As stated previously, research or empirical studies are most often published in scholarly "peer-reviewed"
journals. So what is the difference between a scholarly journal and a scholarly peer-reviewed journal?
The primary purpose of scholarly publications is to report research or other types of information
to scholars and professionals in the field. Authors writing articles in scholarly journals always document their source material
in footnotes, endnotes or bibliographies in order to authenticate and substantiate their work.
Some scholarly publications require that research submissions be reviewed by other experts/scholars
in the field. This review process is known as "peer," "refereed" or "juried" review and its purpose
is to ensure that the published research reflects the highest scholarship in that academic field. Peer-reviewed
journal articles usually follow a prescribed format and methodology. Some
of the elements below are generally found in research-based peer-reviewed articles: