de Grummond
Children's Literature Collection

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Resource Bibliography for the Study of
African-American Children's Literature

 

With thanks to Linnea Hendrickson--See her Subjects, Themes and Genre: An Annotated Listing of Criticism/BLACKS at http://www.unm.edu/~lhendr/txtfiles/2a-z.txt for more descriptive information about many of the articles and dissertations listed in this bibliography.

How to Use This Bibliography

Research in the field of African American Children's Literature currently focuses on four main themes:

  • History and criticism of the "All-White World of Children's Literature" prior to the middle/late 20th Century;
  • African American literature for children, written by and for African Americans beginning in the late 19th Century;
  • Recommended reading lists and criteria for selection, and
  • Resources for teaching African American Children's Literature, including web guides.

The following bibliography follows and expands upon these four main themes with sections for:

Background Reading
Early (1930-1960's) Criticism of The All White World of Children's Books
Current Research and Criticism
African American Children's Literature
Recommended Reading Lists
Criteria for Selection
Resources for Teaching African American Children's Literature

Background Reading

Andrews, W. L. et al. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press. 1997.
Cook Library Reference PS153. N5 O96 1997

Bingham, J. and Scholt, G. Fifteen Centuries of Children's Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.
Cook Library and de Grummond Z1037 .A1 B582

Harris, V. J. "African American Children's Literature: The First One Hundred Years," in Journal of Negro Education, Vol 59, No. 4 (1990), pp.540-555.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 59

Osa, Osayimwense. The All White World of Children's Books & African American Children's Literature. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1995.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 A300 1995

Rollins, C. H. We Build Together, revised. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1948.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1948

Valade, R. M. and Kasinee, D., editors. The Schomberg Center Guide to Black Literature: From the Eighteenth Century to the Present. New York: Gale Research. 1996.
Cook Library Reference PS508 .N3 V36 1996

Warder, R. E. "Milestones in Children's Literature," in The New Press Guide to Multicultural Resources for Young Readers, Daphne Muse, editor. New York: New Press, 1997.
Cook Library and de Grummond Z1037 .N49 1997

The All-White World of Children's Literature:
Early History and Criticism

Baker, Augusta . "Guidelines for Black Books: An Open Letter to Juvenile Editors." Publishers Weekly 196 (14 July 1969):131-33. (Reprinted in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 50-56, and in Haviland, Children and Literature, pp. 110-15.).
Cook Library Z1219 .P98 Vol. 196

Carlson, J. A. "A Comparison of the Treatment of the Negro in Children's Literature in the Periods 1929-38 and 1959-68." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1969, 165 pp., DA 30:3452A.

Crosson, W. "The Negro in Children's Literature." Elementary English Review 10 (December 1933):249-55. Cook Library LB1576 .A1 E6 Vol. 10

Council on Interracial Books for Children. Interracial Digest. New York: 1965.
de Grummond PN56 .R29 I5 1965

Deane, P. C. "The Persistence of Uncle Tom: An Examination of the Image of the Negro in Children's Fiction Series." Journal of Negro Education 37, no. 2 (Spring 1968):140-45.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 37

Evans, E. K. "The Negro in Children's Fiction." Publishers Weekly 140 (30 August 1941):650-53.

Argues that books portraying real people in real situations are needed, and discusses the reactions of black and white children to dialect and illustrations in books portraying blacks. Letters in response to Evans's comments on dialect follow, in "Negro Dialect in Children's Books," Publishers Weekly 140 (18 October 1941):1555-58, and in "A Further Statement on Negro Dialect in Children's Books," Publishers Weekly 141 (10 January 1942):104-5.
Cook Library Z1219 .P98 Vols. 140 & 141

Hopkins, L. B. "Negro Life in Current American Children's Literature." Bookbird 6, no. 1 (1968):12-16.

