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Collection Title: Hubbard (Bob) Hurricane Camille Photographs

Collection Number: M259

Dates: 1969

Volume: .15 cubic feet

Provenance: This collection was donated by Bob Hubbard via Henry Simmons on May 20, 1991.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Hurricane Camille began as a tropical wave off of the coast of West Africa on August 5, 1969, became a tropical depression near Grand Caymen Island by August 14, was upgraded to a hurricane over the western tip of Cuba on August 15, and struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast as a category 5 hurricane the night of August 17. She continued raging north through Mississippi and Tennessee, became a tropical depression, headed east over Kentucky and Virginia by August 19, moved off the Atlantic Coast, hit a cold front on August 22, and dissipated at sea off Newfoundland.

Hurricane Camille hit the Mississippi Gulf Coast around midnight on August 17. The entire Mississippi Gulf Coast was devastated, including the Bay St. Louis/Waveland area. In Mississippi, there were 141 reported deaths, 75,000 evacuations inland, and thousands of wild and domestic animals killed. Insects tumbled in balls through the floodwaters presenting a public health menace, 64,154 families suffered losses, 3,880 homes were destroyed, and 41,875 homes sustained major damage. Damages wrought by Camille were in excess of $950 million.

In the Bay St. Louis/Waveland area nine people were killed, the entire downtown was leveled, and like the rest of the affected areas, power was out for up to 36 days. There was no food, no water, no working telephones, no utilities, and no fuel. Housing was sparse, roads were impassable, bridges were devastated, and debris was scattered over 68 square miles. The area was placed under martial law to deter looting. Many survivors who were unable or unwilling to evacuate, told tales of horror, destruction, and miracles.

The houses and structures in Bay St. Louis located on low grounds were swept away by tidal surges and winds. Most beachfront homes, particularly those on South Beach Street were destroyed.

Historical landmarks and churches were not spared. The 200 spans on the bridge connecting Pass Christian to Bay St. Louis were askew, most of US Highway 90 was washed out, and the beach was described by Civil Defense Director, Wade Guice, as a holocaust. It was said that the Civil Defense personnel were more prepared to deal with the aftermath of nuclear war than they were the after affects of such an immense natural disaster.

It is the homes and historic landmarks in the Bay St. Louis area that this collection focuses upon as it provides insight into complete devastation as well as a glimpse into a world of post-disaster disarray. As Kat Bergeron observed in the August 13, 1989 issue of The Sun Herald, "Hurricane Camille's visit robbed the Coast of many historic landmarks....Only photographs tell their stories....".

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of 26 color photographs which depict homes and buildings of historic and social significance in the Bay St. Louis/Waveland area before and after Hurricane Camille on August 17 and 18, 1969. Photographer, Bob Hubbard of Waveland, took the photographs from approximately the same angle, using the same type of film, possibly the same roll.

This collection provides insight into the varying degrees in which the Bay St. Louis/Waveland area on the Gulf Coast of Mississippi was besieged by the storm. Photographs cut across several geographic sections of the area, both high-ground and beachfront, while also demonstrating the differing magnitudes of structural damage wrought by 24 foot tides, 10 foot waves, and 200 mile per hour winds. An understanding of havoc wrought upon nature by nature, is also demonstrated pictorially, as the storm leaves its mark on stripped pine trees, broken oaks, slashed pine and hardwood groves, and disturbed landscapes.

Folder 1 contains fourteen photos (seven before and seven after Hurricane Camille) of sites located mostly in the Bay St. Louis area. Included are shots of elaborate beachfront homes such as Swoop Manor, historic landmarks such as St. Stanislaus and Waveland's Old Pirate House, and segments of U.S. Highway 90 such as the Divine Word Seminary Shrine. In each image, the differing degrees of damage is demonstrated. Washed and blown away were the Rowley home and the 167 year old Pirate House. Apparently on high ground, the Evans home still stood, and incredibly, Swoop Manor still stood despite its beachfront location.

Folder 2 contains twelve photographs taken before and after Hurricane Camille of sites also primarily located in the Bay St. Louis area. Included here are photos which demonstrate the range and extent of damage caused by the notorious hurricane. Some homes on very high ground, such as the Winnard home, sustained minor flooding and wind damage. Some homes barely missed complete destruction, such as the Glasses' home, where the family stayed safely upstairs although tidal surges and winds swept the first floor away. Some homes and structures were crushed entirely such as the Swoop Manor Gazebo and the Kimbus home, whose only remaining structural formation was the family's recent addition of a hurricane-proof carport. Also visible in three of the beachfront photos such as those of Romey's Tree, is the U.S. 90 bridge linking Bay St. Louis and Pass Christian.

This collection would be of use to any student interested in the Bay St. Louis/Waveland area during the late 1960's, hurricanes in general (Camille in particular), or Bob Hubbard's photography.

Related Collections:

Hurricanes of the Mississippi Gulf Coast Research Collection, circa 1730-1985, M282

Hurricane Camille Photograph Collection, M315

Mississippi Oral History Program: Hurricane Camille Survivors, call number of transcripts F341.5 .M57x, Vols. 178, 201, 222, 223, 224, 225, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 240.

