager stands on the porch of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project. The house was located across the street from True Light Baptist Church, host of a Freedom School, at 1101 Dewey Street. It has since been demolished.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-812

Napoleon Otis in the yard.  Local African-American teenager Napoleon Otis walks in the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

NAPOLEON OTIS

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-813

Refurbishing the second Community Center (2).  A group of local African-American children rake the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-814

Refurbishing the second Community Center.   A group of local African-American children rake the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-815

Refurbishing the second Community Center (3).  A group of local African-American children rake the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-816

Refurbishing the second Community Center (4).  A group of local African-American children rake the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-817

Refurbishing the second Community Center (5).  Two local African-American children rake the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project - closer view.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-818

Cleaning up the community center.   A group of local African-American male teenagers and boys and two Caucasian male volunteers pick up litter in the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-819

Cleaning up the community center (2).  A group of local African-American male teenagers and boys and two Caucasian male volunteers pick up litter in the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project. Two of the local young men are James Townes and Willie 'June Bug' Patterson.

WILLIE PATTTERSON

JAMES TOWNES

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-820

Cleaning the yard of the second Community Center.   A group of local African-American male teenagers and boys and two Caucasian male volunteers pick up litter in the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project. Two of the local young men are James Townes and Willie 'June Bug' Patterson.

WILLIE PATTTERSON

JAMES TOWNES

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-821

Cleaning the yard of the second Community Center (2).  A group of local African-American male teenagers and boys and two Caucasian male volunteers pick up litter in the yard of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-822

Sweeping the porch of the second Community Center.   A local African-American girl and two younger African-American boys sweep and remove litter from the front porch of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-823

Sweeping the porch of the second Community Center (2).  A local African-American girl sweeps the front porch of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-824

Sweeping the porch of the second Community Center (3).  A local African-American girl sweeps the front porch, with the help of a younger African-American boy, of the house at 1100 Dewey Street, in process of being refurbished for use as the second Community Center in the Hattiesburg project.

DEWEY STREET

COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

SUB-SERIES 16, Prints #825-831: Miscellaneous, July-August 1964

 

825-831 Miscellaneous

Print #

Print description

Identifications

M351-825

Hattiesburgresident - close-up.   Local elderly African-American man with a pipe - close-up.

 

M351-826

African-American child with bicycle.   A local African-American boy stands with his bicycle in front of a series of impoverished row houses on 6th Street in Hattiesburg. See also #410, 411.

6TH STREET

POVERTY

M351-827

Local businesses.  A local African-American man steps out of one of the African-American-owned businesses in the 500 block of Mobile Street, across the street from project headquarters at 507 Mobile. Two of the signs advertise the businesses of prominent civil rights activists: Jean's Beauty Shop was owned by Peggy Jean Connor and the Shoe Shine Parlor by her father John Henry Gould, both businesses located at 510 Mobile Street. The third sign is for the City Beauty Salon. None of the buildings shown in this photograph remains. See also #364 ff.

PEGGY JEAN CONNOR

JOHN HENRY GOULD

CITY BEAUTY SALON

JEAN'S BEAUTY SHOP

SHOE SHINE PARLOR

500 BLOCK MOBILE STREET

M351-828

Children at the Community Center.  Two local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit. The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom". The little boy on the right is Pete Williams. See also #396-397.

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-829

African-American children in exhibit area.   Three local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit. The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom". In the center is Cecil Gray, son of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray. The little boy on the right is Pete Williams. See also #396-397.

CECIL GRAY

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

M351-830

African-American children in exhibit area (2).  Three local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit. The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom". The little boy on the left is Cecil Gray, son of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray. In the center is Pete Williams. See also #396-397.

CECIL GRAY

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

 M351-831

African-American children in exhibit area (3).  Three local African-American children react to the camera in the exhibit area of the Palmers Crossing Community Center where Freedom School students' art work is on exhibit. The large sign with handprints down the left wall spells "Freedom". In the center is Cecil Gray, son of local civil rights leader Victoria Jackson Gray. The little boy on the right is Pete Williams. See also #396-397.

CECIL GRAY

PETE WILLIAMS

PALMERS CROSSING

COMMUNITY CENTERS

 

SERIES II: “Faces of Freedom Summer” Exhibits

Sub-Series 1, Prints #832-851: Photographs taken at Mount Zion Baptist Church Reception, June 6, 1999

Print #

Print Description (Identifications Listed Left to Right)

M351-832

David Owen, Lawrence Spears, and Herbert Randall.  David Owen, Lawrence Spears, and Herbert Randall stand at the entrance to Mount Zion Baptist Church during a rain shower.