Larrick, N. "The All-White World of Children's Books." Saturday Review 48 (11 September 1965):63-65, 84-85. (Also in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 156-74.) Letters in response in 48 (16 October 1965):78-79.
de Grummond Vertical File

Nolen, E. W. "The Colored Child in Contemporary Literature." Horn Book 18 (September 1942):348-55.
Cook Library Z1037 .A1 A15 Vol. 18

Preer, B. B. "Guidance in Democratic Living through Juvenile Fiction." Wilson Library Journal 22 (May 1948):679-81, 708.
Cook Library Z1217 .W75 Vol. 22

Rollins, C. H. "Children's Books on the Negro: To Help Build a Better World." Elementary English Review (October 1943): 219-223.
Cook Library LB1576 .A1 E6 Vol. 20

----. "Progress in Children's Books about the Negro." Illinois Libraries (December 1963): 544-546.
de Grummond Vertical File

----. "The Role of the Book in Combating Prejudice." Wilson Library Bulletin 42 (October 1967):176-79.
Cook Library Z1217 .W75 Vol. 42

----. We Build Together. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1941.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1941

Thompson, J. and Woodward, G. "Black Perspective in Books for Children." Wilson Library Journal 44 (December 1969):416-24. (Reprinted in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 39-51.
Cook Library Z1217 .W75 Vol. 44

Tolson, Nancy. "Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children's Literature." African American Review 32 (Spring, 1998): 9-16.

A historical look at the efforts of librarians Charlemae Hill Rollins, Augusta Baker and others, who worked to eliminate stereotypes in children's books and to increase the number of quality books for African American children published annually.
Cook Library E185.5 .N35 Vol 32

Current History and Criticism, 1970-

Agree, R. H., "Black American in Children's Books: A Critical Analysis of the Portrayal of the Afro-American as Delineated in the Contents of a Select Group of Children's Trade Books Published in America from 1950-1970." Ed.D. dissertation, New York University, 1973, 245 pp., DA 34:3442A.

Bachner, S. "Three Junior Novels on the Black Experience." Journal of Reading 24 (May 1981):692-95.
Cook Library LB1050 .J6 Vol. 24

Bader, B. "Negro Identification, Black Identity." In American Picturebooks from Noah's Ark to the Beast Within. New York: Macmillan, 1976, pp. 373-82.
Cook Library, Cox Library, de Grummond NC965 .B32 1976

Baker, A. "The Changing Image of the Black in Children's Literature." Horn Book 51 (February 1975):79-88.
Cook Library Z1037 .A1 A15 Vol. 51

Banfield, B. and Wilson, G. L. "The Black Experience through White Eyes--The Same Old Story Once Again." Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 14, no. 5 (1983):4-13.
de Grummond Z1037 .A1 I795 Vol. 14

Baxter, K. B. "Combating the Influence of Black Stereotypes in Children's Books." Reading Teacher 27 (May 1974):540-44. (Excerpt in MacCann, Cultural Conformity (1977), pp. 155-61.)
Cook Library LB1573 .R28 Vol. 27

Becker, J. "Racism in Children's and Young People's Literature in the Western World." Journal of Peace Research 10, no. 3 (1973):295-303.

Bingham, J. "A Content Analysis of the Treatment of Negro Characters in Children's Picture Books 1930-1968." Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1970, 218 pp. DA 31:2411A.
Cook Library microfilm/ PS173 .N4 B56x

-----. "The Pictorial Treatment of Afro-Americans in Books for Young Children 1930-68." Elementary Education 48 (November 1971):880-85.

Booth, M. F. "Black Ghetto Life Portrayed in Novels for the Adolescent." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 1971, 172 pp., DA 32:1503A.

