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Collection Title: County Institutes - Programme and Syllabus

Collection Number: M162

Dates: 1892-1893

Volume: 2 items

Provenance: Unknown

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

The first County Institute in Mississippi was held in 1879 with financial support from the Peabody Fund. The primary purpose of institutes was to increase public school teacher quality and efficiency, secure uniformity in methods, and correct prevailing errors. Secondarily, the institutes sought to promote community interest in education by means of such affairs as "Parents' Night." Any county having more than fifteen school districts was encouraged to sponsor an institute under the direction of the State Board of Education. An elected conductor and the county superintendent supervised the institutes.

The first institutes were only one day long, but by 1892, at the recommendation of the Mississippi Board of Education, the institutes were lengthened to five days. Although attendance was not mandatory for employment, it was strongly urged by such methods as pay raises. County superintendents were encouraged to advertise the institutes and to provide a copy of the Program and Syllabus to each teacher.

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of two printed booklets dated 1892 and 1893. The booklets were intended for use by teachers who attended a County Institute, an early workshop held in school districts throughout the state. A large portion of each booklet outlines the daily schedule of activities for the institute. Session topics are announced and an outline usually provides more information about what is to be discussed. A course of study for district schools follows, covering five grades in eight years. This section discusses what each student should be capable of at each grade level. Finally, a "Daily Programme of Recitations" is prescribed to divide the school day (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) into time periods for subjects.

J.R. Preston, State Superintendent for Public Education, approved and signed various portions of the booklets.

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