 

Photograph Log:

 

M259-1          Swoops Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3 ½ x 3 ½                   Color              1969

                        This photo was of the house known as Swoop Manor before Hurricane Camille shows a large two-story colonial house and yard. The house has a large front porch which wraps around the side and extends to 12 visible pillars. There is a large oak in the yard to the right of the house.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-2          Swoops Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Before Aug. 17, 1969

                        This photo is taken from same angle as M259-1. The house is in the beginning repaired from destruction brought by Hurricane Camille. The front of the house is surrounded by sand and debris deposited by the storm. The house is amazingly still standing; 4 of the pillars are missing. At one time there were 15 historic structures that graced the Beach Road (414 S. Front St.) in Bay St. Louis.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-3          Breath’s Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        Photo of the Breath Family’s large 160 yard beachfront home. Flowers line the walkway to the door; there is brush and 1 oak in front and several young oaks behind. Note the great amount of Filagree Gingerbread on the front dormer; it has been said to weigh a ton.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-4          Breath’s Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        The Breath’s house is photographed from the same angle as M259-3. Note the front dormer is missing it was swept 50 feet behind the house in a neighbor’s yard. The house is in early stages of clean up and reconstruction; there is wood piled in front of the house and pick-up trucks are visible. The flowers and bushes have been destroyed, and the trees are leaf-less with many broken branches.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-5          Rowley’s Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        A fenced in yard full of live oaks surrounding the Rowley’s house. The front of the house is practically visible, as in the driveway. Note the bell which stands on a pole (ca. 3 ft.) along the driveway.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-6          Rowley’s Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        The trees have no more foliage and many of the branches are broken. The Hurricane left nothing of the house except for the building foundation and the slightly leaning bell along the driveway.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-7          Stanislaus Before Hurricane Camille; Bay St. Louis

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        This is a photograph of St. Stanislaus School on 304 South Beach St.in Bay St. Louis. These impressive brick two-story structures appear to be at least 3 separate buildings, very close together. One has a bell tower rising a story over the buildings with lots of trees.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-8          Stanislaus After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        St. Stanislaus still stands, although the bell tower has been knocked off. The trees have lost branches and foliage, and sand has washed up on the street.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-9          Highway 90 Shrine Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        There is a sidewalk leading to a statue and brick shrine to behind the Divine Word Seminary on U.S. go in Bay St. Louis Mary. Directly in front of the shrine are 2 symmetrically arranged benches; landscaped bushes align the walkway of the shrine. There is a large, thick grove of pine trees, hardwood, and brushy undergrowth behind the shrine.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-10        Highway 90 Shrine After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. Aug. 1969

                        The statue and stone shrine to Mary still stands, as do the benches and landscaped bushes. The grove of the trees behind the shrine however has been completely destroyed. There are few trees still left standing, those that are; are badly broken and stripped. Highway 90 sustained a great deal of damage during Hurricane Camille.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-11        Pirate House Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        The French-colonial old pirate house, built in 1802, on the Waveland beach front was a reputed “safe house” for Louisiana pirate Jean Lafitte, Cedars and Oaks, and landscaped yard surround this large, historic landmark.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-12        Pirate-After

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        Nothing’s left of the Pirate House except for a fence post, some barrier broken trees and crumbled stone steps leading to a small crater where the 167 year old French-Colonial Manor once stood, stone steps in disarray.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-13        Evans Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        A Large 2 ½ story Georgian like mansion stands amid giant water oaks.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-14        Evans Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        Same house still standing in good (nearly perfect) condition although since window is out the residents have all the windows open to ventilate the house.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard


M259-15        Glasses Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        White ½ story frontal view of Glasses house and yard. One around refers to this house as belonging to Dr. Momus.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-17        Glasses Before

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        Side view; shows chimney and Oak besides house.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-18        Glasses After

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              1969

                        Chimney still in place, but that side of the house is damaged. Clearly through from front to back, sand and debris surrounds the badly damaged house and the broken oaks.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-19        Kimbus Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        3-story Spanish tile roof, recently added on stone wall surrounds front yard large oaks in background.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-20        Kimbus Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        The only thing left standing is the 2nd floor and the wall surrounding the yard. Trees are broken and barred.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-21        Winnard Home Before Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        1 1/2 –story Queen Ann, bay windows, wrap around porch with fence/gate in front. Stain glass in top window Filigree lined, 2 chimneys, broken sidewalk.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-22        Winnard Home After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        Porch railing broken; missing, few broken windows, stain glass still intact, sidewalk covered in sand. The bent fence missing, indication of low degree of flooding or wind damage. An indication that the house was on higher ground and perhaps further inland.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-23        Romey’s Tree Before Hurricane Camille- Gulf Coast US

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Ca. 1969

                        30 year old live oak with Spanish moss hanging from branches on the beach in front of Gulf Coast. There is grass almost all the way to the shore. The U.S. 90 bridge linking Bay St. Louis to Pass Christian is visible to the south of this site.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-24        Romey’s Tree After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        The tree along the shore is still standing. The Spanish moss is no longer hanging from the still intact live oak branches. Sand and dirt cover the shore where a landscaped lawn had been prior to the Hurricane.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-25        Swoops Gazebo Before Hurricane Camille- Gulf Coast, MS

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color

                        Cobblestone path leading to beachfront Gazebo with white lattice. A wooden fence behind the Gazebo and a body of water is slightly visible threw the fence. This historic landmark in the front lawn of the Swoop Manor Exemplified an era of gazebo socializing, when such places were popular places for evening gathering.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard

 

M259-26        Swoops Gazebo After Hurricane Camille

                        3.5 x 3.5                     Color              Aug. 1969

                        This photo was taken from a slightly different angle. Nothing of the gazebo still stands. The crushed walkway is buried under the debris. The crane repairing the U.S. 90 bridge in M259-23-24 is also in the background to the north of this site.

                        Photographer: Bob Hubbard


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Last Edited: Mar 30 2016 08:34:09 AM