Brady, Shawn. Looking for a Face Like Mine [videorecording]. Bowling Green, OH: The University, 2001.
de Grummond N8232 .L66 2001

Broderick, D. M. Image of the Black in Children's Literature. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1973.
Cook Library and de Grummond PN1009 .Z6 B7

----. "Lessons in Leadership." School Library Journal 18 (February 1971):31-33.
Cook Library Z675 .S3 S29115 Vol.18

Brown, E. "Emerging Concepts of Social-Developmental Tasks of the Young Black Adolescent in Ten Selected Black Junior Novels." Ed.D. dissertation, Temple University, 1974, 192 pp., DA 36:3380A.

Chall, J. S., et al. "Blacks in the World of Children's Books." Reading Teacher 32 (February 1979):527-33.
Cook Library LB1573 .R28 Vol. 32

Council on Interracial Books for Children. Human and Anti-Human Values in Children's Books: A Content Rating Instrument for Educators and Parents. New York: CIBC Racism and Sexism Resource Center for Educators, 1976.
de Grummond PN1009 .A1 H75 1976

Davis, M. W. "Black Images in Children's Literature: Revised Editions Needed." Library Journal 97 (15 January 1972):261-63 and School Library Journal 19 (January 1972):37-39.
Cook Library Z671 .L7 Vol. 97 and Cook Libray Z675 .S3 S29115 Vol. 19

Dixon, B. Catching Them Young: Sex, Race and Class in Children's Fiction. London: Pluto Press, 1978.
de Grummond PN1009 .A1 D57

Duff O. "Treatment of Blacks in Selected Literature Anthologies for Grades Nine through Twelve Published Since 1968." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1974, pp. 155, DA 35:2219A.

Editors. "Racist Nursery Rhyme Has Long Life," Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 10:7 (1979): 14
de Grummond Z1037 .A1 I795 Vol. 7-10

Fisher, W. M. "Images of Black American Children in Contemporary Realistic Fiction for Children." Ed.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1971, 174 pp., DA 32:2302A.

Frank, Z. "The Portrayal of Black Americans in Pictures and Content in the Caldecott Award Books and Honor Books from 1938-1978." Ed.D. dissertation, University of Missouri-Columbia, 1979, 193 pp., DA 40:4398A.

Gant, L. "That One's Me." Redbook, August 1972.

Goddard, R. K. "Humanizing the Black Hero in Fiction for Children." California Librarian 34 (October 1973):50-54.

Goncalves, W. K. "Little Black Sambo and the Legacy of Image in African American Literature for Children." Paper presented at the Annual Conference and Exhibit of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, March 1997. ERIC (July 1994):9 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Services #ED410580.

Graham, B. "Multi-Ethnic Literature: Where Are We Now?" Bulletin of the Children's Literature Assembly 6, no. 2 (Spring-Summer 1981).

Hamilton, V. "High John Is Risen Again." Horn Book 51 (April 1975):113-21.
Cook Library Z1037 .A1 A15 Vol. 51

Haskins, J. "Racism and Sexism in Children's Nonfiction." Children's Literature, Vol. 5. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 1976.
de Grummond PN1009 .A1 C514 Vol. 5

Horning, K. T. "The Contributions of Alternative Press Publishers to Multicultural Literature for Children." Library Trends 41 (Winter 1993): 524-541.
Cook Library Z671 .L6173 Vol. 41

Jones, J. P. "Negro Stereotypes in Children's Literature: The Case of Nancy Drew." Journal of Negro Education 4 (Spring 1971):121-125.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 4

Khorana, M. Critical Perspectives on Postcolonial African Children's & Young Adult Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood. 1998.
de Grummond Z3508 .C5 K48 1994

Kiah, R. B. "The Black Teenager in Young Adult Novels By Award-Winning Authors." Paper presented at the Southeast National Council of Teachers of English Affiliate Conference (Atlanta, Georgia, 25-27 September, 1980). ERIC Educational Document Reproduction Service, 1980, 14 pp., ED 193 636.

-----. "Content Analysis of Children's Contemporary Realistic Fiction About Black People in the United States to Determine If and How a Sample of These Stories Portray Selected Salient Experiences of Black People." Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1976, 274 pp., DA 37:3781A.

