Collection Title: Confederate States of America. Customs Form.
Collection Number: M33
Dates: May 18, 1861
Volume: 1 item
Copyright: This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).
Railroads in the southern states were primarily local business operations, with inadequate systems of communication and cooperation. Following the Ordinance of Secession, customs duties were no longer collected by a central government in Washington and until the Confederate government could develop a collection, the states assumed the responsibility for such collection. In June 1861, representatives of a majority of the southern railroad companies met in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and took steps to establish a common tariff for all southern companies.
The Mississippi Central Railroad was a major rail line transporting men and goods into and through the state of Mississippi. It originated in Jackson, where it intersected the Southern Railroad, and continued to Grenada, Mississippi, where it turned slightly northeast through Holly Springs to Jackson, Tennessee, joining the Mobile and Ohio Railroad there. The merchandise listed in this collection was apparently shipped on cars of the Mississippi Central Railroad.
Scope and Content:
This collection consists of one oversized customs form with the heading "Schedule of Free Goods introduced into the Confederate States of America." Handwritten entries on the form list eleven towns which lay on or near the route of the Mississippi Central Railroad. Merchandise and the persons or businesses to which it was consigned are also listed on the form.
A note on the back of the form indicates that this document is Schedule No. 20, but there is no statement of the point of origin for the merchandise or the railroad on which it was shipped. However, because of the towns named on the form, it has been concluded that the shipment was on the Mississippi Central Railroad.