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Collection Title: Mantinband (Rabbi Charles) Papers

Collection Number: M327

Dates: 1931 - 1997

Volume: .70 cu.ft.

Provenance: Materials in this collection were donated by Mrs. Carol Mantinband Ginsburg, daughter of Rabbi Mantinband, between June 1998 and February 1999.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Charles Mantinband was born in New York City on April 2, 1895, to Samuel and Delia Gottlieb Mantinband. Charles and his five siblings grew up in Norfolk, Virginia, where he graduated from Maury High School in 1912. He earned a Bachelor of Science from City College of New York in 1916, a Master of Arts from Columbia University in 1918, and a Doctorate from Burton College and Seminary in 1958. He was also awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Lincoln University. Mantinband received his religious training at Rabbi Stephen S. Wise's Jewish Institute of Religion in New York City. He and his wife, Anna Kest, were married on April 4, 1918, and two children, Carol and Bill, were born to them. They also had two adopted sons, Dan and Frank Aaron, who were orphans of the Holocaust.

In 1918, Mantinband accepted his first job as director of the Young Men's Hebrew Association in Memphis, Tennessee. Before the year was out, he was sent by the Jewish Welfare Board to Camp Forrest in Chickamauga, Georgia, where he served as a chaplain. The next year, he was transferred to Staten Island, New York. In 1920, Mantinband began attending the Jewish Institute of Religion. In his third year at the Institute, Mantinband was offered the rabbi position at Vassar Temple in Poughkeepsie, New York. He worked at Vassar for three years, before moving to Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in 1926. During his time in Williamsport, Mantinband wrote a weekly column entitled "Please Stand By" for the Williamsport Sun. From 1942 to 1946, Mantinband worked as a chaplain at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland.

After World War II, Mantinband requested a position with a small congregation in the South. He was sent to Alabama, where he served the tri-cities area of Florence, Sheffield, and Tuscumbia from 1946 to 1952. It was during his years in Alabama, when he played an active role in the Alabama Council on Human Relations, that Mantinband first became involved with racial issues. In 1952, the Mantinbands moved to Hattiesburg, Mississippi, to serve the congregation at Temple B'Nai Israel. While in Hattiesburg, Mantinband chaired the Mississippi Council on Human Relations and became actively involved in civil rights activities. He maintained open friendships with African-Americans, including Clyde Kennard and Vernon Dahmer. Because of his stance on race relations, he received numerous threats from people within the community and his home was under constant surveillance. He even had trouble with members of his own congregation. The pressure eventually became too great, and in 1963, Mantinband accepted a post in Longview, Texas, to be closer to family members who lived in Shreveport, Louisiana. In June 1963, Rabbi Mantinband was one of over two hundred clergymen and leaders of all religious faiths invited by President John F. Kennedy to attend a White House Conference on the "present aspects of the nation's civil rights problems."

Mantinband retired in 1971, after almost fifty years of service in the rabbinate. He was completely blind for the last few years of his life, including his last year of service at Longview. He died on August 3, 1974. According to his wife, Mantinband's most cherished honors were the first George Brussel Memorial Award by the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue of New York, the Southern Regional Council Life Fellowship award, and Rabbi Allen Krause's dedication of his ordination thesis to Mantinband.

Scope and Content:

The bulk of the collection consists of materials that document the life and career of Rabbi Charles Mantinband. The collection is comprised of twelve folders that contain biographical materials, seven folders that contain various writings by Mantinband, and two folders that contain items related to the Civil Rights Movement. Of particular interest in the collection are photographs related to Mantinband's ministry, a copy of Anna Kest Mantinband's biography of Charles Mantinband, Time for Remembering, and a copy of Mantinband's dissertation, "The Church and Race Relations."

