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Collection Title: Locke (Andrew J.) Letter

Collection Number: M57

Dates: May 21, 1862

Volume: 1 Item

Provenance: Unknown

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Andrew J. Locke was born in 1828 in North Carolina, according to the 1860 census. His wife was Julia F., also born in North Carolina. Locke moved to Carroll County, Mississippi, sometime between 1850 and 1860, for he does not appear on the Mississippi 1850 census but was found on the 1860 census.

Andrew J. Locke enlisted in Company K, 30th Regiment, Mississippi Volunteers on February 27, 1862, in Carrollton, Mississippi. He was given the rank of First Lieutenant in the company. Locke's unit later joined company C, 4th Alabama Cavalry, Love Battalion, which was assigned to Jefferson Davis Legion on December 16, 1864.

In April of 1862, Locke was detached to Grenada, Mississippi, as Provost Marshall, where he served for an undefined period of time. Reassigned to active duty, during the Battle of Murfreesboro, December 28, 1862, to January 4, 1863, Locke was wounded and taken prisoner. In April of 1863 Locke appeared on a list of patients at Confederate Hospital No. 2, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, from where he was forwarded to Nashville, Tennessee, on April 22, 1863, as a prisoner of war. From this point records of Locke's movements are somewhat unclear. He was moved to the Military Prison in Louisville, Kentucky, on May 5th-6th of 1863, then on to Fort Delaware. Before he reached Fort Delaware he appeared on a roll of prisoners of war from Fortress Monroe in Virginia, which stated that he reached Fort Delaware on June 13, 1863. In July 1863, Locke appeared on a roll of prisoners of war at a Depot near Sandusky, Ohio. Later records verify that he had been a prisoner at Johnson Island Military Prison in Sandusky, Ohio for an unspecified period of time. He was then transferred to Hammond U.S. General Hospital, Point Lookout, Maryland, obviously in need of medical attention, and was paroled at the hospital on April 27, 1864, to Major J. E. Mulford, Assistant Agent for Exchange, for delivery at City Point, Virginia.

Andrew Locke was admitted to General Hospital No. 4, Richmond, Virginia on May 1, 1864, and was furloughed on May 5, 1864. Locke appeared on Inspection Reports through March of 1865 as absent and on sick leave by the authority of the Medical Examining Board. No information for post-Civil War years has been located on Andrew J. Locke.

A younger man named Andrew Jackson Locke is included in Dunbar Rowland's History of Mississippi: The Heart of the South. He may be the son of Andrew J., but no census record has been found to substantiate the relationship.

Scope and Content:

This collection consists of a letter dated May 21, 1862, from Lieutenant A. J. Locke to Mrs. Jennie A. Dansuns (?). Locke, Provost Marshall in Grenada, Mississippi, informs Mrs. Dansuns that according to General Ruggles she is free to travel behind Confederate military lines.

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