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Collection Title: Bailey (Nelson H.) Letters, 1862

Collection Number: M75

Dates: April, November 1862

Volume: 5 letters

Provenance: Unknown.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Nelson H. Bailey was born at Gustavus, Ohio, in 1843 (?) and worked as a farmer before the Civil War. At the age of 18, he mustered into Company C of the 20th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment of the Union Army as a corporal on August 26, 1861, at West Andover, Ohio. On March 1, 1862, he was promoted to the rank of sergeant. However, on June 9, 1862, he was taken prisoner during action at Port Republic, Va. He was released at Richmond, on September 7, 1862, and rejoined his company for duty on January 4, 1863. During July and August of that year, he was detached from his company on special duty (recruiting) in Ohio. On December 15, 1863, Bailey reenlisted in the Army with veteran status and during the final months of the conflict, he was promoted to the rank of first sergeant. Bailey was furloughed on June 30, 1865.

Scope and Content:

These five letters from Nelson H. Bailey at Woodstock, Virginia, and Fort Delaware, Delaware, to his sister, Miss H.A. Bailey, contain general information about Bailey's experiences in the Union Army. In the letters Bailey recounts his regiment's long marches and attacks on the Confederate lines. He relates the chronic delays in being paid, the problem of getting a furlough, and the boredom of long encampments with no diversions. Other topics include news of family and friends, and discussions of farm matters.

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