Related Collections:

Temple B'Nai Israel Records

Box 1  
Folder 1 Biographical Materials: Time for Remembering- by Anna Kest Mantinband (1979)
Folder 2 Biographical Materials: Extra Pages From Time for Remembering (1979)
Folder 3 Biographical Materials: "Big Struggle in a Small Town: Charles Mantinband in Hattiesburg, Mississippi"- by Clive Webb (1997)
Folder 4 Biographical Materials: "The Southern Rabbi and Civil Rights"- by Allen Krause, pp. 1-80 (1967)
Folder 5 Biographical Materials: "The Southern Rabbi and Civil Rights"- pp. 81-160 (1967)
Folder 6 Biographical Materials: "The Southern Rabbi and Civil Rights"- pp. 161-240 (1967)
Folder 7 Biographical Materials: "The Southern Rabbi and Civil Rights"- pp. 241-333 (1967)
Folder 8 Biographical Materials: Photographs of Rabbi Charles and Anna Mantinband (photocopies; 1968)
Folder 9

Biographical Materials: Photographs Related to Rabbi Mantinband's Ministry (May 1954 - March 1962)

Digitized items from this folder include the following:

Rabbi Mantinband after confirmation
Rabbi Mantinband and a group of students
Rabbi Charles and Mrs. Anna Mantinband

Folder 10 Biographical Materials: Mantinband Condolence Scrapbook- part 1 (August 1974)
Folder 11 Biographical Materials: Mantinband Condolence Scrapbook- part 2 (August 1974 - January 1976)
Folder 12 Biographical Materials: Miscellaneous Personal Items (April 1968- July 1984)
Folder 13 Writings by Mantinband: "The Church and Race Relations"- pp. 1-130 (December 1958)
Box 2  
Folder 1 Writings by Mantinband: "The Church and Race Relations"- pp. 131-262 (December 1958)
Folder 2 Writings by Mantinband: "In Dixieland I Take My Stand" (April 16, 1962)
Folder 3 Writings by Mantinband: "Rabbi in the Deep South" in the Anti- Defamation League Bulletin (May 1962)
Folder 4 Writings by Mantinband: Columns by Ben Adhem (October 1931 - December 1940)
Folder 5 Writings by Mantinband: Columns and Letters to Editors (July 1933 - March 1954)
Folder 6 Writings by Mantinband: Megillahs [Annual Letters] (1953 - 1980)
Folder 7 Materials Related to Civil Rights: "Justice May Prevail in Hattiesburg"(1998)
Folder 8 Materials Related to Civil Rights: 70th Anniversary Edition of The Crisis (December 1980)

Photograph Log:

M327-1           Rabbi Charles Mantinband
8 x 10             B & W             ca. 1950s
Rabbi Mantinband following Confirmation at Temple B'Nai Israel.
(Box 1, Folder 9)
M327-2           Rabbi Mantinband and a Group of Students
5 X 7               B & W             ca. 1950s
Rabbi Mantinband teaching black students in a segregated school.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-3           Presentation of Books at William Carey College
8 x 10             B & W             March 1962
Rabbi Mantinband and two others present Jewish Encyclopedias to the librarian at William Carey College. Left to right: Maury Gurwitch, Dr. Frank Smith, Rabbi Mantinband, and M. Duncan.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-4           Book Presentation
8 x 10             B & W             ca. March 1962
Rabbi Mantinband presents books about Judaism on behalf of the Congregation B'Nai Israel. Left to right: C. Rochell, Mrs. Georgia Tracy, and Rabbi Mantinband.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-5           Rabbi Charles and Mrs. Anna Mantinband
3 x 3                B & W             ca. 1950s
Charles and Anna Mantinband in their backyard at 808 Mamie Street.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-6           Presentation of the Jewish Welfare Fund
8 x 10             B & W             May 1954
Mantinband receiving an award for Outstanding Leadership by the Jewish Welfare Fund. Left to right: Isaac Heller, Henry Masliansky, Rabbi Mantinband and Abe Pevsner.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-7           The Mantinbands and Others at an Art Exhibit
8 x 10             B & W             ca. 1950s
Charles and Anna Mantinband with a group of women at an art exhibit in Laurel. Left to right: Irene Fine, Anna Kest Mantinband, Virginia Odom, Rabbi Mantinband, Mildred Sievers, and Nell Davis.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-8           Sculpture of James Deutsch
5 x 6                B & W             ca. 1950s
Sculpture by wife May Deutsch.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

M327-9           A Group of Young Men after Confirmation
8 x 10             B & W             ca. 1954-1956
A group of five young men on the steps of the synagogue after Confirmation. Left to right: Maurice Auerbach, Jerry Shemper, Phil Stotland, Dave Adler, Joel Adler and Barry Signoff.
(Box 1, Folder 9)

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