Kohl, H., Should We Burn Babar?: Essays on Children's Literature and the Power of Stories. New York: New Press, 1995.
Cook Library PS153 .M56 K65 1995

Kraus, K. "From Steppin Stebbins to Soul Brothers: Racial Strife in Adolescent Fiction." Arizona English Bulletin 18, no. 3 (April 1976):154-60. (Reprinted in Varlejs, Young Adult Literature, pp. 235-44.) Varlejis: deGrummond Z1037 .A1 Y68 1978

Lanes, S. "Black Is Bountiful." In Down the Rabbit Hole; Atheneum, 1971. pp. 158-77.
Cox Library and de Grummond PN1009 .A1 L3 1971

Latimer, B. I. "Children's Books and Racism." Black Scholar 4 (May-June 1973):21-27.
Cook Library E185.5 .B575 Vol. 4

Lester, J. and Woods, G. "Black and White: An Exchange." New York Times Book Review (May 24, 1970) pp. 7, 34-36. (Also in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 28-35 and (1985), pp.66-72).

Logan, Mawuena Kossi. Narrating Africa: George Henty and the Fiction of Empire. New York: Garland, 1999. de Grummond on order

MacCann, D. et al, Apartheid and Racism in South African Children's Literature, 1985-1995. New York: Routledge, 2001. de Grummond on order

MacCann, D. and Woodard, G., The Black American in Books for Children: Readings in Racism. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1972.
Cook Library Stacks and Reference PN1009 .A1 M23 1972

----. The Black American in Books for Children: Readings in Racism, 2nd edition. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1985.
de Grummond PN1009 .A1 M23 1985

----. Cultural Conformity in Books for Children: Further Readings in Racism. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1977.
Cook Library PN1009 .Z6 C8 1977

MacCann, D. and Richard, O. "Picture Books for Children." Wilson Library Bulletin 57 (December 1982):332-33, 365.
Cook Library Z1217 .W75 Vol. 57

MacCann, D. The Child's First Books: A Critical Study of Pictures and Texts. New York: Wilson, 1973.
Cook Library, Cox Library and de Grummond Z1023 .M25 1973

----. White Supremacy in Children's Literature: Characterizations of African Americans, 1830-1900. New York: Garland, 1998.
Cook Library PS173 .N4 M33 1998

Maddy, Y. A. and MacCann, D., African Images in Juvenile Literature: Commentaries on Neocolonialist Fiction. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1996.
de Grummond PN1009.5 .A47 M33 1996

Madison, J. "School Integration in Children's Literature." Integrated Education 16 (May-June 1978):10-11.

McGuire, A. "The Minority Image in Books for Youth: Evolution and Evaluation." ERIC Educational Document Reproduction Service, 1971, 13 pp., ED 052 907.

Mikkelsen, N. "Censorship and The Black Child: Can the Real Story Ever Be Told?" Proceedings of the Children's Literature Association 9 (1982):117-27.
de Grummond Vertical File: African American Children's Literature

Millender, D. "Through a Glass Darkly: Representation of the Negro in Books for Children." Library Journal 92 (15 December 1967):4571-76. (Excerpted in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 143-52.)

Moore, O. and MacCann, D. "Cultural Pluralism." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 14 (Winter, 1986):201-203.
de Grummond PN1008.2 C48 Vol. 14

Myers, Walter. "The Black Experience in Children's Books: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back." Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 10:6 (1979): 14-15.
de Grummond Z1037 .A1 I795 Vol. 7-10

Otey, R. W. "An Inquiry into the Themes of Isolation in Adolescent Literature about Black Youth: An Examination of Its Treatment by Selected Writers." Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1978, 248 pp., DA 29:4699A.

Parks, C. A. "Good-bye Black Sambo." Ebony, November 1972, pp. 60-70.

