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Collection Title: Gholson (Samuel Jameson) Letter

Collection Number: M176

Dates: April 13, 1863

Volume: 1 item

Provenance: Unknown

Copyright: This letter may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Samuel Jameson Gholson (1808-1883), a native of Madison County, Kentucky, and resident of Aberdeen, Mississippi, served in the Mississippi legislature and U.S. Congress before his appointment to a federal judgeship in 1838. He resigned the judgeship in January 1861 and became captain of the Monroe Volunteers of Monroe County, Mississippi (Company I, 14th Infantry Regiment). By the end of 1861 he was appointed brigadier general of state troops and in the spring of 1863 became a major general. In May 1864 he was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army and put in command of cavalry. He lost his left arm as a result of wounds at Egypt, Mississippi, on December 27, 1864. After the was he practiced law and was again elected to the legislature, serving as Speaker of the House, 1865-1867. He died at Aberdeen on October 16, 1883.

Daniel Ruggles (1810-1897) was a native of Barre, Massachusetts. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, he saw action in the Seminole Wars and Mexican War. He married into a Virginia family and on May 7, 1861 resigned from the U.S. Army to enter Confederate service. He was commissioned a brigadier general on August 9, 1861 and served at Corinth, Mississippi, early in the war under Albert Sydney Johnston. He held several district and departmental commands during the course of the war and was appointed commissary general of prisoners, March 30, 1865. After the war he lived at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

William M. Inge commanded the Twelfth Battalion, Mississippi Cavalry (Inge's Battalion) in General Ruggles' First Military District in northern Mississippi during the spring of 1863.

The Capt. J.F. White mentioned in the letter was probably Captain James F. White who commanded the Lula White Rebels of Monroe County, Mississippi (Company I, listed with both the 39th Infantry Regiment and Second Cavalry).

Scope and Content:

In this letter dated April 13, 1863, from Verona, Mississippi, addressed to Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles, Columbus, Mississippi, Samuel J. Gholson recommends Captain J.F. White, as opposed to Major Inge, for command of certain troops in a portion of General Ruggles' First Military District (in northern Mississippi). He cites disaffection among the men toward Major Inge and Captain White's ability to manage personnel "of the order of border men."

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