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Collection Title: Confederate States of America. Port of Holly Springs, Mississippi.

Collection Number: M56

Dates: May 13 and May 21, 1861

Volume: 1 item

Provenance: Unknown, Purchased.

Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical/Historical Sketch:

Railroads in the southern states were primarily local business operations, with inadequate systems of communication and cooperation. Following the Ordinance of Secession, customs duties were no longer collected by a central government in Washington, and until the Confederate government could develop a collection system, the states assumed the responsibility for such collection. In June 1861, representatives of a majority of the southern railroad companies met in Chattanooga, Tennessee and took steps to establish a common tariff for all southern companies.

The Mississippi Central Railroad originated in Jackson, Mississippi, where it intersected the Southern Railroad, and continued to Grenada, Mississippi, where it turned slightly northeast through Holly Springs to Jackson, Tennessee, joining the Mobile and Ohio Railroad there. The Mississippi Central was a major rail line transporting men and goods into and through the state of Mississippi. The merchandise listed in this collection was shipped on cars of the Mississippi Central Railroad.

Holly Springs, Mississippi, was the site of major military activity in the early months of the Civil War.

Scope and Content:

This collection contains a single document, a customs form notarized by a local justice of the peace. The form originated on May 13, 1861, when whiskey was shipped via the Mississippi Central Railroad to J.P. Atkinson at Holly Springs, Mississippi. On May, 1861, the justice, J.R. Fariss, notarized the invoice and accompanying statement of J.P. Atkinson who declared that no other invoices existed, that the accounting on this invoice was accurate, and that he (Atkinson) would report any error, if discovered, to the Collector of the district of Holly Springs, Confederate State of America.

The document does not contain information on the origin of the merchandise or its importer.

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