Pieterse, J. N. White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western Popular Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
de Grummond NX653 .A413 1992

Rediger, P. Great African Americans in Literature. New York: Crabtree, 1996.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 R42 1996

Richardson, J. "Black Children's Books: An Overview," in Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 43, Issue 3, Black English and Black History-Continuing Themes (Summer, 1974), pp. 380-400.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 43

Ritterhouse, Jennifer. "Reading, Intimacy, and the Role of Uncle Remus in White Southern Social Memory" The Journal of Southern History 69:3 (2003): 585-622.
Cook Library F206 .J68 Vol. 69

Rosner, S. P. "A Descriptive Study to Identify Manifestations of Racist Ideology of Whites toward Blacks in Picture Books Published in the United States: 1959, 1964, 1969." Ph.D. dissertation, New York University, 1975, 358 pp., DA 36:8063A.

Shepard, R. A. "Adventures in Blackland with Keats and Steptoe." Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 3, no. 4 (Autumn 1971):3.
de Grummond Vertical File

Sims, R. "A Question of Perspective." Advocate 3, no. 3 (Spring 1984):145-56.

-----. Shadow and Substance: Afro-American Experience in Contemporary Children's Fiction. Urbana, Ill.: National Council of Teachers of English, 1982, 111 pp.
Cook Library PS374 .C45 S55 1982

-----. "What Has Happened to the `All-White' World of Children's Books?" Phi Delta Kappan 64 (May 1983):650-53.

Sims, R. and Hurmence, B. "Point of View: A Question of Perspective II and III." Advocate 4 (Fall 1984):20-23.
Cook Library Z1037 .A27 Vol. 4

Small, R. C. "An Analysis and Evaluation of Widely Read Junior Novels with Major Negro Characters." Ed.D. dissertation,University of Virginia, 1970, 395 pp., DA 31:4634A

. -----. "The Junior Novel and Race Relations." Negro American Literature Forum 8, no. 1 (Spring 1974):184-89.
Cook Library E185.4 N44 (online)

Soderbergh, Peter A. "Bibliographical Essay: The Negro in Juvenile Series Books, 1899-1930," Journal of Negro History, Vol. 58, Issue 2 (April, 1973), pp. 179-186.
Cook Library E185 .J86 Vol. 58

St. Clair, J. "Recreating Black Life in Children's Literature." Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 19:3-4 (1989): 7-11.

Stanford, Barbara and Procope-Martin, Jean. "Black Literature--A Fad of the Sixties?" Interacial Books for Children Bulletin 10:7 (1979): 10-13.
de Grummond Z1037 .A1 I795 Vol. 7-10

Tate, B. "In House and Out House: Authenticity and the Black Experience in Children's Books." Library Journal 95 (15 October 1970):3595-98. (Reprinted in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 39-49.)

Thompson, A. "Art or Propaganda? Pedagogy and Politics in Illustrated African-American Children's Literature since the Harlem Renaissance." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, April 1999. ERIC (April 1999): 53 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Services #ED433394.

Tolson, N. "Brutal Honesty and Metaphorical Grace: The Blues Aesthetic in Black Children's Literature." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 25 (Spring 2000):56-60.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 25

----. "Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children's Literature." African American Review 32 (Spring 1998):9-16.
Cook Library E185.5 .N35 Vol. 32

Wharton, L. R. "Black American Children's Singing Games: A Structural Analysis." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1979, 513 pp., DA 40:2356A.

Williams, L. B. "Black Traditions in Children's Literature: A Content Analysis of the Text and Illustrations of Picture Story Books about Black People in the United States to Determine How Selected Black Traditions Have Been Portrayed and to Determine What Impact These Portrayals Have on the Self-Concept of Children Who Are Exposed to These Books." Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1979, 267 pp., DA 40:4888A.

