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Collection Title: Garner (George G.) / Ruggles (Daniel) Message

Collection Number: M61

Dates: March 9, 1862

Volume: 1 item

Provenance: Purchased, September 1967.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Major George G. Garner served as Brigadier General Braxton Bragg's assistant adjutant general in the 2nd Corps of the Army of the Mississippi, C.S.A., at the time this message was written. Later, Garner was promoted to Colonel and between 1863 and 1865, he served as the chief of staff of the Headquarters, Eastern Division, District of the Gulf of the Confederate Army.

Garner was born about 1826, the son of Hezekiah and Lucy Edelen Garner. Upon his marriage to Ann Elizabeth Wynn, Garner resigned his commission as lieutenant in the United States Army. Little information is available about George G. Garner's life after the War. He apparently died prior to 1891.

Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles was serving as commander of the First Division of the Second Corps of the Army of the Mississippi, C.S.A., at the time this message was written. Ruggles was a native of Massachusetts, born at Barre on January 31, 1810. He was a West Point graduate and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army. In May 1861, he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army. After the Battle of Shiloh, Ruggles' duties were largely administrative for the remainder of the War. Thereafter he resided in Fredericksburg, Virginia, where he died in 1897.

Scope and Content:

This item relates to the command of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Dated March 9, 1862, this message is from Assistant Adjutant-General George G. Garner, of General Braxton Bragg's Second Corps of the Army of the Mississippi. The note was sent from Bragg's headquarters at Jackson, Tennessee, to Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles, commander of the First Division located at Corinth, Mississippi. It appears to order Brigadier General John King Jackson to command the Third (?) Division, located at Grand Junction, when he arrives. These actions preceded the Battle of Shiloh (also called the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) on April 6-7, 1862.

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