M351-833

Doug Tuchman, Umoja Kwanguvu and others.  Doug Tuchman, Umoja Kwanguvu (William D. Jones in 1964), J. C. Fairley, Mary Hamilton Wesley, Joseph and Nancy Ellin, Dr. Marjorie Wheeler, and Peggy Jean Conner enter Mount Zion Baptist Church.

M351-834

Nancy and Joseph Ellin and Kay Wall.  Nancy Ellin, Joseph Ellin, and Kay Wall enter Mount Zion Baptist Church.

M351-835

Reception attendees.  Dr. Bobs Tusa, Mary Hamilton Wesley, Dr. Toby Graham, Kay Wall, and a student from the USM Oral History department with her guest in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-836

Reception attendees (2).  David Owen; Dr. Luther Seabrook; Lawrence Spears; and the son-in-law, daughter, and grandson, R. J., of Peggy Jean Connor in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-837

Herbert Randall and David Owen.  Herbert Randall and David Owen talk in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-838

Reception attendees (3).  Dana Randall, Ed King, Dr. Marjorie Wheeler, and Dr. John Dittmer in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-839

Standing in the fellowship hall.  Sarah Taylor, Sandy Leigh, Rev. Bob Beech, and J. C. Fairley in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-840

Standing in the fellowship hall.  Sarah Taylor, Sandy Leigh, and Rev. Bob Beech in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-841

Congregating in the fellowship hall.  Umoja Kwanguvu (William D. Jones in 1964), Doug Tuchman, Terri Shaw, Rev. C. L. Johnson, Nancy Ellin, and Joseph Ellin in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-842

Bob Beech, J.C. Fairley, and Victoria Gray-Adams.  Rev. Bob Beech, J.C. Fairley, Victoria Gray-Adams, and Harriet Tanzman in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-843

Ira Grupper.  Ira Grupper (center) in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-844

Congregating in the fellowship hall (2).  Doug Tuchman, Umoja Kwanguvu (William D. Jones in 1964), Doug Smith, Joseph Ellin, Terri Shaw, Nancy Ellin, and Rev. C. L. Johnson in the Mount Zion Baptist Fellowship Hall.

M351-845

Doug Smith and Mrs. W. D. McFarland.  Doug Smith and Mrs. W. D. McFarland in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-846

Mingling in the fellowship hall.   Unidentified persons in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-847

Doug Smith.  Doug Smith in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-848

David Owen, Joe Schwartz, and Lawrence Spears.  David Owen, Joe Schwartz, and Lawrence Spears at Barnhill’s Restaurant.

M351-849

Rosalind Randall.

M351-850

Mingling in the fellowship hall (2).  Dr. Charles Bolton, Harriet Tanzman, Dr. Cecil Gray, and Melissa Finley in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

M351-851

Mingling in the fellowship hall (3).  Herbert Randall, David Owen, Dr. Luther Seabrook, Rosalind Randall, Lawrence Spears, and Dr. Barbara Joseph in the Mount Zion Baptist Church Fellowship Hall.

 

Sub-Series 2, Prints #852-853: Photographs taken at “Faces of Freedom Summer” Exhibit-SUNY College at Old Westbury, November 2001

M351-852

Discussing Freedom Summer.  Sheila Michaels, Herbert Randall, Dr. Luther Seabrook, and Douglass Tuchman discuss Freedom Summer during the Symposium.

M351-853

Discussing Freedom Summer (2).  Dr. Barbara H. R. Joseph, Sheila Michaels, Herbert Randall, Dr. Luther Seabrook, and Douglass Tuchman discuss Freedom Summer during the Symposium.

 


Accession Number: AM04-1

Dates: 2003

Volume: 1 item

Provenance: Peggy Price

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Form of Material:

One 18" x 27" black and white poster featuring a collage of images from the Herbert Randall Freedom Summer Photographs, as well as one image from the Zoya Zeman Freedom Summer Collection (demonstrators on steps of Forrest County Courthouse). The poster, titled "Courage to Act: Freedom Summer in Mississippi ", is an advertisement for the Fairchild Lecture series (Jan. 21 & June 24, 2004 ).

 

Assignment: Reading Key Points #1 is due by 3 June (midnight) through Blackboard. For each class time “block”, submit by midnight (CT) on the due date a typed 3-5 page (12-point font/double-spaced) summary of the key points of the readings for the block.  Include: 1) your primary observations and any questions about the readings, 2) something you found very interesting about the readings, and/or 3) a brief comment about how the readings relates to your own voluntary/nonprofit experiences. The papers are worth 25 points each, and a late paper will receive a 5 point deduction for each day late.  


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Last Edited: Jun 20 2017 03:55:24 PM