Wunderlich, E. "Black Americans in Children's Books." Reading Teacher 28 (December 1974):282-85.
Cook Library LB1573 .R28 Vol. 28

Yuill, P. J. Little Black Sambo: A Closer Look. New York: Council on Interracial Books for Children. 1976.
de Grummond PR6003 .A544 S839

African American Children's Literature

Anderson, O. S. "Fiction for the Young Black Reader: A Critique of Selected Books." Journal of Negro Education 50 (Winter 1981):75-82.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 50

Andrews, W. L. et al, African American Literature: Voices in a Tradition. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1992.
Gunn Library Lit. Gr. 9-12 HRW 1992

Bishop, Rudine Sims. Free Within Ourselves: The Development of African American Children's Literature. New York: Heinemann, 2000.
de Grummond on order

Boyd, C. D. "Crisis Time: The Need for African-American Literature in the World of Children's Books." School Library Media Annual: SMLA 9 (1991): 49-59.
Cook Library LB1576 .A1 E6 Vol. 9

Brown, B. B. "What Do Teachers Need To Know About the Black Experience Before They Teach? An African American Historical and Cultural Continuum." ERIC (April 1994):41 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Service #ED375211.

Coolidge, A. E. "Origins of Our Negro Folk Story." Elementary English Review 9 (June 1932):161-62.
Cook Library LB1576 .A1 E6 Vol. 9

Curry, B. K. and Brodie, J. M., Sweet Words So Brave: The Story of African American Literature. Madison, WI: Zino Press, 1996.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 C87 1996

Dybek, C. "Black Literature for Adolescents." English Journal 63 (January 1974):64-67.
Cook Library PE1 .E5 Vol. 63

Foster, F. S. "Literature for Children by Afro-American Writers: 1976-1986." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 13 (Summer 1988):83-87.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 13

----. "What Matters the Color of the Tiger's Stripes?: The Significance of Bibliographies by Ethnic Identification." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 13 (Summer 1988):80-83.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 13

Fraser, J. "Black Publishing for Black Children: The Experience of the Sixties and Seventies." School Library Journal 20 (November 1973):19-24.
Cook Library Z675 .S3 S29115 Vol. 20

Harris, V. J. "African American Children's Literature: The First One Hundred Years," in Journal of Negro Education, Vol 59, No. 4 (1990), pp.540-555.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol. 59

----. "Race Consciousness, Refinement, and Radicalism: Socialization in The Brownies' Book." Children's Literature Association 14 (Winter 1989):192-196.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 14

Johnson, Dianne. Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African American Literature for Youth. New York: Greenwood, 1990.
Cook Library PS153 .N5 J64 1990

Johnson-Feelings, Dianne, editor. The Best of the Brownies' Book. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
deGrummond E185.86 .B48 1996

Jordan, J. "Black English: The Politics of Translation." In Issues in Children's Book Selection. New York: Bowker, 1973, pp. 85-89. (Also in Library Journal 98 [15 May 1973]:1631-34 and School Library Journal 19 [May 1973]:21-24.
SLB: Cook Library Z675 .S3 .S29115 Vol. 19

Kline, L. "African-American Children's Literature." (December 1992):27 pages ERIC Document Reproduction Service #ED355520.

Kutenplon, D. and Olmstead, E. Young Adult Fiction by African-American Writers, 1968-1993: A Critical and Annotated Guide. New York:Garland, 1996.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 K88 1996

Murphy, B. T. Black Authors and Illustrators of Books for Children and Young Adults, 3rd edition. New York: Garland, 1999.
Cook Library Reference and de Grummond Z1037 .R36 1999

Muse, D. "Black Children's Literature: Rebirth of a Neglected Genre." Black Scholar 7 (December 1975):11-15.
Cook Library E185.5 .B575 Vol. 7

Rochelle, B. Words with Wings: A Treasury of African American Poetry and Art. HarperCollins, 2000.
de Grummond PS591 .N4 W67 2001

Smith, Karen Patricia, editor. African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 A347 2001

Stanford, B. and Amin, K. Black Literature for High School Students. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.1978.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 S7

Strickland, Dorothy S., editor. Listen Children: An Anthology of Black Literature. New York: Bantam. 1986.
de Grummond PS598 .N3 L45x 1986

Sullivan, C., editor. Children of Promise: African American Literature and Art for Young People. New York :Abrams, 1991.
Cox Library and de Grummond PZ5 .C43546 1991

Tolson, N. "Regional Outreach and an Evolving Black Aesthetic." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 20 (Winter 1995-1996):183-185.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 20

Tremper, E. "Black English in Children's Literature." Lion and the Unicorn 3, no. 2 (Winter 1979-80):105-24.
de Grummond PN1009 .A1 L54 Vol. 2-3

Vaughn-Roberson, C. and Hill, B. "The Brownies' Book and Ebony Jr.!:Literature as a Mirror of the Afro-American Experience," in Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 58, Issue 4 (Autumn, 1989), pp. 494-510.
Cook Library LC 2701 .J6 Vol. 58

VanNoate, J. "African-American Literature: Finding Biographical and Critical Sources." ERIC (January 1994): 25 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Services #ED366975.

Williams, H. E. Books by African-American Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults. Chicago: American Library Association, 1991.
de Grummond Z1037 .W672 1991

Recommended Reading Lists

Baker, A. The Black Experience in Children's Books. New York: New York Public Library, 1989. The last in a series of bibliographies (1944-1989) created by Augusta Baker, librarian at the New York Public Library.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 B2 1963

Council on Interracial Books for Children, Interracial Books for Children Bulletin. New York: Council on Interracial Books for Children. Vols 1-19, 1966-1989.
de Grummond Z1037 .A1 I795 Vols. 7-17

Givens, A., ed., Spirited Minds: African American Books for Our Sons and Our Brothers. New York: Norton, 1998.
de Grummond Z1229 .N39 S65 1997

----. Strong Souls Singing: African American Books for Our Daughters and Our Sisters. New York: Norton, 1998.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 S79 1998

Hayes, Ruth M. The Black Experience: Books for Children. Boston: Boston Public Library, 1971.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 H373 1971

Khorana, M. Africa in Literature for Children and Young Adults: An Annotated Bibliography of English-language Books. Westport,CT: Greenwood Press. 1994.
de Grummomd Z3508 .C5 K48 1994

Rand, D. et al. Black Books Galore! A Guide to Great African American Children's Books. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1998.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R33 1998

----. Black Books Galore!: Guide to More Great African American Children's Books. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 2000.

----. Black Books Galore!: Guide to Great African American Children's Books about Boys. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 2000.

----. Black Books Galore!: Guide to Great African American Children's Books about Girls. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 2000.

Rollins, C.H. We Build Together. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1941.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1941

----. We Build Together, revised. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1948.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1948

----. We Build Together, 3rd revision, Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1967.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1967

Rollock, B. The Black Experience in Children's Books. New York: New York Public Library, 1974.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 B2 1974

Rollock, B. The Black Experience in Children's Books. New York: New York Public Library, 1989.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 B2 1989

Smith, H. M. Coretta Scott King Awards Book, 1970-1999. Chicago:American Library Association, 1999.
Cook Library Reference has 1994 ed. Z1037 .A2 C67 1994

Toussaint, P. Great Books for African American Children. New York: Plume/Penguin, 1999.
de Grummond Z1039 .B56 T68 1999

Criteria for Evaluating Children's Books Portraying Blacks

Baker, A. "The Black Experience in Children's Books: An Introductory Essay." Bulletin of the New York Public Library 75 (March 1971):143-46.

-----. "Guidelines for Black Books: An Open Letter to Juvenile Editors." Publishers Weekly 196 (14 July 1969):131-33. (Reprinted in MacCann, Black American (1972), pp. 50-56, and in Haviland, Children and Literature, pp. 110-15.
Cook Library Z1219 .P68 Vol. 196

Birtha, J. M. "Portrayal of the Black in Children's Literature." Philadelphia Library Association Bulletin 24 (July 1969):187-97. (Also in MacCann, Black Americans (1985), pp. 63-71.

Mills, J. W. An Examination of Procedures and Practices in the selection of Black Materials for Children's Collections od Public Libraries in the United States. Thesis. Florida State University, 1987.

Rollins, C.H. We Build Together, revised. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1948.
de Grummond Z1361 .N39 R77 1948

Young, J. "Criteria in Selection of Black Literature for Children." Freedomways 13 (1973):107-16.

Resources for Teaching African American
Children's Literature

African-American Folktales, A Teaching Guide by Joyce Patton
www.cis.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1993/2/93.02.08.x.html

African-American Internet Resources, see Pathfinders in Netconnect, Fall 2001, pp.27, 29-30.
deGrummond Vertical File

Andrews, W. L. et al, African American Literature: Voices in a Tradition. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1992.
Gunn Library Lit. Gr. 9-12 HRW 1992

Andrews, W. L. et al. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press. 1997.
Cook Library Reference PS153 .N5 O96 1997

Bingham, J. and Scholt, G., Fifteen Centuries of Children's Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.
Cook Library and de Grummond Z1037 .A1 B582

Brown, B. B. "What Do Teachers Need To Know About the Black Experience Before They Teach? An African American Historical and Cultural Continuum." ERIC (April 1994):41 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Service #ED375211.

Foster, F. S. "Literature for Children by Afro-American Writers: 1976-1986." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 13 (Summer 1988):83-87.
de Grummond PN1008.2 .C48 Vol. 13

Harris, V. J. "African American Children's Literature: The First One Hundred Years," in Journal of Negro Education, Vol 59, No. 4 (1990), pp.540-555.
Cook Library LC2701 .J6 Vol.59

Johnson, Dianne, Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African American Literature for Youth. New York: Greenwood, 1990.
Cook Library PS153 .N5 J64 1990

Kirkland-Mullins, Waltrina, "Celebrate a People!" an online language arts and social studies unit using African-American children's literature.
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1997/2/97.02.08.x.html

Kutenplon, D. and Olmstead, E. Young Adult Fiction by African-American Writers, 1968-1993: A Critical and Annotated Guide. New York:Garland, 1996.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 K88 1996

Murphy, B. T. Black Authors and Illustrators of Books for Children and Young Adults, 3rd edition. New York: Garland, 1999.
Cook Library Reference and de Grummond Z1037 .R36 1999

Polette, Nancy J. Celebrating the Coretta Scott King Awards: 101 Ideas & Activities. Fort Atkinson, WI: Alleyside Press, 2000.
de Grummond PS173 .N4 P65 2000

Stanford, B. and Amin, K. Black Literature for High School Students. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.1978.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 S7

Stevens, Claire Gatrell. Coretta Scott King Award Books: Using Great Literature with Children and Young Adults. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000.
de Grummond PS153 .N5 S74 2000

Sullivan, C., editor, Children of Promise: African American Literature and Art for Young People. New York :Abrams, 1991.
Cox Library and de Grummond PZ5 .C43546 1991

Valade, R. M. and Kasinee, D., editors. The Schomberg Center Guide to Black Literature: From the Eighteenth Century to the Present. New York: Gale Research. 1996.
Cook Library Reference PS508 .N3 V36 1996

VanNoate, J. "African-American Literature: Finding Biographical and Critical Sources." ERIC (January 1994): 25 pages. ERIC Document Reproduction Services #ED366975.

Warder, R. E. "Milestones in Children's Literature," in The New Press Guide to Multicultural Resources for Young Readers, Daphne Muse, editor. New York: New Press, 1997.
Cook Library and de Grummond Z1037 .N49 1997

Williams, H. E. Books by African-American Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults. Chicago: American Library Association, 1991.
de Grummond Z1037 .W672 1991

 

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